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Kars, Michelle; Hagen, John; Maloney, Caroline; Kallis, Michelle; El-Shafy, Ibrahim Abd; Lipskar, Aaron
PMID: 29776738
ISSN: 1531-5037
CID: 5054322

Simple diverticulectomy is adequate for management of bleeding Meckel diverticulum

Glenn, Ian C; El-Shafy, Ibrahim Abd; Bruns, Nicholas E; Muenks, E Pete; Duran, Yara K; Hill, Joshua A; Peter, Shawn D St; Prince, Jose M; Lipskar, Aaron M; Ponsky, Todd A
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE:It is unclear whether simple diverticulectomy, rather than segmental bowel resection (SBR), is adequate treatment for gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) secondary to Meckel diverticulum (MD). There is concern that ulcers in the adjacent bowel may continue to bleed if only the diverticulum is removed. This study seeks to determine if diverticulectomy is satisfactory treatment for bleeding MD. METHODS:A multi-institution, retrospective review was performed for patients with a diagnosis of MD and GIB who underwent simple diverticulectomy or small bowel resection. Exclusion criteria were comorbid surgical conditions and other causes of GIB. The primary outcome was post-operative bleeding during the initial hospitalization. Secondary outcomes were bleeding after discharge, transfusion or additional procedure requirement, re-admission, and overall complications. RESULTS:There were 59 patients who met study criteria (42 diverticulectomy, 17 SBR). One patient in the SBR group had early post-operative bleeding (p = 0.288). There was one re-admission (p = 0.288) and three total complications in the SBR group (p = 0.021). There were no cases of bleeding or other complications in the diverticulectomy group. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:This study suggests that simple diverticulectomy is adequate for treatment of GIB caused by MD. Furthermore, diverticulectomy appears to have a lower overall complication rate.
PMID: 29460177
ISSN: 1437-9813
CID: 5054312

Ultrasound-guided bilateral rectus sheath block vs. conventional local analgesia in single port laparoscopic appendectomy for children with nonperforated appendicitis

Maloney, Caroline; Kallis, Michelle; El-Shafy, Ibrahim Abd; Lipskar, Aaron M; Hagen, John; Kars, Michelle
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND:Despite its minimally invasive approach, laparoscopic surgery can cause considerable pain. Regional analgesic techniques such as the rectus sheath block (RSB) offer improved pain management following elective umbilical hernia repair in the pediatric population. This effect has not been examined in laparoscopic single-incision surgery in children. We sought to compare the efficacy of bilateral ultrasound-guided RSB versus local anesthetic infiltration (LAI) in providing postoperative pain relief in pediatric single-incision transumbilical laparoscopic assisted appendectomy (TULA) with same-day discharge. METHODS:We retrospectively reviewed 275 children, ages 4 to 17 years old, who underwent TULA for uncomplicated appendicitis in a single institution from August 2014 to July 2015. We compared those that received preincision bilateral RSB (n=136) with those who received LAI (n=139). The primary outcome was narcotic administration. Secondary outcomes included initial and mean scores, time from anesthesia induction to release, operative time, time to rescue dose of analgesic in the PACU and time to PACU discharge. RESULTS:Total narcotic administration was significantly reduced in patients that underwent preincision RSB compared to those that received conventional LAI, with a mean of 0.112 mg/kg of morphine versus 0.290 mg/kg morphine (p<0.0001). Patients undergoing RSB reported lower initial (0.38 vs. 2.38; p<0.0001) and mean pain scores (1.26 vs. 1.77; p<0.015). Time to rescue analgesia was prolonged in patients undergoing RSB compared to LAI (58.93min vs. 41.56min; p=0.047). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Preincision RSB for TULA in uncomplicated appendicitis in children is associated with decreased opioid consumption and lower pain scores compared with LAI. As the addition of this procedure only added 6.67min to time under anesthesia, we feel that it is a viable option for postoperative pain control in pediatric single-incision laparoscopic surgery. RETROSPECTIVE COMPARATIVE STUDY/UNASSIGNED:LEVEL III EVIDENCE.
PMID: 28610706
ISSN: 1531-5037
CID: 5054302

Closed-Loop Communication Improves Task Completion in Pediatric Trauma Resuscitation

El-Shafy, Ibrahim Abd; Delgado, Jennifer; Akerman, Meredith; Bullaro, Francesca; Christopherson, Nathan A M; Prince, Jose M
BACKGROUND:Pediatric trauma care requires effective and clear communication in a time-sensitive manner amongst a variety of disciplines. Programs such as Crew Resource Management in aviation have been developed to systematically prevent errors. Similarly, teamSTEPPS has been promoted in healthcare with a strong focus on communication. We aim to evaluate the ability of closed-loop communication to improve time-to-task completion in pediatric trauma activations. METHODS:All pediatric trauma activations from January to September, 2016 at an American College of Surgeons verified level I pediatric trauma center were video recorded and included in the study. Two independent reviewers identified and classified all verbal orders issued by the trauma team leader for order audibility, directed responsibility, check-back, and time-to-task-completion. The impact of pre-notification and level of activation on time-to-task-completion was also evaluated. All analyses were performed using SAS® version 9.4(SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC). RESULTS:In total, 89 trauma activation videos were reviewed, with 387 verbal orders identified. Of those, 126(32.6%) were directed, 372(96.1%) audible, and 101(26.1%) closed-loop. On average each order required 3.85 minutes to be completed. There was a significant reduction in time-to-task-completion when closed-loop communication was utilized (p < 0.0001). Orders with closed-loop communication were completed 3.6 times sooner as compared to orders with an open-loop [HR = 3.6 (95% CI: 2.5, 5.3)]. There was not a significant difference in time-to-task-completion with respect to pre-notification by emergency service providers (p < 0.6100). [HR = 1.1 (95% CI: 0.9, 1.3)]. There was also not a significant difference in time-to-task-completion with respect to level of trauma team activation (p < 0.2229). [HR = 1.3 (95% CI: 0.8, 2.1)]. CONCLUSION:While closed-loop communication prevents medical errors, our study highlights the potential to increase the speed and efficiency with which tasks are completed in the setting of pediatric trauma resuscitation. Trauma drills and systems of communication that emphasize the use of closed-loop communication should be incorporated into the training of trauma team leaders. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:This is a prospective observational study with intervention level II evidence.
PMID: 28780315
ISSN: 1878-7452
CID: 5030112