"Psychiatric comorbidity in patients with epilepsy: implications for diagnosis and treatment"
Epilepsy & behavior 2003 Feb; 4 Suppl 4(1):S2-10
- Psychiatric disorders frequently occur in patients with epilepsy but the diagnosis is frequently missed and therapeutic opportunities are often lost. These comorbidities assume greater importance as epidemiological data show their frequent association with impaired function and quality of life, and advances in neurobiology better define their pathophysiological relationship and therapies. Epilepsy presents a model for understanding psychiatric illness. Deciphering the role of different biological and environmental risk factors may help identify high-risk patients and allow for early intervention. Antiepileptic drugs are frequently used to manage psychiatric syndromes although the mechanisms of their psychotropic action remain uncertain. As recognition and treatment of comorbid psychiatric disorders in epilepsy remain suboptimal, we need to increase the awareness of physicians, patients, their caregivers, and the health care system. Better recognition will help to develop and implement appropriate diagnostic and treatment programs, and improve functional outcomes and quality of life in people with epilepsy
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