Commentary on: High superficial musculoaponeurotic system facelift with finger-assisted facial spaces dissection for Asian patients [Comment]
Fat transfer in 2014: what we do not know [Editorial]
Obituary: Remembering the legacy of Dr. William W. Shaw [Obituary]
The percutaneous trampoline platysmaplasty: technique and experience with 105 consecutive patients
BACKGROUND:Controversy persists regarding the optimal procedure to rejuvenate the aging neck. More invasive procedures carry increased risks of complications, whereas less invasive approaches may deliver marginal results. The challenge is selecting the appropriate procedure for delivering consistent, durable results meeting both the patient's and surgeon's expectations. OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:The authors describe their trampoline platysmaplasty (TPP) approach, a percutaneous suture suspension necklift that constitutes a less invasive approach for neck rejuvenation. METHODS:A retrospective study was conducted of 105 consecutive patients who underwent TPP. Age, sex, procedure(s) performed, complications, and patient satisfaction were recorded. Cadaver studies were conducted to compare the tensile strength of the ligaments that anchor the TPP to the tensile strength of the sutures placed to approximate the medial platysma borders. In addition, the accuracy of light transillumination to determine depth of travel of the light-emitting diode (LED) lighted rod was evaluated. RESULTS:Patients underwent either TPP alone (18 women, 24 men) or TPP with a facelift (35 women, 28 men) between October 2007 and June 2009. The average age of the patients was 52 years, and average length of follow-up was 33 months. Patient satisfaction was high. Three early patients underwent immediate revision to improve results secondary to the suture matrix being too loose. Six additional patients had recurrent banding around one year postoperatively, but correction was achieved in all six by replacing the matrix with the help of the lighted rod. The results of the cadaver study revealed that the tensile strength of the retaining ligaments was statistically identical to the medial platysma borders, and the light transillumination feedback was accurate with regard to the depth of travel of the illuminated rod tip. CONCLUSIONS:The TPP approach for neck rejuvenation is effective and durable in properly-selected patients. It works well as a stand-alone procedure and in conjunction with facelift procedures. It also offers younger patients a less-invasive option to improve neck contours inherited through genetics. After nearly three years of follow-up of the patients in this report, the results appear to be long-lasting.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES:: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Identify and describe the anatomy of and changes to the aging face, including changes in bone mass and structure and changes to the skin, tissue, and muscles. 2. Assess each individual's unique anatomy before embarking on face-lift surgery and incorporate various surgical techniques, including fat grafting and other corrective procedures in addition to shifting existing fat to a higher position on the face, into discussions with patients. 3. Identify risk factors and potential complications in prospective patients. 4. Describe the benefits and risks of various techniques. SUMMARY:: The ability to surgically rejuvenate the aging face has progressed in parallel with plastic surgeons' understanding of facial anatomy. In turn, a more clear explanation now exists for the visible changes seen in the aging face. This article and its associated video content review the current understanding of facial anatomy as it relates to facial aging. The standard face-lift techniques are explained and their various features, both good and bad, are reviewed. The objective is for surgeons to make a better aesthetic diagnosis before embarking on face-lift surgery, and to have the ability to use the appropriate technique depending on the clinical situation
Perioperative management of antidepressants and herbal medications in elective plastic surgery
BACKGROUND: Patients seeking elective aesthetic surgery often use herbal medications and/or antidepressants. As the popularity of these medications grows, the plastic surgeon must become familiar with these drugs and their potentially harmful effects during the perioperative period. METHODS: The authors performed a PubMed search to identify commonly used herbs and antidepressants and their effects on patients during elective cosmetic surgery. RESULTS: Case series, studies, and reviews for 29 of the most common herbs and antidepressant medications were obtained from this search. On the basis of the existing data, the authors established recommendations for the management of these medications before elective cosmetic surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Most commonly used herbs and antidepressant medications have potentially deleterious effects on the patient during surgery, ranging from increased risk of bleeding to fatal interactions. The plastic surgeon must be familiar with these drugs to manage these patients appropriately
Aesthetic plastic surgery
[Philadelphia PA] : W B Saunders, 2009
Extent: ? p.
Lower lid deformity secondary to autogenous fat transfer: a cautionary tale [Case Report]
Although autogenous fat grafting is performed with increasing frequency, its safety around the periorbital area remains ill defined. This article presents the case of a young woman whose tear troughs were treated using autogenous fat transfer (AFT), with resultant bilateral lower lid deformities. Secondary correction of this aesthetic deformity caused by AFT to the tear trough proved extremely difficult and resulted in a temporary lower lid ectropion. After resolution of her ectropion, the patient was very satisfied with her postoperative appearance. The authors recommend a judicious approach to the correction of this deformity with AFT until objective outcome studies on this technique become more widely available
Revisional neck surgery
Successful management of orbital cellulitis and temporary visual loss after blepharoplasty [Case Report]