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Reducing Antibiotic Prescription Errors in the Emergency Department: A Quality Improvement Initiative

Kasmire, Kathryn E; Cerrone, Crista; Hoppa, Eric C
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND:Discharge prescription errors from the pediatric emergency department (ED) are common. Despite the implementation of clinical pathways for common infections recommending specific antibiotic therapy and aids built into the electronic health record, errors in antibiotic prescriptions for patients discharged home from the ED persist. METHODS:We developed and implemented ED antibiotic discharge order panels for urinary tract infection (UTI) and skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) that modeled antibiotic therapy from our institutional clinical pathways. We aimed to reduce antibiotic prescription errors by 50% within 6 months of implementation. RESULTS:< 0.001). Individually, the baseline number of prescriptions with errors for UTI and SSTI improved from 26.1% and 32.8%, respectively, to 13.8% and 12.5% within 6 months. Sustained improvement continued for 17 months after the implementation of the order panels. CONCLUSIONS:Development and implementation of ED antibiotic discharge order panels decrease antibiotic prescription errors for UTI and SSTI by improving compliance with institutional clinical pathways. Additional order panels should be developed and implemented for other conditions to help reduce discharge prescription errors.
PMID: 32766489
ISSN: 2472-0054
CID: 5603642

[Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: case report] [Case Report]

Cione, G P; Arciero, G; De Angelis, C P; Marano, A; Farella, N; Cerrone, C; Cerbone, D; Parmeggiani, D; Cimmino, G; Perrotta, M; Giglio, D
The primitive tumors of the liver are relatively rare in the Western countries (around the 0.7% of all the neoplasms) while they present more elevated incidence in Africa and in the South Asian East. While the hepatocellular carcinoma rises up in the 50-70% of the cases in livers cirrosis, this correlation is not valid for the form of carcinoma to departure from the learned intra and extra biliar. The etiology of the intrahepatic colangiocarcinoma (CC) stays unknown. They have stayed observe, on the other hand, of the conditions sometimes correlated to the development of the CC (Carolí morbs, ulcerative colitis, asbestosis). The CC usually rises up from the epithelial cells of surface that delimit the biliary ducts, although different studies suggest that these tumors can also originate from the learned smaller biliary ducts, from the hepatic cysts of the policistic illness and from the complexes of von Meyenburg. The low incidence of the CC, the clinical atypical debut, the not facility of a precise diagnosis have aroused our interest so that the present job wants to be a modest scientific contribution to this type of pathology.
PMID: 16437896
ISSN: 2283-5423
CID: 5602872

[Primary intestinal tuberculosis] [Case Report]

Salvati, V; Fumo, F; D'Armiento, F P; Fumo, M; Cerrone, C
Tuberculosis, with its pulmonary and extrapulmonary localizations, is rapidly increasing in Italy. The authors describe a case of a primary colonic tuberculosis in a 52-year-old Caucasian man. At admission the patient reported a 6-month history of constipation, weight loss and abdominal pain. He had rectal bleeding in the last two weeks. Haematological tests and chest X-ray were negative. Colonoscopy showed a stricture in the proximal transverse colon and multiple ulcers in the ileocecal tract. Multiple biopsies and culture demonstrated tuberculosis. The patient underwent a right hemicolectomy after an episode of acute intestinal hemorrhage and received pharmacological treatment for nine months. After four years he is still free of disease.
PMID: 8975161
ISSN: 0026-4733
CID: 5603802