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Urine proteomic signatures of histological class, activity, chronicity, and treatment response in lupus nephritis

Fava, Andrea; Buyon, Jill; Magder, Laurence; Hodgin, Jeff; Rosenberg, Avi; Demeke, Dawit S; Rao, Deepak A; Arazi, Arnon; Celia, Alessandra Ida; Putterman, Chaim; Anolik, Jennifer H; Barnas, Jennifer; Dall'Era, Maria; Wofsy, David; Furie, Richard; Kamen, Diane; Kalunian, Kenneth; James, Judith A; Guthridge, Joel; Atta, Mohamed G; Monroy Trujillo, Jose; Fine, Derek; Clancy, Robert; Belmont, H Michael; Izmirly, Peter; Apruzzese, William; Goldman, Daniel; Berthier, Celine C; Hoover, Paul; Hacohen, Nir; Raychaudhuri, Soumya; Davidson, Anne; Diamond, Betty; ,; Petri, Michelle
Lupus nephritis (LN) is a pathologically heterogenous autoimmune disease linked to end-stage kidney disease and mortality. Better therapeutic strategies are needed as only 30%-40% of patients completely respond to treatment. Noninvasive biomarkers of intrarenal inflammation may guide more precise approaches. Because urine collects the byproducts of kidney inflammation, we studied the urine proteomic profiles of 225 patients with LN (573 samples) in the longitudinal Accelerating Medicines Partnership in RA/SLE cohort. Urinary biomarkers of monocyte/neutrophil degranulation (i.e., PR3, S100A8, azurocidin, catalase, cathepsins, MMP8), macrophage activation (i.e., CD163, CD206, galectin-1), wound healing/matrix degradation (i.e., nidogen-1, decorin), and IL-16 characterized the aggressive proliferative LN classes and significantly correlated with histological activity. A decline of these biomarkers after 3 months of treatment predicted the 1-year response more robustly than proteinuria, the standard of care (AUC: CD206 0.91, EGFR 0.9, CD163 0.89, proteinuria 0.8). Candidate biomarkers were validated and provide potentially treatable targets. We propose these biomarkers of intrarenal immunological activity as noninvasive tools to diagnose LN and guide treatment and as surrogate endpoints for clinical trials. These findings provide insights into the processes involved in LN activity. This data set is a public resource to generate and test hypotheses and validate biomarkers.
PMID: 38258904
ISSN: 2379-3708
CID: 5624822

Thrombosis recurrence and major bleeding in non-anticoagulated thrombotic antiphospholipid syndrome patients: Prospective study from antiphospholipid syndrome alliance for clinical trials and international networking (APS ACTION) clinical database and repository ("Registry")

Yelnik, Cecile M; Erton, Zeynep Belce; Drumez, Elodie; Cheildze, Dachi; de Andrade, Danieli; Clarke, Ann; Tektonidou, Maria G; Sciascia, Savino; Pardos-Gea, Jose; Pengo, Vittorio; Ruiz-Irastorza, Guillermo; Belmont, H Michael; Pedrera, Chary Lopez; Fortin, Paul R; Wahl, Denis; Gerosa, Maria; Kello, Nina; Signorelli, Flavio; Atsumi, Tatsuya; Ji, Lanlan; Efthymiou, Maria; Branch, D Ware; Nalli, Cecilia; Rodriguez-Almaraz, Esther; Petri, Michelle; Cervera, Ricard; Shi, Hui; Zuo, Yu; Artim-Esen, Bahar; Pons-Estel, Guillermo; Willis, Rohan; Barber, Megan R W; Skeith, Leslie; Bertolaccini, Maria Laura; Cohen, Hannah; Roubey, Robert; Erkan, Doruk
BACKGROUND:Long-term anticoagulant therapy is generally recommended for thrombotic antiphospholipid syndrome (TAPS) patients, however it may be withdrawn or not introduced in routine practice. OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:To prospectively evaluate the risk of thrombosis recurrence and major bleeding in non-anticoagulated TAPS patients, compared to anticoagulated TAPS, and secondly, to identify different features between those two groups. PATIENTS/METHODS/METHODS:Using an international registry, we identified non-anticoagulated TAPS patients at baseline, and matched them with anticoagulated TAPS patients based on gender, age, type of previous thrombosis, and associated autoimmune disease. Thrombosis recurrence and major bleeding were prospectively analyzed using Kaplan-Meier method and compared using a marginal Cox's regression model. RESULTS:As of June 2022, 94 (14 %) of the 662 TAPS patients were not anticoagulated; and 93 of them were matched with 181 anticoagulated TAPS patients (median follow-up 5 years [interquartile range 3 to 8]). The 5-year thrombosis recurrence and major bleeding rates were 12 % versus 10 %, and 6 % versus 7 %, respectively (hazard ratio [HR] 1.38, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 0.53 to 3.56, p = 0.50 and HR 0.53; 95 % CI 0.15 to 1.86; p = 0.32, respectively). Non-anticoagulated patients were more likely to receive antiplatelet therapy (p < 0.001), and less likely to have more than one previous thrombosis (p < 0.001) and lupus anticoagulant positivity (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Fourteen percent of the TAPS patients were not anticoagulated at recruitment. Their recurrent thrombosis risk did not differ compared to matched anticoagulated TAPS patients, supporting the pressing need for risk-stratified secondary thrombosis prevention trials in APS investigating strategies other than anticoagulation.
PMID: 38185079
ISSN: 1532-866x
CID: 5628512

Risk Assessment Model for Postpartum Venous Thromboembolism Prevention in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Griffin, Myah M; Engel, Alexis; Mehta-Lee, Shilpi S; Nusbaum, Julie; Golpanian, Michael; Izmirly, Peter; Belmont, H Michael; Buyon, Jill P
OBJECTIVE:This article assesses the application of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk model on a cohort of postpartum patients with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). STUDY DESIGN: < 0.05. RESULTS: = 3) were nevertheless recommended for VTE prophylaxis. No patients had a postpartum VTE regardless of therapy. CONCLUSION:These data reveal a need to improve upon providing postpartum VTE prophylaxis to SLE patients not in remission while also recognizing a diagnosis of SLE alone should not equate with active disease. Moreover, SLE patients in remission may still warrant VTE prophylaxis if other non-SLE-related risk factors are present. KEY POINTS:· Those with SLE are at increased risk for VTE postpartum.. · VTE prophylaxis should be instituted when clinically appropriate.. · Caution should be exercised in broadly assigning disease activity for SLE diagnosis only.. · This study supports VTE prophylaxis use in postpartum patients with SLE..
PMID: 37494484
ISSN: 1098-8785
CID: 5618842

Clinical implications of discordance between anti-dsDNA antibodies by multiplex flow immunoassay and Crithidia luciliae assay in a multiethnic racial cohort of patients with SLE

Zaminski, Devyn; Saxena, Amit; Izmirly, Peter; Buyon, Jill P; Belmont, H Michael
OBJECTIVE:immunofluorescence test (CLIFT). To address the clinical impact of measuring these antibodies by two different assays, this study leveraged a well-phenotyped multiethnic/racial cohort. METHODS:All patients fulfilled the classification criteria for SLE by at least one of the validated schemes: American College of Rheumatology, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus International Collaborating Clinics and/or American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism classification criteria. Patients with one or more simultaneously paired anti-dsDNA by multiplex EIA and CLIFT were identified. Analysis of concordance or discordance, titre comparability of assays and association with hybrid SLE Disease Activity Index score, prevalence of lupus nephritis (LN), ability to predict a flare and classification criteria was performed. RESULTS:207 patients were simultaneously tested by EIA and CLIFT at least once for anti-dsDNA, generating 586 paired results. 377 pairs were concordant and 209 were discordant. 41 of 207 patients always had discordant paired results and 39 patients always had results with titre discordance. In 100 patients with LN, 60 were positive by EIA and 72 by CLIFT. Sensitivities and specificities for patients with LN versus patients without LN were EIA 60% and 47%, and CLIFT 72% and 37%, respectively. 42 patients had flare assessment within 90 days of their paired result. Six of seven patients with mild flares and all four patients with severe flares had concordant positive results. CONCLUSION:Our data demonstrate that discordance of positivity between both assays for anti-dsDNA is relatively common, occurring in a fifth of patients overall and a third of visits. EIA positivity is associated with LN less often than CLIFT positivity. With the significant discordance of results between anti-dsDNA assays, obtaining both CLIFT and EIA assays may be beneficial for classification and routine monitoring of SLE.
PMCID:10649789
PMID: 37963669
ISSN: 2053-8790
CID: 5610132

Microvascular C5b-9 deposition in non-lesional skin in patients with SLE and its correlation with active lupus nephritis: a prospective observational study

Anderson, Meghan; Magro, Cynthia; Belmont, H. Michael
Objective Tissue damage in lupus nephritis (LN) is mediated by activation of the classical complement pathway. Complement-mediated upregulation of endothelial cell adhesion molecules is seen in dermal blood vessels of non-lesional skin of patients with active lupus. In diseases with systemic complement activation, extensive microvascular C5b-9 deposition is seen in non-lesional skin. In this study, we assess the presence of systemic complement pathway activation as determined by non-lesional skin microvascular C5b-9 deposition in patients with LN. Methods Eight patients with active LN and eight patients without active LN underwent non-lesional skin biopsies. Using a diaminobenzidine technique, specimens were evaluated for microvascular C5b-9 consistent with systemic complement pathway activation. Results Five of eight patients with active LN and one of eight patients without active LN demonstrated positive C5b-9 staining in non-lesional skin (p=0.04). Positive non-lesional C5b-9 staining has greater specificity, 87.5%, for active LN than pyuria, low complements, elevated double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) and proteinuria. Urine protein creatinine ratio was significantly higher in patients with positive non-lesional C5b-9 deposition (5.18 vs 1.20; p=0.04). C5b-9 deposition was not associated with a higher NIH Activity Index, interstitial fibrosis, dsDNA or lower complements. Conclusion This is the first study to demonstrate evidence in non-lesional skin of microvascular C5b-9 indicative of systemic complement pathway activation in LN. C5b-9 deposition is statistically more common and demonstrated greater specificity than most historical biomarkers for active LN. The findings support a potential role for microvascular C5b-9 assessment in non-lesional skin as a biomarker for LN activity.
SCOPUS:85176757344
ISSN: 2053-8790
CID: 5614902

The 2023 ACR/EULAR Antiphospholipid Syndrome Classification Criteria

Barbhaiya, Medha; Zuily, Stephane; Naden, Ray; Hendry, Alison; Manneville, Florian; Amigo, Mary-Carmen; Amoura, Zahir; Andrade, Danieli; Andreoli, Laura; Artim-Esen, Bahar; Atsumi, Tatsuya; Avcin, Tadej; Belmont, H Michael; Bertolaccini, Maria Laura; Branch, D Ware; Carvalheiras, Graziela; Casini, Alessandro; Cervera, Ricard; Cohen, Hannah; Costedoat-Chalumeau, Nathalie; Crowther, Mark; de Jesus, Guilherme; Delluc, Aurelien; Desai, Sheetal; De Sancho, Maria; Devreese, Katrien M; Diz-Kucukkaya, Reyhan; Duarte-Garcia, Ali; Frances, Camille; Garcia, David; Gris, Jean-Christophe; Jordan, Natasha; Leaf, Rebecca K; Kello, Nina; Knight, Jason S; Laskin, Carl; Lee, Alfred I; Legault, Kimberly; Levine, Steve R; Levy, Roger A; Limper, Maarten; Lockshin, Michael D; Mayer-Pickel, Karoline; Musial, Jack; Meroni, Pier Luigi; Orsolini, Giovanni; Ortel, Thomas L; Pengo, Vittorio; Petri, Michelle; Pons-Estel, Guillermo; Gomez-Puerta, Jose A; Raimboug, Quentin; Roubey, Robert; Sanna, Giovanni; Seshan, Surya V; Sciascia, Savino; Tektonidou, Maria G; Tincani, Angela; Wahl, Denis; Willis, Rohan; Yelnik, Cecile; Zuily, Catherine; Guillemin, Francis; Costenbader, Karen; Erkan, Doruk; ,
OBJECTIVE:To develop new antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) classification criteria with high specificity for use in observational studies and trials, jointly supported by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and EULAR. METHODS:This international multidisciplinary initiative included 4 phases: 1) Phase I, criteria generation by surveys and literature review; 2) Phase II, criteria reduction by modified Delphi and nominal group technique exercises; 3) Phase III, criteria definition, further reduction with the guidance of real-world patient scenarios, and weighting via consensus-based multicriteria decision analysis, and threshold identification; and 4) Phase IV, validation using independent adjudicators' consensus as the gold standard. RESULTS:-glycoprotein I antibodies). Patients accumulating at least 3 points each from the clinical and laboratory domains are classified as having APS. In the validation cohort, the new APS criteria versus the 2006 revised Sapporo classification criteria had a specificity of 99% versus 86%, and a sensitivity of 84% versus 99%. CONCLUSION:These new ACR/EULAR APS classification criteria were developed using rigorous methodology with multidisciplinary international input. Hierarchically clustered, weighted, and risk-stratified criteria reflect the current thinking about APS, providing high specificity and a strong foundation for future APS research.
PMID: 37635643
ISSN: 2326-5205
CID: 5618492

2023 ACR/EULAR antiphospholipid syndrome classification criteria

Barbhaiya, Medha; Zuily, Stephane; Naden, Ray; Hendry, Alison; Manneville, Florian; Amigo, Mary-Carmen; Amoura, Zahir; Andrade, Danieli; Andreoli, Laura; Artim-Esen, Bahar; Atsumi, Tatsuya; Avcin, Tadej; Belmont, H Michael; Bertolaccini, Maria Laura; Branch, D Ware; Carvalheiras, Graziela; Casini, Alessandro; Cervera, Ricard; Cohen, Hannah; Costedoat-Chalumeau, Nathalie; Crowther, Mark; de Jesús, Guilherme; Delluc, Aurelien; Desai, Sheetal; Sancho, Maria De; Devreese, Katrien M; Diz-Kucukkaya, Reyhan; Duarte-García, Ali; Frances, Camille; Garcia, David; Gris, Jean-Christophe; Jordan, Natasha; Leaf, Rebecca K; Kello, Nina; Knight, Jason S; Laskin, Carl; Lee, Alfred I; Legault, Kimberly; Levine, Steve R; Levy, Roger A; Limper, Maarten; Lockshin, Michael D; Mayer-Pickel, Karoline; Musial, Jack; Meroni, Pier Luigi; Orsolini, Giovanni; Ortel, Thomas L; Pengo, Vittorio; Petri, Michelle; Pons-Estel, Guillermo; Gomez-Puerta, Jose A; Raimboug, Quentin; Roubey, Robert; Sanna, Giovanni; Seshan, Surya V; Sciascia, Savino; Tektonidou, Maria G; Tincani, Angela; Wahl, Denis; Willis, Rohan; Yelnik, Cécile; Zuily, Catherine; Guillemin, Francis; Costenbader, Karen; Erkan, Doruk; ,
OBJECTIVE:To develop new antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) classification criteria with high specificity for use in observational studies and trials, jointly supported by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and EULAR. METHODS:This international multidisciplinary initiative included four phases: (1) Phase I, criteria generation by surveys and literature review; (2) Phase II, criteria reduction by modified Delphi and nominal group technique exercises; (3) Phase III, criteria definition, further reduction with the guidance of real-world patient scenarios, and weighting via consensus-based multicriteria decision analysis, and threshold identification; and (4) Phase IV, validation using independent adjudicators' consensus as the gold standard. RESULTS:-glycoprotein I antibodies). Patients accumulating at least three points each from the clinical and laboratory domains are classified as having APS. In the validation cohort, the new APS criteria vs the 2006 revised Sapporo classification criteria had a specificity of 99% vs 86%, and a sensitivity of 84% vs 99%. CONCLUSION:These new ACR/EULAR APS classification criteria were developed using rigorous methodology with multidisciplinary international input. Hierarchically clustered, weighted, and risk-stratified criteria reflect the current thinking about APS, providing high specificity and a strong foundation for future APS research.
PMID: 37640450
ISSN: 1468-2060
CID: 5618382

Population-based prevalence and incidence estimates of mixed connective tissue disease from the Manhattan Lupus Surveillance Program

Hasan, Ghadeer; Ferucci, Elizabeth D; Buyon, Jill P; Belmont, H Michael; Salmon, Jane E; Askanase, Anca; Bathon, Joan M; Geraldino-Pardilla, Laura; Ali, Yousaf; Ginzler, Ellen M; Putterman, Chaim; Gordon, Caroline; Helmick, Charles G; Parton, Hilary; Izmirly, Peter M
OBJECTIVE:Epidemiologic data for mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) are limited. Leveraging data from the Manhattan Lupus Surveillance Program (MLSP), a racially/ethnically diverse population-based registry of cases with SLE and related diseases including MCTD, we provide estimates of the prevalence and incidence of MCTD. METHODS:MLSP cases were identified from rheumatologists, hospitals, and population databases using a variety of ICD-9 codes. MCTD was defined as one of the following: 1) fulfillment of our modified Alarcon-Segovia and Kahn criteria which required a positive RNP antibody and the presence of synovitis, myositis, and Raynaud's phenomenon, 2) a diagnosis of MCTD and no other diagnosis of another connective tissue disease (CTD), and 3) a diagnosis of MCTD regardless of another CTD diagnosis. RESULTS:Overall, 258 (7.7%) of cases met a definition of MCTD. Using our modified Alarcon-Segovia and Kahn criteria for MCTD, the age-adjusted prevalence was 1.28 (95%CI 0.72-2.09) per 100 000. Using our definition of a diagnosis of MCTD and no other diagnosis of another CTD yielded an age-adjusted prevalence and incidence of MCTD of 2.98 (95%CI 2.10-4.11) per 100 000 and 0.39 (95%CI 0.22-0.64) per 100 000, respectively. The age-adjusted prevalence and incidence were highest using a diagnosis of MCTD regardless of other CTD diagnoses and were 16.22 (95%CI 14.00-18.43) per 100 000 and 1.90 (95%CI 1.49-2.39) per 100 000 respectively. CONCLUSIONS:The MLSP provided estimates for prevalence and incidence of MCTD in a diverse population. The variation in estimates using different case definitions is reflective of the challenge of defining MCTD in epidemiologic studies.
PMID: 36538873
ISSN: 1462-0332
CID: 5431852

Anti-Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Antibodies in Antiphospholipid Antibody-Positive Patients: Results From the Antiphospholipid Syndrome Alliance for Clinical Trials and InternatiOnal Networking Clinical Database and Repository

Zuo, Yu; Navaz, Sherwin; Tsodikov, Alex; Kmetova, Katarina; Kluge, Lyndsay; Ambati, Amala; Hoy, Claire K; Yalavarthi, Srilakshmi; de Andrade, Danieli; Tektonidou, Maria G; Sciascia, Savino; Pengo, Vittorio; Ruiz-Irastorza, Guillermo; Belmont, H Michael; Gerosa, Maria; Fortin, Paul R; de Jesus, Guilherme Ramires; Branch, D Ware; Andreoli, Laura; Rodriguez-Almaraz, Esther; Petri, Michelle; Cervera, Ricard; Willis, Rohan; Karp, David R; Li, Quan-Zhen; Cohen, Hannah; Bertolaccini, Maria Laura; Erkan, Doruk; Knight, Jason S
OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to elucidate the presence, antigen specificities, and potential clinical associations of anti-neutrophil extracellular trap (anti-NET) antibodies in a multinational cohort of antiphospholipid (aPL) antibody-positive patients who did not have lupus. METHODS:Anti-NET IgG/IgM levels were measured in serum samples from 389 aPL-positive patients; 308 patients met the classification criteria for antiphospholipid syndrome. Multivariate logistic regression with best variable model selection was used to determine clinical associations. For a subset of the patients (n = 214), we profiled autoantibodies using an autoantigen microarray platform. RESULTS:We found elevated levels of anti-NET IgG and/or IgM in 45% of the aPL-positive patients. High anti-NET antibody levels are associated with more circulating myeloperoxidase (MPO)-DNA complexes, which are a biomarker of NETs. When considering clinical manifestations, positive anti-NET IgG was associated with lesions affecting the white matter of the brain, even after adjusting for demographic variables and aPL profiles. Anti-NET IgM tracked with complement consumption after controlling for aPL profiles; furthermore, patient serum samples containing high levels of anti-NET IgM efficiently deposited complement C3d on NETs. As determined by autoantigen microarray, positive testing for anti-NET IgG was significantly associated with several autoantibodies, including those recognizing citrullinated histones, heparan sulfate proteoglycan, laminin, MPO-DNA complexes, and nucleosomes. Anti-NET IgM positivity was associated with autoantibodies targeting single-stranded DNA, double-stranded DNA, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:These data reveal high levels of anti-NET antibodies in 45% of aPL-positive patients, where they potentially activate the complement cascade. While anti-NET IgM may especially recognize DNA in NETs, anti-NET IgG species appear to be more likely to target NET-associated protein antigens.
PMID: 36862141
ISSN: 2326-5205
CID: 5502322

Fluctuation of Anti-Domain 1 and Anti-Β2 Glycoprotein I Antibody Titers Over Time in Patients with Persistently Positive Antiphospholipid Antibodies

Chighizola, Cecilia B; Pregnolato, Francesca; Andrade, Danieli; Tektonidou, Maria; Pengo, Vittorio; Ruiz-Irastorza, Guillermo; Belmont, H Michael; Gerosa, Maria; Fortin, Paul; Branch, D Ware; Andreoli, Laura; Petri, Michelle A; Cervera, Ricard; Knight, Jason S; Willis, Rohan; Efthymiou, Maria; Cohen, Hannah; Erkan, Doruk; Bertolaccini, Maria Laura
OBJECTIVE:This work aims at evaluating longitudinally titers of antibodies against β2-glycoprotein I (β2GPI) and domain 1 (anti-D1), identifying predictors of the variation of anti-D1 and anti-β2GPI antibody titers and clarifying whether antibody titer fluctuations predict thrombosis in a large international cohort of patients persistently positive for antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), the "APS ACTION Registry". METHODS:Patients with available blood samples from at least 4 time points were included. Anti-β2GPI and anti-D1 IgG were tested by chemiluminescence (BioFlash, INOVA Diagnostics). RESULTS:In a cohort of 230 patients, anti-D1 and anti-β2GPI titers decreased significantly over time (p<0.0001 and p=0.010, respectively). After adjustment for age, gender, and number of positive aPL tests, the fluctuation of anti-D1 and anti-β2GPI titers was associated with treatment with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) at each time-point. Treatment with HCQ, but not immunosuppressors, was associated with 1.3-fold and 1.4-fold decrease in anti-D1 and anti-β2GPI titers, respectively. Incident vascular events were associated with 1.9-fold and 2.1-fold increase of anti-D1 and anti-β2GPI titers, respectively. Anti-D1 and anti-β2GPI titers at the time of thrombosis were lower compared to the other time-points: 1.6-fold decrease in anti-D1 titers and 2-fold decrease in anti-β2GPI titers conferred an OR for incident thrombosis of 6.0 (95%CI 0.62-59.3) and 9.4 (95%CI 1.1-80.2), respectively. CONCLUSIONS:Treatment with HCQ and incident vascular events significant predicted anti-D1 and anti-β2GPI titer fluctuation over time. Both anti-D1 and anti-β2GPI titers drop around the time of thrombosis, with potential clinical relevance. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
PMID: 36704930
ISSN: 2326-5205
CID: 5419762