Reye's syndrome: epidemiologic and viral studies, 1963-1974
Linnemann, C C Jr; Shea, L; Partin, J C; Schubert, W K; Schiff, G M
Fifty-eight children with Reye's syndrome (RS) confirmed by liver biopsy were treated at the University of Cincinnati between 1963 and 1974. Cases were clustered in the winter and spring with the peak in February and March. These coincided with the occurrence of influenza and, numerically, were associated more closely with influenza B than with influenza A. Six of the 58 cases were associated with chickenpox. Twenty-six children with RS were seen from 1963 to 1971, before the beginning of a systematic epidemiologic and virologic study. Viral infection was documented in either the patient or a contact in only 19% of those studied. Between 1971 and 1973, after the study was initiated, 16 cases of RS were diagnosed and viral infection was confirmed in 56% of these. In 1974, an epidemic of RS occurred during an influenza B epidemic and viral infection was found in either the patient or a contact in 81% of 16 cases. This study demonstrates that an association with viral infection can be proven in the majority of cases of RS when an intensive investigation is undertaken. During this study no significant environmental toxic exposures could be idenified. Most children had taken aspirin and other medications, and seven children had a history of excessive aspirin ingestion.
Evaluation of a live, attenuated recombinant influenza vaccine in high school children
Schiff, G M; Linnemann, C C Jr; shea, L; Lange, B; Rotte, T
A live, attenuated, recombinant influenza vaccine (Alice strain) administered intranasally was evaluated in high school students and compared with intranasal placebo and subcutaneous, inactivated, bivalent influenza vaccine. The Alice strain was antigenic, increasing the geometric mean titer (GMT) from a prestudy level of 30.2 to a postvaccine level of 189.6. The inactivated vaccine increased the GMT from 32.9 to 361.8. There was no increase in the GMT among the placebo recipients. The Alice strain produced little reaction. With an antigenic, safe, acceptable, live, attenuated influenza vaccine available, immunization on a widespread basis should be considered.
Rubella and measles serosurvey among a nonurban pediatric population
Schiff, G M; Linnemann, C C Jr; Shea, L; Rotte, T; Grundy, B; Ashe, H S
A serologic survey for rubella and measles immunity was conducted to determine the immunity levels among a nonurban, relatively isolated pediatric population. Among 1,273 students in grades kindergarten through 9, the overall susceptibility rate was 24.3% for rubella and 16.3% for measles. There was significant variation in susceptibility rates among the various grades and schools involved. The susceptibility rates were similar to those found for urban populations. The results indicated that vaccination efforts for the population have been partially successful, but additional effort was needed.
Evaluation of RA 27-3 rubella vaccine
Schiff, G M; Linnemann, C C Jr; Shea, L; Grundy, B; Ashe, H S
Rubella vaccinees in a public school system: a four and one-half-year follow-up
Schiff, G M; Rauh, J L; Linnemann, C C Jr; Shea, L; Rotte, T C; Trimble, S
Association of Reye's syndrome with viral infection
Linnemann, C C Jr; Shea, L; Kauffman, C A; Schiff, G M; Partin, J C; Schubert, W K
Poliovirus antibody in urban school children
Linnemann, C C Jr; Stefanovic, G; Shea, L; May, D B; Schiff, G M
Serological survey for rubella and measles antibodies among first graders
Schiff, G M; Linnemann, C C Jr; Shea, L; Witte, J J; Ackerman, J H; Stapleton, L; Elsea, W R; Agna, M
Rubella surveillance and immunization among college women
Schiff, G M; Linnemann, C C Jr; Shea, L; Trimble, S
PANCYTOPENIA SEPTIC MANIFESTATIONS AND RENAL FAILURE IN ELDERLY MALE [Discussion]
BRUNO, MS; FISCHER, W; BRIGGS, DK; SHEA, L; OBER, WB; CARTER, S; BOLEMAN, AP; WALLER, JJ; REICH, C; LESSER, GT; DANN, HA; WECHSLER, HF