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When the Process Is the Problem: Racial/Ethnic and Language Disparities in Care Management

Wang, Priscilla G; Rowe, Jack S; Manaskie, Michelle; Flom, Megan; Vienneau, Maryann; Vogeli, Christine; Adams, Ayrenne; Dankers, Christian; Flaster, Amy O
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:Achieving health equity requires addressing disparities at every level of care delivery. Yet, little literature exists examining racial/ethnic disparities in processes of high-risk care management, a foundational tool for population health. This study sought to determine whether race, ethnicity, and language are associated with patient entry into and service intensity within a large care management program. DESIGN/METHODS:Retrospective cohort study. METHODS:Subjects were 23,836 adult patients eligible for the program between 2015 and 2018. Adjusting for demographics, utilization, and medical risk, we analyzed the association between race/ethnicity and language and outcomes of patient selection, enrollment, care plan completion, and care management encounters. RESULTS:Among all identified as eligible by an algorithm, Asian and Spanish-speaking patients had significantly lower odds of being selected by physicians for care management [OR 0.74 (0.58-0.93), OR 0.79 (0.64-0.97)] compared with White and English-speaking patients, respectively. Once selected, Hispanic/Latino and Asian patients had significantly lower odds compared to White counterparts of having care plans completed by care managers [OR 0.69 (0.50-0.97), 0.50 (0.32-0.79), respectively]. Patients speaking languages other than English or Spanish had a lower odds of care plan completion and had fewer staff encounters than English-speaking counterparts [OR 0.62 (0.44-0.87), RR 0.87 (0.75-1.00), respectively]. CONCLUSIONS:Race/ethnicity and language-based disparities exist at every process level within a large health system's care management program, from selection to outreach. These results underscore the importance of assessing for disparities not just in outcomes but also in program processes, to prevent population health innovations from inadvertently creating new inequities.
PMID: 36481995
ISSN: 2196-8837
CID: 5383152

Ensuring Progress Toward Racial Equity in Pulse Oximetry

Adams, Ayrenne; Cho, Hyung J
PMID: 36342695
ISSN: 2168-6114
CID: 5357072

Building Confidence in COVID-19 Vaccines Through Effective Communication

Madad, Syra; Davis, Nichola J; Adams, Ayrenne; Rosenstock, Philip; Dhagat, Priya; Kalyanaraman Marcello, Roopa
PMID: 34919473
ISSN: 2326-5108
CID: 5109902

Identification of Racial Inequities in Access to Specialized Inpatient Heart Failure Care at an Academic Medical Center

Eberly, Lauren A; Richterman, Aaron; Beckett, Anne G; Wispelwey, Bram; Marsh, Regan H; Cleveland Manchanda, Emily C; Chang, Cindy Y; Glynn, Robert J; Brooks, Katherine C; Boxer, Robert; Kakoza, Rose; Goldsmith, Jennifer; Loscalzo, Joseph; Morse, Michelle; Lewis, Eldrin F; Abel, Samantha; Adams, Ayrenne; Anaya, Joseph; Andrews, Erik H; Atkinson, Benjamin; Avutu, Viswatej; Bachorik, Alexandra; Badri, Omar; Bailey, Mariel; Baird, Katie; Bakshi, Salina; Balaban, Denis; Barshop, Kenneth; Baumrin, Emily; Bayomy, Omar; Beamesderfer, Julia; Becker, Nora; Berg, David D; Berman, Adam N; Blum, Steven M; Boardman, Alexander P; Boden, Kaeleen; Bonacci, Robert A; Brown, Sarah; Campbell, Kirsti; Case, Siobhan; Cetrone, Emily; Charrow, Alexandra; Chiang, David; Clark, Devin; Cohen, Aaron J; Cooper, Alissa; Cordova, Tomas; Cuneo, C Nicholas; de Feria, Alsina Alejandro; Deffenbacher, Karen; DeFilippis, Ersilia M; DeGregorio, Geneva; Deutsch, Aaron J; Diephuis, Bradford; Divakaran, Sanjay; Dorschner, Peter; Downing, Nicholas; Drescher, Caitlin; D'Silva, Kristin M; Dunbar, Peter; Duong, David; Earp, Sarah; Eckhardt, Christine; Elman, Scott A; England, Ross; Everett, Kay; Fedotova, Natalie; Feingold-Link, Tamara; Ferreira, Mark; Fisher, Herrick; Foo, Patricia; Foote, Michael; Franco, Idalid; Gilliland, Thomas; Greb, Jacqueline; Greco, Katherine; Grewal, Sungat; Grin, Benjamin; Growdon, Matthew E; Guercio, Brendan; Hahn, Cynthia K; Hasselfeld, Brian; Haydu, Erika J; Hermes, Zachary; Hildick-Smith, Gordon; Holcomb, Zachary; Holroyd, Kathryn; Horton, Laura; Huang, George; Jablonski, Stanley; Jacobs, Douglas; Jain, Nina; Japa, Sohan; Joseph, Richard; Kalashnikova, Mariya; Kalwani, Neil; Kang, Daniel; Karan, Abraar; Katz, Joel T; Kellner, Daniel; Kidia, Khameer; Kim, June-Ho; Knowles, Scott M; Kolbe, Laura; Kore, Idil; Koullias, Yiannis; Kuye, Ifedayo; Lang, Joshua; Lawlor, Matthew; Lechner, Melissa G; Lee, Ken; Lee, Scott; Lee, Zachary; Limaye, Neha; Lin-Beckford, Stephanie; Lipsyc, Marla; Little, Jessica; Loewenthal, Julia; Logaraj, Ranjani; Lopez, Diana M; Loriaux, Daniel; Lu, Yi; Ma, Kevin; Marukian, Nareh; Matias, Wilfredo; Mayers, Jared R; McConnell, Ian; McLaughlin, Michael; Meade, Christina; Meador, Catherine; Mehta, Anish; Messenger, Elizabeth; Michaelidis, Constantinos; Mirsky, Jacob; Mitten, Emilie; Mueller, Alisa; Mullur, Jyotsna; Munir, Amir; Murphy, Emily; Nagami, Ellen; Natarajan, Abirami; Nsahlai, Michelle; Nze, Chijioke; Okwara, Noreen; Olds, Peter; Paez, Rafael; Pardo, Michael; Patel, Siddharth; Petersen, Alec; Phelan, Laura; Pimenta, Erica; Pipilas, Daniel; Plovanich, Molly; Pong, Denise; Powers, Brian W; Rao, Anita; Ramirez Batlle, Haiyan; Ramsis, Mattheus; Reichardt, Anna; Reiger, Sheridan; Rengarajan, Michelle; Rico, Stephanie; Rome, Benjamin N; Rosales, Rachael; Rotenstein, Lisa; Roy, Alexis; Royston, Sarah; Rozansky, Hallie; Rudder, Meghan; Ryan, Christine E; Salgado, Sanjay; Sanchez, Pablo; Schulte, Jennifer; Sekar, Aswin; Semenkovich, Nicholas; Shannon, Evan; Shaw, Neil; Shorten, Andrew Ben; Shrauner, William; Sinnenberg, Lauren; Smithy, James W; Snyder, Gregory; Sreekrishnan, Anirudh; Stabenau, Hans; Stavrou, Eleni; Stergachis, Andrew; Stern, Robert; Stone, Alexander; Tabrizi, Shervin; Tanyos, Sam; Thomas, Cristina; Thun, Haley; Torres-Lockhart, Kristine; Tran, An; Treasure, Carolyn; Tsai, Frederick D; Tsaur, Stephen; Tschirhart, Evan; Tuwatananurak, Justin; Venkateswaran, Ramkumar V; Vishnevetsky, Anastasia; Wahl, Lindsay; Wall, April; Wallace, Frances; Walsh, Elisa; Wang, Priscilla; Ward, Heather B; Warner, Lindsay N; Weeks, Lachelle D; Weiskopf, Kipp; Wengrod, Jordan; Williams, Jessica N; Winkler, Marisa; Wong, Jeffrey L; Worster, Devin; Wright, Aileen; Wunsch, Caroline; Wynter, Jamila S; Yarbrough, Chase; Yau, Wai-Ying; Yazdi, Daniel; Yeh, Jennifer; Yialamas, Maria A; Yozamp, Nicholas; Zambrotta, Marina; Zon, Rebecca
BACKGROUND:Racial inequities for patients with heart failure (HF) have been widely documented. HF patients who receive cardiology care during a hospital admission have better outcomes. It is unknown whether there are differences in admission to a cardiology or general medicine service by race. This study examined the relationship between race and admission service, and its effect on 30-day readmission and mortality Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study from September 2008 to November 2017 at a single large urban academic referral center of all patients self-referred to the emergency department and admitted to either the cardiology or general medicine service with a principal diagnosis of HF, who self-identified as white, black, or Latinx. We used multivariable generalized estimating equation models to assess the relationship between race and admission to the cardiology service. We used Cox regression to assess the association between race, admission service, and 30-day readmission and mortality. RESULTS:Among 1967 unique patients (66.7% white, 23.6% black, and 9.7% Latinx), black and Latinx patients had lower rates of admission to the cardiology service than white patients (adjusted rate ratio, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.84-0.98, for black; adjusted rate ratio, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.72-0.97 for Latinx). Female sex and age >75 years were also independently associated with lower rates of admission to the cardiology service. Admission to the cardiology service was independently associated with decreased readmission within 30 days, independent of race. CONCLUSIONS:Black and Latinx patients were less likely to be admitted to cardiology for HF care. This inequity may, in part, drive racial inequities in HF outcomes.
PMCID:7183732
PMID: 31658831
ISSN: 1941-3297
CID: 4591282

A TALE OF TWO KROGERS: DEVELOPING AN INTEGRATED SOCIAL MEDICINE & SERVICE LEARNING CURRICULUM [Meeting Abstract]

Adams, Ayrenne; Bepo, Lurit; Bussey-Jones, Jada C.; George, Maura; Stahl, Natalie
ISI:000392201603168
ISSN: 0884-8734
CID: 4591292