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Zaroff, Charles M; Devinsky, Orrin; Miles, Daniel; Barr, William B
"Cognitive and behavioral correlates of tuberous sclerosis complex"
Journal of child neurology 2004 Nov; 19(11):847-852
Tuberous sclerosis complex is a multisystem disorder in which neurologic problems cause the greatest disability. High rates of mental retardation and autism spectrum disorders are associated with the diagnosis. Early-onset seizures and increased tuber burden are risk factors for cognitive impairment. Early-onset seizures, particularly infantile spasms, are risk factors for autism. Tubers within the temporal lobe and cerebellum are often mentioned as risk factors for autism, although the findings are inconsistent. Seizure control is important for developmental outcome and quality of life. Early behavioral assessment and therapeutic intervention, as well as seizure control, are the most effective means of promoting neurodevelopmental outcome

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