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Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia with spontaneous pneumothorax. A report of three cases [Case Report]

Sherman, M; Levin, D; Breidbart, D
Spontaneous pneumothorax is a rare complication of pneumonia. Three cases of spontaneous pneumothorax in patients with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome are described. Two patients had bronchopleural fistulas. Local subpleural necrosis was felt to be the cause of the pneumothorax. Pneumothorax should be considered in patients with P carinii pneumonia who experience respiratory deterioration.
PMID: 3489585
ISSN: 0012-3692
CID: 613712

A comparison of atropine sulfate and metaproterenol sulfate in the emergency treatment of asthma

Karpel, J P; Appel, D; Breidbart, D; Fusco, M J
Twenty-one patients presenting to an emergency room with moderate to severe asthma were entered into the following double-blind, crossover study. First, patients inhaled twice at 30-min intervals either atropine sulfate (AS) (3.2 mg and 3.2 mg; total dose, 6.4 mg) or metaproterenol sulfate (MP) (15 mg and 15 mg; total dose, 30 mg). Then after 80 min (crossover), they inhaled either AS (3.2 mg) or MP (15 mg). FEV1 was measured before treatment and at 30, 40, 70, 80, 110, and 120 min after the start of the study. FEV1 from 20 patients who completed the protocol were compared (Student's paired t test), and the values are presented as mean +/- SEM. Both groups began with equally severe airways obstruction (AS versus MP: 1.02 +/- 0.07 L and 0.92 +/- 0.15 L, respectively; p greater than 0.05). After 120 min, when all had received both medications, FEV1 had improved significantly and similarly among both groups, indicating that initially they had equivalent bronchodilator capacities. Atropine sulfate produced small but significant changes in FEV1 at 30 and 70 min, but not at 80 min nor after crossover. In contrast, MP both alone and after crossover significantly improved FEV1. The difference in improvement among the groups was significant at 80 min and after crossover. Atropine sulfate produced multiple adverse effects in all patients. We conclude that during acute severe asthma, AS (6.4 mg) does not produce clinically significant bronchodilation either alone or in combination with MP.
PMID: 3706879
ISSN: 0003-0805
CID: 613722