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Quality and Safety Outcomes of a Hospital Merger Following a Full Integration at a Safety Net Hospital

Wang, Erwin; Arnold, Sonia; Jones, Simon; Zhang, Yan; Volpicelli, Frank; Weisstuch, Joseph; Horwitz, Leora; Rudy, Bret
Importance/UNASSIGNED:Hospital consolidations have been shown not to improve quality on average. Objective/UNASSIGNED:To assess a full-integration approach to hospital mergers based on quality metrics in a safety net hospital acquired by an urban academic health system. Design, Setting, and Participants/UNASSIGNED:This quality improvement study analyzed outcomes for all nonpsychiatric, nonrehabilitation, non-newborn patients discharged between September 1, 2010, and August 31, 2019, at a US safety net hospital that was acquired by an urban academic health system in January 2016. Interrupted time series and statistical process control analyses were used to assess the main outcomes and measures. Data sources included the hospital's electronic health record, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Hospital Compare, and nursing quality reports. Exposures/UNASSIGNED:A full-integration approach to the merger that included: (1) early administrative and clinical leadership integration with the academic health system; (2) rapid transition to the academic health system electronic health record; (3) local ownership of quality metrics; (4) system-level goals with real-time actionable analytics through combined dashboards; and (5) implementation of value-based and other analytic-driven interventions. Main Outcomes and Measures/UNASSIGNED:The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes included 30-day readmission, patient experience, and hospital-acquired conditions. Results/UNASSIGNED:The 122 348 patients in the premerger (September 2010 through August 2016) and the 58 904 patients in the postmerger (September 2016 through August 2019) periods had a mean (SD) age of 55.5 (22.0) years; the total sample of 181 252 patients included 112 191 women (61.9%), the payor mix was majority governmental (144 375 patients [79.7%]), and most admissions were emergent (121 469 patients [67.0%]). There was a 0.71% (95% CI, 0.57%-0.86%) absolute (27% relative) reduction in the crude mortality rate and 0.95% (95% CI, 0.83%-1.12%) absolute (33% relative) in the adjusted rate by the end of the 3-year intervention period. There was no significant improvement in readmission rates after accounting for baseline trends. There were fewer central line infections per 1000 catheter days, fewer catheter-associated urinary tract infections per 1000 discharges, and a higher likelihood of patients recommending the hospital or ranking it 9 or 10. Conclusions and Relevance/UNASSIGNED:In this quality improvement study, a hospital merger with a full-integration approach to consolidation was found to be associated with improvement in quality outcomes.
PMID: 34989794
ISSN: 2574-3805
CID: 5107272

Supporting Acute Advance Care Planning with Precise, Timely Mortality Risk Predictions

Wang, Erwin; Major, Vincent J; Adler, Nicole; Hauck, Kevin; Austrian, Jonathan; Aphinyanaphongs, Yindalon; Horwitz, Leora I
ISSN: n/a
CID: 5000212

Protocolized Urine Sampling is Associated with Reduced Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections: A Pre- and Post-intervention Study

Frontera, Jennifer A; Wang, Erwin; Phillips, Michael; Radford, Martha; Sterling, Stephanie; Delorenzo, Karen; Saxena, Archana; Yaghi, Shadi; Zhou, Ting; Kahn, D Ethan; Lord, Aaron S; Weisstuch, Joseph
BACKGROUND:Standard urine sampling and testing techniques do not mitigate against detection of colonization, resulting in false positive catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI). We aim to evaluate if a novel protocol for urine sampling and testing reduces rates of CAUTI. METHODS:A pre-intervention and post-intervention study with a contemporaneous control group was conducted at two campuses (test and control) of the same academic medical center. The test campus implemented a protocol requiring urinary catheter removal prior to urine sampling from a new catheter or sterile straight catheterization, along with urine bacteria and pyuria screening prior to culture. Primary outcomes were test campus CAUTI rates compared between each 9-month pre- and post-intervention epoch. Secondary outcomes included the percent reductions in CAUTI rates compared between the test campus and a propensity-score matched cohort at the control campus. RESULTS:  A total of 7,991 patients from the test campus were included in the primary analysis, and 4,264 were included in the propensity-score matched secondary analysis. In primary analysis, CAUTI/1000-patients was reduced by 77% (6.6 to 1.5), CAUTI/1000-catheter days by 63% (5.9 to 2.2) and urinary catheter days/patient by 37% (1.1 to 0.69, all P≤0.001). In propensity score-matched analysis, CAUTI/1000-patients was reduced by 82% at the test campus versus 57% at the control campus, CAUTI/1000 catheter-days declined by 68% versus 57% and catheter-days/patient decreased by 44% versus 1% (all P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Protocolized urine sampling and testing aimed at minimizing contamination by colonization was associated with significantly reduced CAUTI infection rates and urinary catheter days.
PMID: 32776142
ISSN: 1537-6591
CID: 4556052


Frontera, Jennier; Weisstuch, Joseph; Phillips, Michael; Radford, Martha; Sterling, Stephanie; Delorenzo, Karen; Saxena, Archana; Wang, Erwin
ISSN: 0090-3493
CID: 4227692

Promoting High-Value Practice by Reducing Unnecessary Transfusions [Meeting Abstract]

Moussa, Marwa; Mercado, Jorge; Wang, Erwin; Okamura, Charles; Volpicelli, Frank
ISSN: 0003-2999
CID: 3727512

Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease and a History of Cancer: The Risk of Cancer Following Exposure to Immunosuppression [Meeting Abstract]

Axelrad, Jordan E.; Bernheim, Oren; Colombel, Jean-Frederic; Malerba, Stefano; Ananthakrishnan, Ashwin N.; Yajnik, Vijay; Hoffman, Gila; Agrawal, Manasi; Lukin, Dana J.; Desai, Amit P.; McEachern, Elisa; Bosworth, Brian; Scherl, Ellen J.; Reyes, Andre; Zaidi, Hina; Mudireddy, Prashant R.; DiCaprio, David; Sultan, Keith; Korelitz, Burton I.; Wang, Erwin; Williams, Renee; Chen, Lea Ann; Katz, Seymour; Itzkowitz, Steven H.
ISSN: 0016-5085
CID: 3177942

American neuroborreliosis presenting as cranial polyneuritis and radiculoneuritis

Wang, Erwin; Shirvalkar, Prasad R; Maciel, Carolina B; Merkler, Alexander E; Safdieh, Joseph; Gupta, Ajay
PMID: 25340082
ISSN: 2332-7812
CID: 3411512

Effect of modest pay-for-performance financial incentive on time-to-discharge summary dictation among medical residents

Wolk, Adam; Wang, Erwin; Horak, Bernard; Cloonan, Patricia; Adams, Michael; Moore, Eileen; Jaipaul, Chitra Komal; Brown, Gabrielle; Dasgupta, Dabanjan; Deluca, Danielle; Grossman, Mila
OBJECTIVE:Evaluate the effect of a modest financial incentive on time-to-discharge summary dictation among medicine residents. BACKGROUND:Pay-for-performance incentives are used in a number of health care settings. Studies are lacking on their use with medical residents and other trainees. Timely completion of discharge summaries is necessary for effective follow-up after hospitalization, and residents perform the majority of discharge summary dictations in academic medical centers. METHODS:Medicine residents with the lowest average discharge-to-dictation time during their 1-month inpatient medicine ward rotation were rewarded with a $50 gift card. Discharge data were captured using an autopopulating electronic database. RESULTS:The average discharge-to-dictation time was reduced from 7.44 to 1.84 days, representing a 75.3% decrease. Almost 90% of discharge summary dictations were performed on the day of discharge. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:A modest financial incentive resulted in a marked improvement in the time-to-discharge summary dictation by medicine residents. Pay-for-performance programs may be an effective strategy for improving the quality and efficiency of patient care in academic medical centers.
PMID: 24088875
ISSN: 1550-5154
CID: 3411502

Loss of imprinting of IGF2 and the epigenetic progenitor model of cancer

Leick, Mark B; Shoff, Christopher J; Wang, Erwin C; Congress, Jaclyn L; Gallicano, G Ian
Among the hypotheses discussing cancer formation, the cancer stem cell (CSC) theory is one receiving widespread support. One version of this theory states that changes in otherwise healthy cells can cause formation of tumor- initiating cells (TICs), which have the potential to create precancerous stem cells that can lead to CSC formation. These CSCs can be rare, in contrast to their differentiated progeny, which give rise to the vast majority of the tumor mass in most cancers. Loss of imprinting (LOI) of the insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF2) gene is one change that can produce these TICs via an epigenetic progenitor model of tumorigenesis. While IGF2 usually supports normal cellular growth, LOI of IGF2 may lead to overexpression of the gene and moreover global chromatin instability. This modification has been observed in many forms of cancer, and given the effect of LOI of IGF2 and its role in cancer, detecting a loss of imprinting in this gene could serve as a valuable diagnostic tool. Preclinical data has shown some progress in identifying therapeutic approaches seeking to exploit this relationship. Thus, further research surrounding LOI of IGF2 could lead to increased understanding of several cancer types and enhance therapies against these diseases.
PMID: 23671798
ISSN: 2160-4150
CID: 3411492

Student-run clinics-a short-term solution to a systemic problem

Wang, Erwin C; Prior, Megan; Van Kirk, Jenny M; Sarmiento, Stephen A; Burke, Margaret M; Oh, Christine; Moore, Eileen S; Mitchell, Stephen Ray
PMID: 23137459
ISSN: 1937-7010
CID: 3411482