Devinsky O; Emoto S; Nadi NS; Theodore WH
"Cerebrospinal fluid levels of neuropeptides, cortisol, and amino acids in patients with epilepsy"
Epilepsia 1993 Mar-Apr; 34(2):255-261
- We measured lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of somatostatin, cholecystokinin, neurotensin, atrial natriuretic factor, vasoactive inhibitory peptide, neuropeptide Y, adrenocorticotrophic hormone, corticotropin releasing hormone, beta-endorphin, metenkephalin, cortisol, alanine, glycine, aspartate, glutamate, taurine, and gamma-aminobutyric acid in 25 inpatients with epilepsy at known interictal and postictal times and in 11 neurologically normal volunteers. There were no significant differences between interictal or postictal complex partial seizures (CPS), postictal generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTC), and control CSF neuropeptide, cortisol, and amino acid (AA) levels. However, there were nonsignificant trends for CSF levels of several neuropeptides to be increased after CPS and GTC as compared with interictal baseline levels. There were significant correlations between levels of certain CSF neuropeptides or (AAs) and serum antiepileptic drug (AED) levels. Several correlations were noted between CSF levels of AAs, including a correlation between the excitatory neurotransmitters aspartate and glutamate identified only after CPS
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