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Geyer, J D; Bilir, E; Faught, R E; Kuzniecky, R; Gilliam, F
"Significance of interictal temporal lobe delta activity for localization of the primary epileptogenic region"
Neurology 1999 Jan 1; 52(1):202-205
Because interictal temporal lobe delta activity (TLDA) has been described in 30 to 90% of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) but has not been investigated in patients with extratemporal epilepsy, we sought to determine the localizing significance of TLDA. We compared the presurgical interictal scalp EEG results of 47 consecutive patients who received extratemporal resection (40 frontal and 7 parietal-occipital) for intractable epilepsy with 43 consecutive patients who received anterior temporal lobectomy. We defined lateralized TLDA as runs of lower than 4-Hz waveforms that were easily distinguished from the background rhythms and were maximal at electrodes T4, F8, and T6 or T3, F7, and T5. The lateralized TLDA was subcategorized as temporal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (TIRDA) or temporal intermittent polymorphic delta activity (TIPDA). A chi-square test was used to determine the association of the lobe of the epileptogenic zone with TIRDA and TIPDA. We found TIRDA in 12 (28%) and TIPDA in 8 (19%) patients in the temporal lobe group, and TIRDA in 2 (4%) and TIPDA in 9 (19%) patients in the extratemporal group. TIRDA was strongly associated with TLE (p < 0.003), whereas TIPDA occurred at an equal rate in both groups. Similar to anterior temporal epilepsy, lateralized TIPDA is present in up to 20% of patients with extratemporal epilepsy. The presence of TIRDA strongly suggests TLE but may infrequently occur in extratemporal epilepsy. Caution should be used when using lateralized TLDA as a presurgical localizing finding

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