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A fascial band implicated in wartenberg syndrome

Patel, Anup; Pierce, Paul; Chiu, David T W
PMID: 24572905
ISSN: 1529-4242
CID: 820762

Pre- and/or Postsurgical Administration of Estradiol Benzoate Increases Rates of Skin Flap Viability in Female Rats

Chiu, David T W; Guerra, Sara; Chung, Bryan
PMID: 23943049
ISSN: 0364-216x
CID: 524972

Obituary: Remembering the legacy of Dr. William W. Shaw [Obituary]

Tanna, Neil; Broer, P Niclas; Allen, Robert J; Aston, Sherrell J; Baker, Daniel C; Bradley, James P; Chiu, David T W; DeLacure, Mark D; Lesavoy, Malcolm A; Levine, Jamie P; Mehrara, Babak J; Mu, Lan; McCarthy, Joseph G
PMID: 23599942
ISSN: 1529-4242
CID: 524982

Discussion: sensory reconstruction of a finger pulp defect using a dorsal homodigital island flap

Chiu, David T W; Chung, Bryan
PMID: 23096608
ISSN: 1529-4242
CID: 180812

Restenosis after carotid artery stenting and endarterectomy: a secondary analysis of CREST, a randomised controlled trial

Lal, Brajesh K; Beach, Kirk W; Roubin, Gary S; Lutsep, Helmi L; Moore, Wesley S; Malas, Mahmoud B; Chiu, David; Gonzales, Nicole R; Burke, J Lee; Rinaldi, Michael; Elmore, James R; Weaver, Fred A; Narins, Craig R; Foster, Malcolm; Hodgson, Kim J; Shepard, Alexander D; Meschia, James F; Bergelin, Robert O; Voeks, Jenifer H; Howard, George; Brott, Thomas G
BACKGROUND: In the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial (CREST), the composite primary endpoint of stroke, myocardial infarction, or death during the periprocedural period or ipsilateral stroke thereafter did not differ between carotid artery stenting and carotid endarterectomy for symptomatic or asymptomatic carotid stenosis. A secondary aim of this randomised trial was to compare the composite endpoint of restenosis or occlusion. METHODS: Patients with stenosis of the carotid artery who were asymptomatic or had had a transient ischaemic attack, amaurosis fugax, or a minor stroke were eligible for CREST and were enrolled at 117 clinical centres in the USA and Canada between Dec 21, 2000, and July 18, 2008. In this secondary analysis, the main endpoint was a composite of restenosis or occlusion at 2 years. Restenosis and occlusion were assessed by duplex ultrasonography at 1, 6, 12, 24, and 48 months and were defined as a reduction in diameter of the target artery of at least 70%, diagnosed by a peak systolic velocity of at least 3.0 m/s. Studies were done in CREST-certified laboratories and interpreted at the Ultrasound Core Laboratory (University of Washington). The frequency of restenosis was calculated by Kaplan-Meier survival estimates and was compared during a 2-year follow-up period. We used proportional hazards models to assess the association between baseline characteristics and risk of restenosis. Analyses were per protocol. CREST is registered with, number NCT00004732. FINDINGS: 2191 patients received their assigned treatment within 30 days of randomisation and had eligible ultrasonography (1086 who had carotid artery stenting, 1105 who had carotid endarterectomy). In 2 years, 58 patients who underwent carotid artery stenting (Kaplan-Meier rate 6.0%) and 62 who had carotid endarterectomy (6.3%) had restenosis or occlusion (hazard ratio [HR] 0.90, 95% CI 0.63-1.29; p=0.58). Female sex (1.79, 1.25-2.56), diabetes (2.31, 1.61-3.31), and dyslipidaemia (2.07, 1.01-4.26) were independent predictors of restenosis or occlusion after the two procedures. Smoking predicted an increased rate of restenosis after carotid endarterectomy (2.26, 1.34-3.77) but not after carotid artery stenting (0.77, 0.41-1.42). INTERPRETATION: Restenosis and occlusion were infrequent and rates were similar up to 2 years after carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting. Subsets of patients could benefit from early and frequent monitoring after revascularisation. FUNDING: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and Abbott Vascular Solutions.
PMID: 22857850
ISSN: 1474-4422
CID: 177060

The second world congress for plastic surgeons of chinese descent

Pu, Lee L Q; Chiu, David T W; Wei, Fu-Chan
PMID: 21701350
ISSN: 1529-4242
CID: 134730

Autogenic heterotopic vascularized proximal interphalangeal joint transplantation in children

Chiu, David T W; Lee, Jonathan
The proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) joint is the most crucial joint for the functionality of a finger. For a child with complex injury of the hand every effort should be exercised to maximize function restoration. If the PIP joint is irreparably damaged, its reconstruction is indicated. The technique of autogenic heterotopic vascularized toe joint transplantation provides unique advantage of a composite transfer of skin, tendons, bone and joint alone with growth plate and its efficacy has been affirmed in children. It has been suggested that such transfers require intact flexor tendon to achieve satisfactory results, our experience however indicates quite the contrary. As evidenced by this report of a 7-year-old boy with abrasion and avulsion injury to his dominant right hand resulting in a complex defect with skin lose, extensor, flexor avulsion along with cominution of the PIP joint of his long finger. A surgical formulation of staged reconstruction scheme including an autogenic heterotopic vascularized toe joint transplantation led to complete functional restoration to his right hand. (c) 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Microsurgery 2011
PMID: 21374712
ISSN: 1098-2752
CID: 127237

Nerve grafts and conduits

Colen, Kari L; Choi, Mihye; Chiu, David T W
Peripheral nerve defects are common. The surgeon faced with these problems must provide the best functional recovery for the patient with the tools provided. The ideal nerve reconstruction would create a tensionless repair with direct coaptation. However, this is not always possible and other techniques must be employed. The alternatives to direct coaptation include nerve autografts, nerve conduits, and tissue-engineered constructs. This article reviews commonly used autogenous nerve grafts and conduits. Autogenous nerve grafts have been utilized in various techniques which include the trunk graft, cable graft, interfascicular graft, and vascularized graft. The nerve conduits reviewed fall into the category of autogenous biological conduits, nonautogenous biological conduits, and nonbiological conduits. New technologies are being developed to enhance peripheral nerve regeneration with the concept that conduits can be enriched and manipulated in the laboratory to promote regeneration of the peripheral nerve. Further clinical studies hold the promise of successful alternatives for treating peripheral nerve injuries
PMID: 19952706
ISSN: 1529-4242
CID: 106201

Vascular malformations and upper extremity anomalies associated with a subtelomeric microdeletion of chromosome 4p [Case Report]

Khonsari, Roman Hossein; Blechman, Keith M; Michaels, Joe; Vigler, Mordechai; Chiu, David T W; Wallerstein, Robert; Blei, Francine
PMID: 18541967
ISSN: 0962-8827
CID: 95162

Activation and retrograde transport of protein kinase G in rat nociceptive neurons after nerve injury and inflammation

Sung, Y J; Chiu, D T W; Ambron, R T
Nerve injury elicits both universal and limited responses. Among the former is regenerative growth, which occurs in most peripheral neurons, and among the latter is the long-term hyperexcitability that appears selectively in nociceptive sensory neurons. Since positive injury signals communicate information from the site of an injury to the cell body, we hypothesize that a nerve injury activates both universal and limited positive injury signals. Studies in Aplysia indicate that protein kinase G is a limited signal that is responsible for the induction of long-term hyperexcitability. Given that long-term hyperexcitability contributes to chronic pain after axotomy in rodent neuropathic pain models, we investigated its underlying basis in the rat peripheral nervous system. Using biochemical assays, Western blots, and immunocytochemistry we found that the Type 1alpha protein kinase G is the predominant isoform in the rat periphery. It is present primarily in axons and cell bodies of nociceptive neurons, including populations that are isolectin B4-positive, isolectin B4-negative, and those that express transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor-1. Surprisingly, protein kinase G is not present in the facial nerve, which overwhelmingly contains axons of motor neurons. Crushing the sciatic nerve or a cutaneous sensory nerve activates protein kinase G in axons and results in its retrograde transport to the neuronal somata in the DRG. Preventing the activation of protein kinase G by injecting Rp-8-pCPT-cGMPS into the crush site abolished the transport. The protein kinase A inhibitor Rp-8-pCPT-cAMPS had no effect. Extracellular signal-related kinases 42/44 are also activated and transported after nerve crush, but in both motor and sensory axons. Chronic pain has been linked to long-term hyperexcitability following a nerve inflammation in several rodent models. We therefore injected complete Freund's adjuvant into the hindpaw to induce an inflammation and found that protein kinase G was activated in the sural nerve and transported to the DRG. In contrast, the extracellular signal-related kinases in the sensory axons were not activated by the complete Freund's adjuvant. These studies support the idea that the extracellular signal-related kinases are universal positive axonal signals and that protein kinase G is a limited positive axonal signal. They also establish the association between protein kinase G, the induction of long-term hyperexcitability, and chronic pain in rodents.
PMID: 16730916
ISSN: 0306-4522
CID: 3889272