Ameloblastoma of the maxilla: a series of three cases [Case Report]
Choroid plexus papilloma of the cerebellopontine angle [Case Report]
Choroid plexus papillomas are rare tumors, representing less than 1% of all intracranial neoplasms in our review of the English literature. Derived from the neuroepithelial cells of the choroid plexus, these tumors recapitulate the structure of the normal choroid plexus, often demonstrating a well-developed papillary architecture. This tumor most commonly affects children and typically arises in the lateral ventricles. Before 1992, 26 cases have been reported arising in the cerebellopontine angle. We describe an example of choroid plexus papilloma of the cerebellopontine angle that was initially diagnosed as metastatic papillary carcinoma. A metastatic disease workup revealed a right thyroid lobe nodule. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of this nodule yielded a few atypical cells, but no evidence of papillary carcinoma. We performed additional laboratory investigations to rule out the possibility of a primary papillary carcinoma of the thyroid gland and to make a definitive diagnosis of a choroid plexus papilloma. This article reviews choroid plexus papilloma of the cerebellopontine angle and demonstrates the use of immunohistochemistry to differentiate this benign primary neoplasm from well-differentiated metastatic papillary carcinoma.
Streptococcal pharyngitis: alternative treatments
Malignant transformation of nasopharyngeal lymphoid hyperplasia [Case Report]
Lymphadenopathy and nasal obstruction are very common in the HIV-positive patient and may or may not reveal a nasopharyngeal tumor. Biopsy is warranted if there is evidence suggestive of lymphoma or other neoplastic disease. This would include progressive rapid enlargement observed on examination or CT scan, an asymmetric growth pattern, and evidence of invasion of normal anatomic boundaries. It is certain that not all cases of adenoid hypertrophy that occurs early in the course of HIV disease represent a malignancy. Further study is needed to determine the proper timing for nasopharyngeal biopsy in the HIV-positive population. As the life span of the HIV-positive patient increases, so may the incidence of malignant degeneration.
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the external auditory canal in an HIV-positive patient [Case Report]
This is a case report of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the external auditory canal, and infratemporal fossa, which presented with multiple cranial nerve palsies. The diagnosis was achieved via biopsy of tissue from the external auditory canal, and treatment with radiation therapy led to improvement of the symptoms. The management of AIDS-related lymphoma of the skull base with cranial neuropathies is reviewed.
Cytomegalovirus sinusitis in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [Case Report]
Scimitar syndrome masquerading as a foreign body aspiration in an infant [Case Report]
The radiographic incidence of chronic sinus disease in the pediatric population
The otolaryngologist is frequently consulted for paranasal sinus disease which has been identified as an incidental finding on computed tomography (CT) in children. The significance of such a finding is difficult to interpret without prior knowledge of the actual incidence of chronic sinus mucosal hypertrophy in the general pediatric population. In this study of pediatric CT scans from busy otolaryngology and ophthalmology clinics, the radiographic incidence of sinus disease in the general pediatric population is estimated. One hundred forty-two CT scans of the orbits and temporal bones obtained over an 18-month period were reviewed. Fifty-eight (41%) scans showed some mucosal thickening or opacification in at least one sinus. When patients were stratified by age, or by the presence or absence of chronic otitis media or respiratory tract disease, exclusive of clinical sinusitis, there was no statistical difference between groups. The authors conclude that the asymptomatic child with an incidental paranasal sinus finding on CT scan need not be worked up further unless clinical symptoms and signs are elicited.