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Pilot implementation of a telemedicine care bundle: Antimicrobial stewardship, patient satisfaction, clinician satisfaction, and usability in patients with sinusitis

Grabinski, Zoe; Leybov, Victoria; Battistich, Sarah; Roberts, Brian; Migliozzi, Zachary; Wang, Yelan; Reddy, Harita; Smith, Silas W.
Background: Telemedicine-specific clinical pathways (CPWs), coupled with electronic health record (EHR) order panels, provide an opportunity to ensure evidence and guideline concordant care for conditions at risk for inconsistent diagnoses and management strategies. Standardized provider and patient-facing illness scripts may fill gaps in clinicians"™ communication skills secondary to a training deficit in virtual care delivery. We aimed to implement and assess the impact of a novel care bundle for sinusitis on antimicrobial use, patient satisfaction, clinician satisfaction, and usability in patients with sinusitis. Methods: A sinusitis care bundle (SCB) for virtual urgent care patients included a sinusitis CPW with communication scripts, sinusitis order panels (SOP), and a patient education smart-phrase (SPESP) within visit instructions. Antimicrobial use was assessed during a 15-month period prior to the start of SCB element implementations and 14-months following, using statistical process control charts. Patient satisfaction was measured using Likert-style surveys. Clinician satisfaction was assessed using a novel survey addressing the SCB-targeted domains (decision support, communication, efficiency, usability, and overall satisfaction). Results: There were 69,785 and 64,019 evaluable patients in the pre-care and post-care bundle periods, respectively. Despite a significant increase in patients receiving a sinusitis diagnosis in the post-care bundle period (3.2% pre- vs. 6.2% post-, p < 0.001), antimicrobial prescribing decreased by 3.9% (p < 0.001), with statistical process control evidence of special cause change. There was a 5.1% decrease (p < 0.001) in negative patient survey responses after implementation. Clinician survey revealed substantial agreement in the domains relating to improving communication with patients and/or families, with the highest satisfaction for the SPESP over the SOP. Conclusions: Implementation of a telemedicine care bundle for patients diagnosed with sinusitis can balance multiple elements of quality care. The combination of a clinical care pathway, standardized language, and order panels within the EHR has the potential to improve patient satisfaction and decrease antimicrobial prescribing.
ISSN: 1357-633x
CID: 5629602