Try a new search

Format these results:

Searched for:



Total Results:


Association of A Dilated Coronary Sinus in the Fetus with Actual and Apparent Coarctation of the Aorta and Diminutive Left Heart Structures

Ramaswamy, Prema; Rafii, Daniela; Osmolovsky, Marina; Agarwal, Arpit; Amirtharaj, Cynthia
Evidence suggests an association between left heart obstructive lesions and dilated coronary sinus (DCS), but this has not been studied in fetuses. A retrospective review of fetal echocardiograms (FE) over an 8-year period was conducted, and patients with DCS were identified and confirmed postnatally. There were 5840 FE performed on 4920 women during this period. Of 49 patients with DCS, 22 had normal intracardiac anatomy and 27 patients had congenital heart disease (CHD) yielding an incidence of 4.6 % in the presence of CHD (27/584). Of 27 patients with DCS and CHD, approximately a third had either hypoplastic left ventricles and/or coarctations (10/27, 37 %). The incidence of left heart obstructive lesions was much higher in the presence of a DCS (37 % vs 45/557, 8 %, p < 0.0001). The odds ratio of left heart hypoplasia in fetuses with CHD and a DCS was 6.6 (95 % CI 2.8-15.3). Comparison of patients with postnatally confirmed coarctation with those with normal intracardiac anatomy with DCS, revealed that in the former, the right ventricle (p = 0.005), pulmonic valve annulus (p = 0.0001) and the tricuspid inflow were larger (p = 0.001) compared to corresponding left-sided structures. The size of the DCS was not significantly different between the two groups, but in the former, the DCS was more closely related to the posterior leaflet of the mitral valve and caused a significant diminution of the mitral inflow. Our study suggests a strong association, possibly causal, between left heart obstructive lesions and DCS in utero.
PMID: 27558552
ISSN: 1432-1971
CID: 3098462

Intravenous immunoglobulins in severe Guillian-Barre syndrome in childhood

Shanbag, Preeti; Amirtharaj, Cynthia; Pathak, Ashish
OBJECTIVE: This is a retrospective analysis of 25 children with severe Guillain-Barre syndrome admitted to our PICU. METHOD: All children were treated with intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) in a dose of 2 g/kg body weight over 2-5 days in addition to supportive and respiratory care. Seventeen children were elective admissions to the PICU whereas 8 children were transferred from other hospitals in a critical condition. Five of 8 of the late referrals died as compared to none of the elective admissions. RESULT: All 8 of the late referrals required mechanical ventilation as against 3 of the 17 elective admissions. Mean duration of PICU stay in the late referrals was 27 days as compared to 15 days in the elective admissions. CONCLUSION: The authors concur with previously published reports, that early use of IVIG could reduce the mortality and the need for intubation and mechanical ventilation.
PMID: 12940374
ISSN: 0019-5456
CID: 1730462