SARS2-CoV-2 and Stroke in a New York Healthcare System
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE:With the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during the current worldwide pandemic, there is mounting evidence that patients affected by the illness may develop clinically significant coagulopathy with thromboembolic complications including ischemic stroke. However, there is limited data on the clinical characteristics, stroke mechanism, and outcomes of patients who have a stroke and COVID-19. METHODS:We conducted a retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients with ischemic stroke who were hospitalized between March 15, 2020, and April 19, 2020, within a major health system in New York, the current global epicenter of the pandemic. We compared the clinical characteristics of stroke patients with a concurrent diagnosis of COVID-19 to stroke patients without COVID-19 (contemporary controls). In addition, we compared patients to a historical cohort of patients with ischemic stroke discharged from our hospital system between March 15, 2019, and April 15, 2019 (historical controls). RESULTS:<0.001). When compared with contemporary controls, COVID-19 positive patients had higher admission National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score and higher peak D-dimer levels. When compared with historical controls, COVID-19 positive patients were more likely to be younger men with elevated troponin, higher admission National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, and higher erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Patients with COVID-19 and stroke had significantly higher mortality than historical and contemporary controls. CONCLUSIONS:We observed a low rate of imaging-confirmed ischemic stroke in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Most strokes were cryptogenic, possibly related to an acquired hypercoagulability, and mortality was increased. Studies are needed to determine the utility of therapeutic anticoagulation for stroke and other thrombotic event prevention in patients with COVID-19.
The role of very high high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels on mortality after stroke
High-sensitivity C-reaction protein (hsCRP) levels are correlated with risk of vascular disease. The clinical implications of markedly elevated hsCRP levels in the setting of acute stroke are less understood.
Addition of hyperacute MRI AIDS in patient selection, decreasing the use of endovascular stroke therapy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE:The failure of recent trials to show the effectiveness of acute endovascular stroke therapy (EST) may be because of inadequate patient selection. We implemented a protocol to perform pretreatment MRI on patients with large-vessel occlusion eligible for EST to aid in patient selection. METHODS:We retrospectively identified patients with large-vessel occlusion considered for EST from January 2008 to August 2012. Patients before April 30, 2010, were selected based on computed tomography/computed tomography angiography (prehyperacute protocol), whereas patients on or after April 30, 2010, were selected based on computed tomography/computed tomography angiography and MRI (hyperacute MRI protocol). Demographic, clinical features, and outcomes were collected. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS:We identified 267 patients: 88 patients in prehyperacute MRI period and 179 in hyperacute MRI period. Fewer patients evaluated in the hyperacute MRI period received EST (85 of 88, 96.6% versus 92 of 179, 51.7%; P<0.05). The hyperacute-MRI group had a more favorable outcome of a modified Rankin scale 0 to 2 at 30 days as a group (6 of 66, 9.1% versus 33 of 140, 23.6%; P=0.01), and when taken for EST (6 of 63, 9.5% versus 17 of 71, 23.9%; P=0.03). On adjusted multivariate analysis, the EST in the hyperacute MRI period was associated with a more favorable outcome (odds ratio, 3.4; 95% confidence interval, 1.1-10.6; P=0.03) and reduced mortality rate (odds ratio, 0.16; 95% confidence interval, 0.03-0.37; P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS:Implementation of hyperacute MRI protocol decreases the number of endovascular stroke interventions by half. Further investigation of MRI use for patient selection is warranted.
Older is colder: Temperature range and variation in the elderly. [Meeting Abstract]