Recurrence of Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura after mRNA-1273 COVID-19 Vaccine Administered Shortly after COVID-19 [Case Report]
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a potentially life-threatening consumptive coagulopathy requiring emergent diagnosis and timely treatment. It is characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia with the development of microthrombi caused by inherited or acquired deficiency of the von Willebrand factor-cleaving protease ADAMTS13 and resulting end-organ damage. Most of the cases are the result of acquired deficiency of ADAMTS13, for which the exact etiology is unknown but reported to be related to various autoimmune disorders, infections, and medications. Our case report features of a patient with a history of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, who developed a recurrence of TTP 5â€‰days after his first dose of the mRNA Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine (mRNA-1273 vaccine) in the setting of recent COVID-19. The close temporal association between vaccine administration, recent COVID-19, and relapse of remitted TTP raises concern for an enhanced immune reaction to COVID-19 vaccine in the setting of recent COVID-19 and underlying autoimmune disease. The association is not absolute, but given the novelty of COVID-19 and the mRNA COVID-19 vaccine and the relapse timing, it leads us to pose this hypothesis. Vaccine distribution to a larger and more diverse population will allow for an increased rate of adverse event reporting. This case report exemplifies potential safety issues that may be encountered with new vaccine administration in patients with recent COVID-19 and underlying autoimmune disease. There are no specific recommendations for COVID-19 vaccine administration in such patients.
Attempted suicide and oxytocin-related gene polymorphisms
BACKGROUND:Oxytocin may moderate prosocial behaviors, but has also been implicated in negative mental health outcomes. A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR), rs53576, and a SNP of the CD38 gene, which regulates oxytocin secretion, rs3796863, have been associated with depression and suicidal ideation. METHODS:We conducted an exploratory study investigating the relationship of these two SNPs to history of suicide attempt. Secondary analyses explored relationships of genotype with sex, diagnosis, history of abuse, depression, suicidal ideation, and attachment and personality traits. Subjects were depressed adults with DSM-IV major depressive disorder (MDD; nâ€¯=â€¯161) or bipolar disorder (BD; nâ€¯=â€¯75). RESULTS:The A allele of rs53576 was associated with suicide attempt history. A differential effect of rs3796863 genotype on suicide attempt risk was found by diagnosis. In the BD sample, CC and AC genotypes were associated with higher odds of suicide attempt compared to AA, while in the MDD sample, AC subjects were more likely than CC subjects to have made an attempt. LIMITATIONS:Our assessment of social sensitivity was limited to measures of attachment style and abuse history and did not differentiate between types of abuse. Plasma oxytocin was not measured. CONCLUSIONS:These findings add to evidence for the involvement of oxytocin in suicide attempts and identify a potential biomarker for differentiating depressed attempters from non-attempters.