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Devinsky O; Lemann W; Evans AC; Moeller JR; Rottenberg DA
"Akinetic mutism in a bone marrow transplant recipient following total-body irradiation and amphotericin B chemoprophylaxis. A positron emission tomographic and neuropathologic study"
Archives of neurology 1987 Apr; 44(4):414-417
We describe a case of akinetic mutism associated with diffuse cerebral leukoencephalopathy, which developed in a bone marrow transplant recipient following total-body irradiation and amphotericin B chemoprophylaxis. A trial of high-dose bromocriptine did not stimulate purposeful verbal or motor activity. Fluorine 18-fluorodeoxyglucose/positron emission tomographic studies, performed before and during bromocriptine therapy, demonstrated cerebral hypometabolism and treatment-related decreases in regional cerebral blood volume. We conclude that whole-brain or total-body irradiation may increase blood-brain barrier permeability to polyene antibiotics, and that high-dose therapy with dopamine agonists is unlikely to benefit patients with akinetic mutism due to diffuse white-matter lesions

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