Short-term outcomes of infants born to mothers with SARS-CoV-2 infection
OBJECTIVE/UNASSIGNED:The rate of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 from mothers to infants in the peri- and post-natal period remains an area of ongoing investigation. This study aims to determine rates of development of clinically significant COVID-19 disease within 1â€‰month among infants born to symptomatic and asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 positive mothers. MATERIALS AND METHODS/UNASSIGNED:This was a single-center, retrospective cohort study of all infants born to SARS-CoV-2 positive mothers who were admitted to the Well Baby Nursery (WBN) at New York University Langone Hospital-Brooklyn from 23 March-23 September 2020. Infants born to asymptomatic mothers were allowed to room-in, while infants born to mothers with symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 were isolated and discharged home to an alternate primary caregiver. A phone follow-up program contacted mothers at 2â€‰weeks and 1â€‰month post discharge to inquire about newborn symptoms, maternal symptoms, personal protective equipment (PPE) usage, and any presentations to care. Medical records were also reviewed for clinic and hospital visits to determine if exposed infants developed any symptoms following discharge. RESULTS/UNASSIGNED:Of 1903 deliveries during the study period, 131 mothers (21 symptomatic, 110 asymptomatic) tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and had infants admitted to the WBN. 57 infants (21 born to symptomatic mothers, 36 born to asymptomatic mothers) were tested prior to discharge, and none were positive. 121 of 133 infants had at least 1 follow up call in the study period. Of these, 31 had symptoms potentially concerning for SARS-CoV-2 infection or Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children, and 19 presented to medical care for these symptoms. 4 infants had SARS- CoV-2 testing after discharge, and none were positive. 2 infants were admitted to the hospital for fever but neither had a positive SARS-CoV-2 result. 65% of mothers reported always adhering to PPE recommendations. CONCLUSION/UNASSIGNED:Our results suggest that infants born both to symptomatic and asymptomatic mothers are unlikely to develop clinically significant COVID-19 disease in the peri- and post-natal periods.
Breast Milk and Breastfeeding of Infants Born to SARS-CoV-2 Positive Mothers: A Prospective Observational Cohort Study
OBJECTIVE:â€ƒThere are limited published data on the transmission of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus from mothers to newborns through breastfeeding or from breast milk. The World Health Organization released guidelines encouraging mothers with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 to breastfeed as the benefits of breastfeeding outweighs the possible risk of transmission. The objective of this study was to determine if SARS-CoV-2 was present in the breast milk of lactating mothers who had a positive SARS-CoV-2 nasopharyngeal swab test prior to delivery, and the clinical outcomes for their newborns. STUDY DESIGN/METHODS:by two-step reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Additionally, the clinical characteristics of the maternal newborn dyad, results of nasopharyngeal SARS-CoV-2 testing, and neonatal follow-up data were collected. RESULTS:â€ƒA total of 19 mothers were included in the study and their infants who were all fed breast milk. Breast milk samples from 18 mothers tested negative for SARS-CoV-2, and 1 was positive for SARS-CoV-2 RNA. The infant who ingested the breast milk that tested positive had a negative nasopharyngeal test for SARS-CoV-2, and had a benign clinical course. There was no evidence of significant clinical infection during the hospital stay or from outpatient neonatal follow-up data for all the infants included in this study. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:â€ƒIn a small cohort of SARS-CoV-2 positive lactating mothers giving birth at our institution, most of their breast milk samples (95%) contained no detectable virus, and there was no evidence of COVID-19 infection in their breast milk-fed neonates. KEY POINTS/CONCLUSIONS:Â· Breast milk may rarely contain detectable SARS-CoV-2 RNA and was not detected in asymptomatic mothers.. Â· Breast milk with detectable SARS-CoV-2 RNA from a symptomatic mother had no clinical significance for her infant.. Â· Breast feeding with appropriate infection control instructions appears to be safe in mother with COVID infection..