Try a new search

Format these results:

Searched for:



Total Results:


Setting the Stage for the Next Phase of Social Determinants of Health Research [Editorial]

Cantor, Michael N
PMID: 35446609
ISSN: 1541-0048
CID: 5218482

Response to Letter to the Editor from Christina Parisi

Li, Dadong; Cantor, Michael N
PMID: 33220684
ISSN: 1537-6613
CID: 4950882

Comparing Clinical Characteristics of Influenza and Common Coronavirus Infections Using Electronic Health Records

Li, Dadong; Wolk, Donna M; Cantor, Michael N
BACKGROUND:We compared outcomes in inpatients and outpatients, pre-COVID-19, who were infected with either coronavirus or influenza. METHODS:Using deidentified electronic health records data from the Geisinger-Regeneron partnership, we compared patients with RT-PCR-positive tests for the 4 common coronaviruses (229E, HKU1, NL63, OC43) or influenza (A and B) from June 2016 to February 2019. RESULTS:Overall, 52 833 patients were tested for coronaviruses and influenza. For patients ≥21 years old, 1555 and 3991 patient encounters had confirmed positive coronavirus and influenza tests, respectively. Both groups had similar intensive care unit (ICU) admission rates (7.2% vs 6.1%, P = .12), although patients with coronavirus had significantly more pneumonia (15% vs 7.4%, P < .001) and higher death rate within 30 days (4.9% vs 3.0%, P < .001). After controlling for other covariates, coronavirus infection still had a higher risk of death and pneumonia than influenza (odds ratio, 1.64 and 2.05, P < .001), with no significant difference in ICU admission rates. CONCLUSIONS:Common coronaviruses cause significant morbidity, with potentially worse outcomes than influenza. Identifying a subset of patients who are more susceptible to poor outcomes from common coronavirus infections may help plan clinical interventions in patients with suspected infections.
PMID: 33011809
ISSN: 1537-6613
CID: 4931852

Modernizing Medical Attribution [Editorial]

Cantor, Michael N
PMID: 32323134
ISSN: 1525-1497
CID: 4464352

When Predictive Models Collide

Stetson, Peter D; Cantor, Michael N; Gonen, Mithat
PMID: 32543898
ISSN: 2473-4276
CID: 4517842

Patient opinions about digital messaging for clinical research recruitment [Meeting Abstract]

Cantor, M; Mishik, M
Background: Identifying and recruiting patients for clinical research remain major challenges for researchers. EHRs are playing larger roles in recruitment, from helping identify cohorts to alerting clinicians about potentially eligible patients. One major issue around using EHRs for recruitment is understanding the best way to manage the amount and type of messaging patients receive. Because research-related communications is a relatively new area, few institutions have set policies in this area. Before setting policy at NYU Langone Health, we chose to survey our patient population to better gauge their beliefs and to obtain data that would help us formulate a policy that aligns with patients' actual preferences rather than their hypothetical concerns.
Method(s): The NYU School of Medicine IRB determined that this project was exempt from review. We developed a 10-question survey in our institution's RedCAP system. The survey was developed with input from our institutional Research Governance Group, who gave input on both content and wording of the questions. We then obtained a random sample of 20,000 adult, active MyChart (our Epic patient portal) users, and sent a survey invitation to 10,000 patients per week for two weeks. The survey was completely anonymous, and the invitation contained a direct link to the RedCap survey. We closed the survey after 3 weeks.
Result(s): We received 2157 responses to the survey. 61.7% of respondents were female, 83% were white, and 11% identified as Hispanic/Latino. 2/3 of patients were within the 46-75 age range. 72% of patients responded that they would be interested in participating in research studies, and 87% of all patients responded that they would be interested in receiving research-related messages. Responses about limits on the number of messages that patients receive were nearly evenly split, with 46% responding that there should not be a limit on the number of research-related messages received, and 39% responding that there should be a limit. Over 90% wanted the option to opt-out of receiving further messages with each invitation. Opinion about the " right" number of research-related messages that a patient could receive in a particular time period was mixed, but were nearly evenly split between 1-2 times a month and no limit on messages.
Conclusion(s): Developing and distributing the survey through the patient portal was a relatively straightforward process and was relatively quick to implement after institutional approval. Our survey revealed engaged patients who are interested in finding out more about research, and who wish to have input into and control over the number and types of research-related messages they receive. Performing a similar survey in a larger, more diverse population would help give a more accurate picture of broader patient preferences. Digital messaging can be an effective tool for research-related communications, and could be added to the current toolbox of general recruitment techniques
ISSN: 1525-1497
CID: 4053242

Implementation and early adaptation of patient-reported outcome measures into an electronic health record: A technical report

Gold, Heather Taffet; Karia, Raj J; Link, Alissa; Lebwohl, Rachel; Zuckerman, Joseph D; Errico, Thomas J; Slover, James D; Buckland, Aaron J; Mann, Devin M; Cantor, Michael N
We integrated and optimized patient-reported outcome measures into the electronic health record to provide quantitative, objective data regarding patients' health status, which is important for patient care, payer contracts, and research. With a multidisciplinary team from information technology, clinical informatics, population health, and physician champions, we used formal human-computer interaction techniques and user-centered design to integrate several technology platforms and computerized adaptive testing for the National Institutes of Health Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System. The patient-reported outcome measure system leverages software frequently used by health systems and provides data for research and clinical care via a mobile-responsive web application using Symfony, with REDCap for configuring assessments and de-identified data storage. The system incorporates Oracle databases and Epic flowsheets. Patients complete patient-reported outcome measures, with data viewable in MyChart and Epic Synopsis Reports. Researchers can access data portals. The highly usable, successful patient-reported outcome measures platform is acceptable to patients and clinicians and achieved 73 percent overall completion rates.
PMID: 30516095
ISSN: 1741-2811
CID: 3520672

Partner meeting venue typology and sexual risk behaviors among French men who have sex with men

Al-Ajlouni, Yazan A; Park, Su H; Schneider, John A; Goedel, William C; Rhodes Hambrick, H; Hickson, DeMarc A; Cantor, Michael N; Duncan, Dustin T
Previous research has given considerable attention to venues where men who have sex with men (MSM) meet their sex partners. However, no previous study examined a vast range of sexual risk behaviors. The objective of this study was to examine the association between the types of venues for meeting sexual partners, condomless anal intercourse, engagement in group sex, and HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk among a sample of MSM. Users of a popular geosocial-networking app in Paris were provided an advertisement with text encouraging them to complete an anonymous web-based survey ( n = 580), which included questions about sex-seeking venues, condomless anal intercourse, HIV status and STI history, and sociodemographic characteristics. A log-binomial model was used to assess association between venues (i.e. public venues [gay clubs, bars, and discos], cruising venues [such as gay saunas, beaches, and parks], and internet-based venues [internet chat sites and geosocial-networking apps]), condomless anal intercourse, engagement in group sex, and HIV infection as well as infection with other STIs, after adjustment for sociodemographics. In multivariable models, attending cruising venues was associated with condomless receptive anal intercourse (adjusted relative risk [aRR] = 1.47; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.20-1.81), any kind of condomless anal intercourse (aRR = 1.34; 95% CI = 1.14-1.58), an STI (aRR = 1.50; 95% CI = 1.09-2.05), engagement in group sex (aRR = 1.42; 95% CI = 1.27-1.59), and multiple partners for both condomless insertive (aRR = 2.00; 95% CI = 1.38-2.88), and receptive (aRR = 1.70; 95% CI = 1.23-2.36) anal intercourse, STI infection (aRR = 1.50, 95% CI = 1.09-2.05) and HIV infection (aRR = 1.76; 95% CI = 1.05-2.96). No associations were found with other venue types and sexual risk behaviors, STIs, and HIV infection, except for group sex, which was associated with all venue types. Use of cruising where the primary aim is to have sex was found to be associated with risky sexual behavior. Risky behavior reduction strategies such as preexposure prophylaxis campaigns should be targeted to MSM who frequent cruising venues.
PMID: 29973129
ISSN: 1758-1052
CID: 3186112

Patient Data: The Authors Reply

Cantor, Michael N; Thorpe, Lorna
PMID: 30080473
ISSN: 1544-5208
CID: 3226142

Measuring Patient and Staff Satisfaction Before and After Implementation of a Paperless Registration System

Lulejian, Armine; Cantor, Michael N
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY/UNASSIGNED:While many aspects of patient care have transitioned to digital technology, the patient registration process often is still paper based. Several studies have examined the effects of changes in clinic workflows and appointment scheduling on patient satisfaction, but few have investigated changes from a paper-based to a paperless registration process. The authors measured patient and staff satisfaction before and after implementation of a new, tablet-based registration process at NYU Langone Health's Center for Women's Health in New York City. Mean preimplementation patient satisfaction scores on the six questions related to the registration process (1-5 scale, with 5 being the highest score) ranged from 4.0 to 4.5. Postimplementation satisfaction scores on the nine questions (six premeasure questions and three additional questions related to the tablet-based process) ranged from 4.4 to 4.6, with four of the six premeasures showing statistically significant improvement in patient satisfaction. Staff satisfaction was generally lower (2.8-3.6 preimplementation and 2.8-4 postimplementation), with no statistically significant difference between time frames. Patient satisfaction was relatively high under the paper registration process, and it improved significantly in some respects under the paperless process, while staff satisfaction did not change. The convenience and ease of use of a paperless registration system can help maintain or increase patient and staff satisfaction while introducing new workflows and improving the efficiency of the outpatient registration process. In adopting technology that can lead to changing workflows, organizations should train staff members and support them during the process.
PMID: 29734287
ISSN: 1096-9012
CID: 3101202