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American Gastroenterological Association-Proposed Fecal Calprotectin Cutoff of 50 ug/g is Associated With Endoscopic Recurrence in a Real-World Cohort of Patients With Crohn's Disease Post-ileocolic Resection

Li, Terry; Shah, Ravi; Click, Benjamin; Cohen, Benjamin L; Barnes, Edward; Joseph, Abel; Bachour, Salam; Hu, Jessica; Contreras, Susell; Li, Elizabeth; Axelrad, Jordan
BACKGROUND/UNASSIGNED:Fecal calprotectin (FC) is a reliable predictor of active bowel inflammation in postoperative Crohn's disease (CD), but cutoffs vary between studies. Recent guidelines recommend a cutoff of <50 ug/g to avoid routine endoscopy in patients at low pretest probability for CD recurrence. We evaluated the performance of this threshold in a real-world CD cohort after ileocolic resection (ICR). METHODS/UNASSIGNED:-test and Fisher's exact test were utilized for statistical analysis. All postoperative FCs were matched to closest colonoscopy within 1 year to calculate sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV). RESULTS/UNASSIGNED: = .005). Median time to first endoscopic recurrence in FC ≥ 50 ug/g was 145 days. There were 39 matched pairs of FC and colonoscopy. At an FC cutoff of 50 ug/g, calculated sensitivity was 90% and NPV was 93%, whereas specificity and PPV were 48% and 38%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS/UNASSIGNED:In this real-world cohort, FC < 50 ug/g is a useful cutoff to exclude endoscopic recurrence in a post-ICR CD population that is at low pretest probability of recurrence.
PMID: 38525200
ISSN: 2631-827x
CID: 5644432

Oral vs Intravenous Discharge Antibiotic Regimens in the Management of Intra-abdominal Abscesses in Penetrating Crohn's Disease

Fansiwala, Kush; Rusher, Alison; Shore, Brandon; Herfarth, Hans H; Barnes, Edward; Kochar, Bharati; Chang, Shannon
BACKGROUND:Antibiotics are a cornerstone in management of intra-abdominal abscesses in Crohn's disease (CD). Yet, the optimal route of antibiotic administration is poorly studied. We aimed to compare surgical and nonsurgical readmission outcomes for patients hospitalized for intra-abdominal abscesses from CD discharged on oral (PO) or intravenous (IV) antibiotics. METHODS:Data for patients with CD hospitalized for an intra-abdominal abscess were obtained from 3 institutions from January 2010 to December 2020. Baseline patient characteristics were obtained. Primary outcomes of interest included need for surgery and hospital readmission within 1 year from hospital discharge. We used multivariable logistic regression models and Cox regression analysis to adjust for abscess size, history of prior surgery, history of penetrating disease, and age. RESULTS:We identified 99 patients discharged on antibiotics (PO = 74, IV = 25). Readmissions related to CD at 12 months were less likely in the IV group (40% vs 77% PO, P = .01), with the IV group demonstrating a decreased risk for nonsurgical readmissions over time (hazard ratio, 0.376; 95% confidence interval, 0.176-0.802). Requirement for surgery was similar between the groups. There were no differences in time to surgery between groups. CONCLUSIONS:In this retrospective, multicenter cohort of CD patients with intra-abdominal abscess, surgical outcomes were similar between patients receiving PO vs IV antibiotics at discharge. Patients treated with IV antibiotics demonstrated a decreased risk for nonsurgical readmission. Further prospective trials are needed to better delineate optimal route of antibiotic administration in patients with penetrating CD.
PMID: 38150318
ISSN: 1536-4844
CID: 5623192