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Elective intubation for laser retinopexy treatment of severe ROP is not associated with increased morbidity or length of stay

Angert, R; Jones-Bamman, C; Moon, J-Y; Mian, U K
BACKGROUND:Laser retinopexy is the current standard treatment for babies with type I retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). No guidelines exist for respiratory management during this procedure. Although neonatologists prefer to avoid intubation to prevent delays in extubation, feeding and discharge, ophthalmologists often request intubation, because sedation alone may lead to respiratory collapse. Little evidence is available regarding which treatment provides the most benefit to vulnerable infants. OBJECTIVE:This study investigated relevant associations or underlying conditions that may help guide decision-making in respiratory management during laser retinopexy. METHODS:A retrospective chart review was performed to analyze data from babies who underwent retinopexy from 2006 to 2011 at the Montefiore Medical Center. The main outcome measures included respiratory support before, during and after laser therapy; time from treatment to extubation; and time from treatment to discharge. RESULTS:The main outcomes were analyzed in four groups: never intubated (n = 27), emergently intubated (n = 7), already intubated (n = 8) and electively intubated (n = 28). No significant differences were observed in the number of pre-operative apneic/bradycardic events, postoperative time to extubation, time to discharge and delays in feeding among groups. CONCLUSIONS:No specific comorbid conditions were found to predict a need for intubation. Elective intubation did not cause delays in feedings, extubation or discharge. A selective approach to respiratory support would result in 20% of initially non-intubated patients requiring emergent intubation.
PMID: 36530093
ISSN: 1878-4429
CID: 5431812

Part 5: Essentials of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine Fellowship: evaluation of competence and proficiency using Milestones

Carbajal, Melissa M; Dadiz, Rita; Sawyer, Taylor; Kane, Sara; Frost, Mackenzie; Angert, Robert
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Pediatric Subspecialty Milestone Project competencies are used for Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine (NPM) fellows. Milestones are longitudinal markers that range from novice to expert (levels 1-5). There is no standard approach to the required biannual evaluation of fellows by fellowship programs, resulting in significant variability among programs regarding procedural experience and exposure to pathology during clinical training. In this paper, we discuss the opportunities that Milestones provide, potential strategies to address challenges, and future directions.
PMID: 35149835
ISSN: 1476-5543
CID: 5156342

Dexmedetomidine versus intermittent morphine for sedation of neonates with encephalopathy undergoing therapeutic hypothermia

Cosnahan, Anna S; Angert, Robert M; Jano, Eni; Wachtel, Elena V
OBJECTIVE:In March 2019, the sedative in the therapeutic hypothermia protocol at Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health changed from morphine to dexmedetomidine. This study evaluated the impact of this change on efficacy and safety parameters. STUDY DESIGN/METHODS:This was a retrospective, observational cohort study including neonates with HIE undergoing therapeutic hypothermia (N = 70) at two regional perinatal medical centers. RESULTS:Baseline demographics, pain scores, hemodynamics, and time to enteral feeds were similar between dexmedetomidine (N = 34) and morphine (N = 36) patients. Dexmedetomidine patients received more breakthrough morphine (0.13 ± 0.13 vs 0.04 ± 0.09 mg/kg, p = 0.001), but less cumulative morphine (0.13 ± 0.13 vs 1.79 ± 0.23 mg/kg, p < 0.0001). Morphine patients on invasive ventilation required increased support (0 vs 31.58%, p = 0.02). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Dexmedetomidine is effective and safe for sedation and analgesia during therapeutic hypothermia. It reduced total opioid usage, with no increased incidence of adverse events.
PMID: 33649447
ISSN: 1476-5543
CID: 4801292

Is Communication Improved With the Implementation of an Obstetrical Version of the World Health Organization Safe Surgery Checklist?

Govindappagari, Shravya; Guardado, Amanda; Goffman, Dena; Bernstein, Jeffrey; Lee, Colleen; Schonfeld, Sara; Angert, Robert; McGowan, Andrea; Bernstein, Peter S
OBJECTIVE:Communication failures are consistently seen as a root cause of preventable adverse outcomes in obstetrics. We assessed whether use of an Obstetric Safe Surgery Checklist for cesarean deliveries (CDs), based on the WHO Safe Surgery Checklist, can improve communication; reduce team member confusion about urgency of the case; and decrease documentation discrepancies among nursing, obstetric, anesthesia, and pediatric staff. METHODS:Retrospective review of 600 CDs on our 2 labor and delivery suites before and after the introduction of 2 consecutive versions of our obstetric safe surgery checklist (100 cases in each cohort) was undertaken. The first version was released in 2010, and after modifications based on initial findings, our current version was released in 2014. One hundred consecutive CDs were identified from each of the 3 periods at each hospital, and charts for those patients and newborns were abstracted. Notes by obstetricians, nurses, anesthesiologists, and pediatricians were reviewed. We compared the rates of agreement in the documentation of the indication for the CD between the different members of the team. Chi-square analyses were performed. RESULTS:Complete agreement among the 4 specialties in the documented indication for CD before introduction of our initial safe surgery checklist was noted in 59% (n = 118) of cases. After initial checklist introduction, agreement decreased to 43% (n = 86; P = 0.002). We then modified our checklist to include indication for CD and level of urgency and changed our policy to include pediatric staff participation in the timeout. Agreement in a subsequent chart review increased to 80% (n = 160), significantly better than in our initial analysis (P < 0.001) and our interim review (P < 0.001). The greatest improvement in agreement was observed between obstetricians and pediatricians. CONCLUSIONS:Implementation of a safe surgery checklist can improve communication at CDs, but care should be taken when implementing checklists because they can have unanticipated consequences. Ongoing review and modification are critical to ensure safer medical care.
PMID: 27611770
ISSN: 1549-8425
CID: 3189682

Exchange Transfusion Simulation Models: A Technical Report

Rosen, Orna; Angert, Robert
This technical report describes the creation of two exchange transfusion models in the newborn. These are low cost, easy to assemble, authentic, and realistic task trainers that provide the opportunity for neonatal providers to practice this rare, life-saving procedure. A critical action checklist is included to guide the simulated procedure. Also included is a suggested clinical scenario with optional complications and variations.
PMID: 31588385
ISSN: 2168-8184
CID: 4130482

Case 2: Rapidly Growing Neck Mass in an Extremely Preterm Infant with Pulmonary Hypertension

Pattnaik, Priyam; Levin, Terry; Gagne, Samuel; Angert, Robert
PMID: 31261064
ISSN: 1526-9906
CID: 3967912

Meningomyelocele Simulation Model: Pre-surgical Management-Technical Report

Rosen, Orna; Angert, Robert M
This technical report describes the creation of a myelomeningocele model of a newborn baby. This is a simple, low-cost, and easy-to-assemble model that allows the medical team to practice the delivery room management of a newborn with myelomeningocele. The report includes scenarios and a suggested checklist with which the model can be employed.
PMID: 29713576
ISSN: 2168-8184
CID: 3057002

Non-central peripherally inserted central catheters in neonatal intensive care: complication rates and longevity of catheters relative to tip position

Goldwasser, Bernard; Baia, Catalina; Kim, Mimi; Taragin, Benjamin H; Angert, Robert M
BACKGROUND:Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) represent a mainstay of intravascular access in the neonatal intensive care setting when long-term vascular access is needed. Ideally, PICCs should be inserted and maintained in a central position with the tip ending in the superior or inferior vena cava. This is not always achievable, and sometimes the tip remains in a peripheral location. Higher complication rates have been reported with non-central PICCs; however these findings have not been confirmed in a solely neonatal series and PICCs with tips in peripheral veins have not been studied. OBJECTIVE:To compare complication rates and length of catheter duration related to PICC position in neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS/METHODS:We conducted a retrospective analysis of all PICCs inserted in term and preterm infants in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit between May 2007 and December 2009. A single pediatric radiologist reinterpreted the catheter tip site on initial anteroposterior (AP) chest radiographs and categorized sites as central (superior vena cava, inferior vena cava, brachiocephalic vein), intermediate (subclavian, axillary, common or external iliac veins), or peripheral (veins peripheral to axillary or external iliac veins). We analyzed complication rates and length of catheter duration among the three categories. RESULTS:We collected data on a total of 176 PICCs. Infants with PICCs in a central location had a significantly lower complication rate (18/97, 19%) than those with the PICC tip in an intermediate (24/64, 38%) or peripheral (9/15, 60%) locations (P=0.0003). Length of catheter duration was noted to be longest with central, intermediate with intermediate, and shortest with peripheral PICC tip locations (17.7±14.8 days for central vs. 11.4±10.7 days for intermediate vs. 5.4±2.5 days for peripheral, P=0.0003). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:A central location is ideal for the tip of a PICC. When this is not achievable, an intermediate location is preferable to a more peripheral position.
PMID: 28765996
ISSN: 1432-1998
CID: 3014982

Babyboy/Babygirl: A National Survey on the Use of Temporary, Nondistinct Naming Conventions for Newborns in Neonatal Intensive Care Units

Adelman, Jason S; Aschner, Judy L; Schechter, Clyde B; Angert, Robert M; Weiss, Jeffrey M; Rai, Amisha; Parakkattu, Vibin; Goffman, Dena; Applebaum, Jo R; Racine, Andrew D; Southern, William N
PMID: 28403654
ISSN: 1938-2707
CID: 3014962

Universal Cervical Length Screening and Antenatal Corticosteroid Timing

Sahasrabudhe, Nicole; Igel, Catherine; Echevarria, Ghislaine C; Dar, Pe'er; Wolfe, Diana; Bernstein, Peter S; Angert, Robert; Dayal, Ashlesha; Gallagher, Patience; Rosner, Mara
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between universal transvaginal screening for short cervical length in the second trimester and the timing of antenatal corticosteroids. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients with nonanomalous singleton gestations and spontaneous preterm birth between 24 and 34 weeks of gestation after the initiation of a universal transvaginal cervical length screening program between October 2012 and August 2015. Our primary outcome was antenatal corticosteroid administration to a delivery interval of fewer than 7 days. Secondary outcomes were delivery 24 hours to 7 days after the initial steroid injection, steroid administration to delivery interval, neonatal survival, neonatal intensive care unit length of stay, and respiratory distress syndrome. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate the association between antenatal corticosteroid timing and the diagnosis of a short cervix adjusted for potential confounders. RESULTS: Among 266 eligible patients, 69 with a short cervical length and 197 without a short cervical length were identified. There were no statistically significant differences in baseline characteristics between the groups. During the study period, 64 of 69 (92.8%) of patients with a short cervix and 176 of 197 (89.3%) without a short cervix received at least one steroid injection before delivery (P=.411). Steroids were given within 7 days of delivery in 33 of 69 (47.8) patients with a short cervix compared with 126 of 197 (64%) patients in the no short cervix group (P=.015; adjusted odds ratio 0.51, 95% confidence interval 0.29-0.9). Median interval between steroid administration and delivery was 8 days in patients diagnosed with a short cervix compared with 3 days for those without a short cervical length (P<.001). CONCLUSION: Patients identified as having a short cervical length by universal transvaginal ultrasound screening were at greater risk of delivering more than 7 days after the initiation of corticosteroids for fetal lung maturation compared with women without a short cervical length.
PMID: 28486361
ISSN: 1873-233x
CID: 2634982