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Rodin, E; Constantino, T; van Orman, C; Funke, M; Devinsky, O; Wong, P; McIntyre, H; Swartz, B
"Optimal evaluation of digital electroencephalograms"
Clinical EEG & neuroscience 2006 Jul; 37(3):178-189
Currently available digital EEG equipment provides considerably greater opportunities for clinical data analysis than is generally appreciated especially when appropriate software is used. Data from 7 different laboratories that had been obtained for routine diagnostic evaluations on 7 different EEG instruments and stored on compact disks were investigated. Since the instruments do not filter the data at input, ultra slow activity down to 0.01 Hz is currently being recorded but the attenuation factor is instrument dependent. Nevertheless, relevant clinical information is potentially available in these data and needs to be explored. Several examples in regard to epilepsy are presented. Determination of seizure onset may depend on the frequencies that are examined. The use of appropriate filter settings and viewing windows for the clinical question to be answered is stressed. Differentiation between simple and complex spike wave discharges, as well as spread of spikes, can readily be achieved by expanding the time base to 1 or 2 seconds and placing a cursor on the peak of the negative spike. Latencies in the millisecond range can then become apparent. EEGs co-registered with MEG should be evaluated with the same software in order to allow an adequate assessment of the similarities and differences between electrical and magnetic activity. An example of a comparison of EEG, planar gradiometers and magnetometers for an averaged spike is shown

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