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Kuzniecky, R; Hetherington, H; Pan, J; Hugg, J; Palmer, C; Gilliam, F; Faught, E; Morawetz, R
"Proton spectroscopic imaging at 4.1 tesla in patients with malformations of cortical development and epilepsy"
Neurology 1997 Apr; 48(4):1018-1024
We used proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) at 4.1 tesla in patients with malformations of cortical development (MCDs) and epilepsy. We compared the spectroscopic results with normative data using 2 SDs (95% confidence) above normal values for detection of significant abnormalities for creatine-N-acetylated compounds (Cr/NA) ratio and choline-N-acetylated compounds (Cho/NA). The results were correlated with clinical, EEG, and histologic findings. Patients with focal cortical dysplasia showed significant metabolic abnormalities in correspondence with the structural lesions, whereas patients with heterotopia and polymicrogyria demonstrated no subcortical MRSI abnormalities. Significant correlations were found between the metabolic abnormalities and the frequency of seizures but not with the degree of interictal EEG discharges. Quantitative neuronal and glial cell counts revealed no statistically significant correlation between cell loss and the abnormal metabolic ratios in those who underwent surgery. These preliminary findings suggest that MRSI-based metabolic abnormalities in patients with MCDs are variable and are likely to be associated with complex cellular mechanisms involving the regulation of NA, total Cr content, and Cho

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