Pediatric Respiratory Illness Hospitalizations Prior to COVID-19 and During the First Year of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Southeast Wisconsin
BACKGROUND:Public health measures combatting the COVID-19 pandemic also led to a decrease in other pediatric respiratory illnesses. We describe the local pattern of pediatric respiratory hospitalizations in southeast Wisconsin prior to COVID-19 and during the first year of the pandemic. METHODS:We performed a cross-sectional examination of hospitalizations for asthma, bronchiolitis, and bacterial pneumonia at a single tertiary children's hospital prior to COVID-19 through the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS:â€‰<â€‰0.001), with average percent decrease of hospitalizations per month of 48%, 78%, and 47.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS:The decrease in hospitalizations is likely multifactorial and related to public health measures, behavior changes, and other epidemiological factors.