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Predictors of Care-Seeking Behavior for Treatment of Urinary Incontinence in Women

LaPier, Zoe; Jericevic, Dora; Lang, Diane; Gregg, Steven; Brucker, Benjamin; Escobar, Christina
IMPORTANCE/OBJECTIVE:Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common and treatable medical condition among women, but only approximately one third of women seek care. OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to determine factors associated with care-seeking behavior in women with UI. STUDY DESIGN/METHODS:This was a cross-sectional study using patient-reported survey data collected by the National Association for Continence from November 2018 to January 2019. This survey included 60 questions and was conducted using SurveyMonkey. Descriptive statistics were used for baseline characteristics, the χ2 test was used for categorical variables, and multivariate logistic regression was used to determine predictors of care-seeking behavior. RESULTS:Four hundred eighty-five women completed the survey, 30.7% were not care seeking, and 69.3% were care seeking for UI. Most women were 55 years or older and had UI for more than 4 years. Care-seeking women had more overactive bladder symptoms. Women who sought care were more likely to report feelings of anger, depression, hopelessness, isolation, and report greater social effects from UI than non-care-seeking women. Less than 10% of women who sought care were asked about their UI by a medical professional. In the multivariate logistic regression expenditure of $5 or more on monthly incontinence maintenance, daily UI and older age were associated with seeking care. CONCLUSIONS:Most women in our study population sought care for UI. Factors associated with seeking care were expenditure greater than $5 per month on incontinence, daily UI, and age. This information demonstrates the need for effective implementation of screening interventions to increase treatment access.
PMID: 38484253
ISSN: 2771-1897
CID: 5639852

Who Progresses to Third-Line Therapies for Overactive Bladder? Trends From the AQUA Registry

Jericevic, Dora; Shapiro, Katherine; Bowman, Max; Vélez, Camille A; Mbassa, Rachel; Fang, Raymond; Van Kuiken, Michelle; Brucker, Benjamin M
INTRODUCTION/UNASSIGNED:Overactive bladder (OAB) patients who do not achieve satisfactory results with second-line OAB medications should be offered third-line therapies (percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation, sacral neuromodulation, onabotulinumtoxinA bladder injection [BTX-A]). We aimed to determine which clinical factors affect progression from second- to third-line OAB therapy. METHODS/UNASSIGNED:Between 2014 and 2020, the AUA Quality Registry was queried for adult patients with idiopathic OAB. For the primary outcome, patient and provider factors associated with increased odds of progression from second- to third-line therapy were assessed. Secondary outcomes included median time for progression to third-line therapy and third-line therapy utilization across subgroups. RESULTS/UNASSIGNED:A total of 641,122 patients met inclusion criteria and were included in analysis. Of these, only 7487 (1.2%) received third-line therapy after receiving second-line therapy. On multivariate analysis, patients aged 65 to 79, women, White race, history of dual anticholinergic and β3 agonist therapy, metropolitan area, government insurance, and single specialty practice had the greatest odds of progressing to third-line therapy. Black and Asian race, male gender, and rural setting had lower odds of progressing to third-line therapy. BTX-A was the most common therapy overall (40% BTX-A, 32% sacral neuromodulation, 28% percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation). The median time of progression from second- to third-line therapy was 15.4 months (IQR 5.9, 32.4). Patients < 50 years old and women progressed fastest to third-line therapy. CONCLUSIONS/UNASSIGNED:Very few patients received third-line therapies, and the time to progression from second- to third-line therapies is > 1 year. The study findings highlight a potential need to improve third-line therapy implementation.
PMID: 38226920
ISSN: 2352-0787
CID: 5633832

Factors influencing medication selection for management of overactive bladder: Trends and insights from AUA Quality Registry

Bowman, Max; Vélez, Camille A; Jericevic, Dora; Shapiro, Katherine; Mbassa, Rachel; Fang, Raymond; Brucker, Benjamin M; Van Kuiken, Michelle
OBJECTIVE:To determine how a patient's demographics, including insurance type, race/ethnicity, gender, and age, may impact the choice of medication prescribed for overactive bladder. METHODS:We queried the AUA Quality Registry for adults between 2014 and 2020 with a diagnosis of overactive bladder for >1 year, excluding neurogenic causes. Variables included age, race/ethnicity, gender, insurance type, medication first prescribed, year of prescription, provider metropolitan status, and provider practice type. Primary outcome was which factors were associated with increased odds of beta-3 prescription as first medication choice. RESULTS:We found 1,453,566 patients with overactive bladder, 641,122 (44.1%) with complete data. Of these, 112,021 (17.5%) were prescribed medication. On multivariate analysis, patients with Medicaid, Medicare, and other/self-pay insurance were less likely to receive a beta-3 versus an anticholinergic compared to private or military insurance. Compared to white patients, Asian, Black, and other races were less likely to receive a beta-3, as were patients outside of metropolitan areas. Age >50, prescriptions after 2014, and non-academic settings were associated with increased odds of beta-3 prescription. There was no difference between genders. CONCLUSIONS:Many nonclinical factors, including insurance type and race, may affect which medication is first prescribed for overactive bladder. This is useful for practicing urologists and may help lower barriers to beta-3 prescription through policy change and advocacy.
PMID: 38081481
ISSN: 1527-9995
CID: 5589122

Surgical management of bladder outlet obstruction due to functional and anatomical etiologies in women

Dequirez, Pierre-Luc; Wasserman, Meredith C; Brucker, Benjamin M
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND:Bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in women includes functional and anatomic etiologies. Primary bladder neck obstruction (PBNO), Fowler's syndrome (FS), and dysfunctional voiding (DV) are some examples of functional obstructions, whereas pelvic organ prolapse (POP), periurethral masses, and intragenic causes are some of the anatomic causes. METHODS:This literature review describes the etiologies of female BOO, unique aspects of the workup and diagnosis, and the data for the standard surgical treatments and newer surgical techniques to treat women. Urethral stenosis and sling-related obstruction are treated in the other articles of this series. Where possible the focus is the efficacy and outcomes. RESULTS:Treatment of PBNO using a transurethral incision of the bladder neck and injection of botulinum toxin in the bladder neck decreases the BOO. After the failure of conservative approaches, sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is effective for FS, while DV may benefit from SNM or botulinum toxin injections. Concerning POP, most surgeries have been reported to significantly improve a pre-existent BOO but the level of evidence is low. Benign urethral and periurethral masses may provoke BOO, and surgical excision usually resolves this condition. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Although most surgical treatments of BOO for functional and benign anatomical etiologies in women seem to be effective, data are scarce even for more common conditions like POP. Further studies are required to give better advice on the choice of surgical technique for these patients.
PMID: 38289258
ISSN: 1520-6777
CID: 5627482

Outcomes of women diagnosed with primary bladder neck obstruction based on video urodynamic criteria

Drain, Alice; Volkin, Dmitry; Rosenblum, Nirit; Brucker, Benjamin M; Nitti, Victor W
OBJECTIVE:Functional and anatomic bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in women are more prevalent than previously suspected and remain a diagnostic challenge. Several urodynamic diagnostic criteria for female BOO have been proposed, but studies validating the criteria by assessing treatment outcomes are lacking. We sought to correlate video urodynamic (VUD) diagnostic criteria with symptom improvement in women with functional bladder outlet obstruction. METHODS:A retrospective cohort study of women diagnosed with primary bladder neck obstruction (PBNO) by VUD criteria who underwent bladder neck incision (BNI) between 2010 and 2022 was performed. Patient demographic, clinical, and urodynamic characteristics were collected before and after treatment and analyzed. RESULTS:O, p = 0.21). CONCLUSIONS:The diagnosis of PBNO by VUD criteria for obstruction correlated with treatment outcomes with success in 88.5% and 56% becoming catheter independent. Successful treatment was independent of preoperative PdetQmax.
PMID: 38078683
ISSN: 1520-6777
CID: 5589592

Routine uterine preservation during sacrocolpopexy for apical prolapse-Cons [Editorial]

Dequirez, P-L; Rosenblum, N; Brucker, B M
PMID: 37661490
ISSN: 1166-7087
CID: 5611442


Brucker, Benjamin M; Wasserman, Meredith C
PMID: 36773989
ISSN: 1527-9995
CID: 5421092

Telemedicine in Overactive Bladder Syndrome

Jericevic, Dora; Brucker, Benjamin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW/UNASSIGNED:This review discusses the role and benefits of telemedicine as an integral component of the post-pandemic care paradigm in urological practice and, in particular, as part of the care of patients with overactive bladder (OAB). RECENT FINDINGS/UNASSIGNED:The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the implementation of telemedicine across almost every medical specialty and (at least temporarily) swept away barriers including those regarding reimbursement and licensure. Telemedicine benefits patients and providers alike including savings on transportation costs, access to specialists or tertiary care from geographically remote locations, and minimized exposure to a contagious illness. Integration of telemedicine into clinical practice can reduce costs for office/exam space and staffing overhead, as well as facilitate greater scheduling efficiency. Many, if not most, aspects of care for the uncomplicated OAB patient can be as effectively managed remotely as with in-person encounters, across the treatment algorithm. SUMMARY/UNASSIGNED:Telemedicine will almost certainly remain a key component in the care of OAB, general urology, and throughout all medical specialties.
PMID: 37193335
ISSN: 1931-7212
CID: 5544242

The PSR13, a tool for evaluating patient-perceived recovery after vaginal prolapse repair surgery

Brandon, Caroline A; Friedman, Steven; Rosenblum, Nirit; Escobar, Christina M; Stewart, Lauren E; Brucker, Benjamin M
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE:Surgical recovery is the return to preoperative functional, psychologic, and social activity, or a return to normalcy. To date, little is known about the global post-surgical recovery experience from the patients' perspective. The aim of this study was to validate the Post-Discharge Surgical Recovery scale 13 (PSR13) in women undergoing vaginal prolapse repair procedures and evaluate the patient-perceived postoperative recovery experience over a 12-week period. METHODS:Fifty women undergoing vaginal prolapse repairs completed the PSR13 and global surgical recovery scale (GSR) at 1, 2, 4, 6, and 12 weeks post-surgery. Validity, the minimal clinically important difference (MCID), and responsiveness to change over time of the PSR13 was evaluated using descriptive statistics and linear regression models. The proportion of patients deemed fully recovered at each time point (defined as PSR13 score ≥ 80) was also assessed. RESULTS:The PSR13 correlated significantly (p < 0.001) with the single-item recovery scale and showed excellent internal consistency reliability (Cronbach α = 0.91, range 0.77 to 0.93). The MCID was estimated at 7.0 points. The PSR13 scores improved at varying rates over time, with the greatest amount of patient-perceived recovery occurring between 4 and 6 weeks after surgery. The proportion of patients deemed fully recovered at 6- and 12- weeks postoperatively was 37% and 56%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS:The PSR13 is a useful instrument to assess overall return to normalcy from the patient's perspective and can be applied to evaluate the recovery experience among women undergoing vaginal prolapse repairs, in both the research and clinical setting.
PMID: 36166063
ISSN: 1433-3023
CID: 5334192

Defining Bladder Outlet Obstruction in Women

Escobar, Christina; Jericevic, Dora; Brucker, Benjamin M.
Purpose of Review: The goal of this paper is to provide the reader with an understanding of the definition of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in females and guidance on the diagnostic work-up of this condition. Recent Findings: Our understanding of female BOO is continuing to evolve. Urodynamics and fluoroscopy can aid in the diagnosis of this condition. Several new definitions of BOO in females have been studied and provide more clarity for female BOO. However, no one definition has proved to be superior. Therefore, there is no replacement for looking at the entire clinical picture including patient history, examination and urodynamic data if available. Summary: Recent studies have further contributed to the body of literature on how to define bladder outlet obstruction in women, but no current consensus exists on the best way to define this condition.
ISSN: 1931-7212
CID: 5329792