Broder, Hillary L; Russell, Stefanie; Catapano, Peter; Reisine, Susan
"Perceived barriers and facilitators to dental treatment among female caregivers of children with and without HIV and their health care providers"
Pediatric dentistry 2002 Jul-Aug; 24(4):301-308
- PURPOSE: This study sought to identify barriers and facilitators to dental care among families of predominately low socioeconomic status having children with and without HIV. METHODS: Twelve focus group sessions with African-American and Hispanic caregivers and 18 individual semistructured interviews with key informant health care providers were held at two sites: a hospital-based program (HBP) and a dental school-based program (DSBP), that provide pediatric dental services. SPSS Textsmart software was used to analyze qualitative data within and across group types and sites. RESULTS: Focus group participants (n = 72, averaging 6 women per group) included: HIV-seropositive biological mothers of HIV-seropositive children (4 groups); HIV-seronegative caregivers of HIV-seropositive children (4 groups); and Medicaid-eligible, HIV-seronegative caregivers of HIV-seronegative children (4 groups). The most commonly expressed barrier to dental care across groups was poor interpersonal communication between dental staff and caregiver/child. HIV-seronegative groups cited health care delivery system factors as barriers to receiving dental care more frequently than HIV-seropositive caregivers who cited shame/anger and family illness as being more important. Common facilitators were positive communication and transportation assistance. Unique facilitators for HIV-seropositive groups were coordination of the dental visits with medical appointments at the HBP. Key informants acknowledged high stress in families having children with HIV/AIDS, cited dental fear among caregivers as a barrier to dental treatment adherence and reported that dental care seemed to be a low priority among many of these families. CONCLUSIONS: Facilitators and barriers to care included factors in the family, dental care and health care delivery systems as well as interpersonal communication between the dental providers and the families.
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# 156663 (MEDL:12212871)
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