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Pacia SV; Devinsky O; Perrine K; Ravdin L; Luciano D; Vazquez B; Doyle WK
"Clinical features of neocortical temporal lobe epilepsy"
Annals of neurology 1996 Nov; 40(5):724-730
Few studies have examined the clinical features of neocortical temporal lobe epilepsy (NTLE) in carefully selected patients. We reviewed records from 21 patients with NTLE, defined by intracranial electroencephalogram (EEG), who have been seizure free for 1 year or more following temporal lobectomy. The mean age of onset at the time of first seizure was 14 years (range, 1-41 years). Febrile seizures were reported in only 2 patients (9.5%). In contrast to prior mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) studies, seizure-free intervals between the initial cerebral insult or first seizure and habitual seizures were uncommon. Possible or known risk factors for epilepsy were reported in 13 of 21 patients (62%). Fifteen (71%) patients reported auras, with experiential phenomena being the most common type. Magnetic resonance imaging was normal or nonspecific in 15 patients, revealed mild hippocampal atrophy in 2, tumors in 2, and heterotopic gray matter and hippocampal atrophy in 1, and cortical dysgenesis in 1. Neuropsychological testing showed deficits consistent with the seizure focus in 13 patients (62%), and Wada test showed ipsilateral memory deficits in 10 (48%). The most common behavioral manifestation was a motionless stare at ictal onset (48%). In contrast to prior studies of MTLE, only 1 NTLE patient had frequent independent, contralateral temporal lobe epileptiform spikes on scalp EEG

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