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Prasad, Avinash; Pacia, Steven V; Vazquez, Blanca; Doyle, Werner K; Devinsky, Orrin
"Extent of ictal origin in mesial temporal sclerosis patients monitored with subdural intracranial electrodes predicts outcome"
Journal of clinical neurophysiology 2003 Jul-Aug; 20(4):243-248
In patients with mesiotemporal sclerosis, posterior hippocampal involvement at the ictal onset is not associated with an excellent outcome. A study confirmed that ictal onset in the posterior parahippocampal gyrus is associated with a less favorable outcome compared with ictal onset in the anterior parahippocampal gyrus in patients with mesiobasal temporal lobe epilepsy who are undergoing foramen ovale recording. The authors hypothesized that involvement of the two medial contact points of posterior basal temporal subdural (SD) strip at the ictal onset, representing ictal onset in the posterior parahippocampal gyrus, may also adversely influence the surgical outcome. With this objective, the authors assessed the incidence of posterior basal temporal SD strip (the two medial contact points) involvement at the ictal onset in patients with mesiotemporal sclerosis and determined whether presence of this finding influenced surgical outcome. Thirty-six patients with mesiotemporal sclerosis underwent a single SD grid (lateral frontotemporal) and strips (three basal temporal and one orbitosubfrontal) monitoring. Based on the earliest involvement of basal temporal strips (the two medial contact points) during the seizure, patients were classified into (1) anterior and/or middle basal temporal, or (2) posterior basal temporal (with or without involvement of anterior and/or middle basal temporal) ictal onset groups. A temporal lobectomy with adequate resection of the ictal onset zone was performed in all patients. Surgical outcome was based on Engel's classification. Six of 36 (17%) patients were classified into the posterior basal temporal ictal onset group. Only two patients from the posterior basal temporal ictal onset group experienced a good outcome compared with 26 of 30 patients from anterior and/or middle basal temporal ictal onset group (P = 0.01). In patients with mesiotemporal sclerosis who were monitored with SD electrodes, involvement of the two medial contact points of posterior basal temporal strip at the ictal onset (representing ictal onset in the posterior parahippocampal gyrus) occurred in 17% of the patients. These patients might not experience an excellent surgical outcome despite including the ictal onset zone in resection. These findings may be useful in presurgical counseling of patients with mesiotemporal sclerosis who undergo intracranial SD monitoring

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