Barr, William B
"Neuropsychological approaches to criminality and violence"
IN: Clinical neuropsychology in the criminal forensic setting / Denney, Robert L
New York, NY, US: Guilford Press, 2008
- (from the chapter) This chapter reviews scientific literature supporting the view that a number of neurobiological factors have the potential to influence violent behavior Some of these factors are present in individuals at risk for committing violence, such as persons with certain forms of personality disorder, or those identified by having already committed a violent act, such as convicted felons. In each case, I espouse the view that neurobiology is rarely the sole cause of the violence. Each case must be viewed in a context based on not only the characteristics of the defendant but also a thorough analysis of the crime. Although these individuals are often referred to in the scientific literature as exhibiting features of psychopathy, I focus on the term antisocial personality disorder (APD) from the most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000). First, I review some of the neurobiological influences known to affect aggression and violence in animals and humans, and a method to differentiate these from the effects of developmental or acquired disease. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved)
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