A RARE CASE OF CARDIAC LYMPHOMA WITH TRIPLE PRESENTATION [Meeting Abstract]
Anomalous aortic origin of the coronary artery: does pulmonary artery translocation affect coronary artery course? [Case Report]
Elevated serum bone morphogenetic protein 4 in patients with chronic kidney disease and coronary artery disease
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased coronary artery disease (CAD) and coronary artery calcification. We hypothesized that the osteogenic factor, bone morphogenetic protein-4 (sBMP-4), is elevated in subjects with both CKD and CAD. Serum was collected from 79 subjects undergoing diagnostic angiography and stratified according to CAD and CKD status. Subjects with both CAD and CKD had significantly elevated sBMP-4 compared to those with only one or no disease. sBMP-4 continued to be associated with the presence of both diseases after adjustment for other risk factors. To determine if sBMP-4 is associated with coronary artery calcification, we compared coronary artery calcium scores (CAC) to sBMP-4 in 22 subjects. A positive correlation between CAC and sBMP-4 was seen. In conclusion, sBMP-4 is elevated in patients with both CAD and CKD and positively correlates with CAC, suggesting a role for sBMP-4 in the increased CAD seen in CKD patients.
ACCF/AHA 2007 Clinical Competence Statement on vascular imaging with computed tomography and magnetic resonance [Guideline]
ACCF/AHA 2007 clinical competence statement on vascular imaging with computed tomography and magnetic resonance. A report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association/American College of Physicians Task Force on Clinical Competence and Training [Guideline]
ACCF/AHA 2007 clinical competence statement on vascular imaging with computed tomography and magnetic resonance: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association/American College of Physicians Task Force on Clinical Competence and Training: developed in collaboration with the Society of Atherosclerosis Imaging and Prevention, the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography, the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, and the Society for Vascular Medicine and Biology
Use of a constitutively active hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha transgene as a therapeutic strategy in no-option critical limb ischemia patients: phase I dose-escalation experience
BACKGROUND: Critical limb ischemia, a manifestation of severe peripheral atherosclerosis and compromised lower-extremity blood flow, results in a high rate of limb loss. We hypothesized that adenoviral delivery of a constitutively active form of the transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (ie, Ad2/HIF-1alpha/VP16 or HIF-1alpha) into the lower extremity of patients with critical limb ischemia would be safe and might result in a durable clinical response. METHODS AND RESULTS: This phase I dose-escalation program included 2 studies: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study and an open-label extension study. In total, 34 no-option patients with critical limb ischemia received HIF-1alpha at doses of 1x10(8) to 2x10(11) viral particles. No serious adverse events were attributable to study treatment. Five deaths occurred: 3 in HIF-1alpha and 2 in placebo patients. In the first (randomized) study, 7 of 21 HIF-1alpha patients met treatment failure criteria and had major amputations. Three of the 7 placebo patients rolled over to receive HIF-1alpha in the extension study. No amputations occurred in the 2 highest-dose groups of Ad2/HIF-1alpha/VP16 (1x10(11) and 2x10(11) viral particles). The most common adverse events included peripheral edema, disease progression, and peripheral ischemia. At 1 year, limb status observations in HIF-1alpha patients included complete rest pain resolution in 14 of 32 patients and complete ulcer healing in 5 of 18 patients. CONCLUSIONS: HIF-1alpha therapy in patients with critical limb ischemia was well tolerated, supporting further, larger, randomized efficacy trials.
Ultrasound velocity criteria for carotid in-stent restenosis
OBJECTIVE: To examine duplex ultrasound (US) criteria for carotid in-stent restenosis (ISR). BACKGROUND: Carotid artery stent (CAS) placement is an alternative to surgery for the treatment of carotid stenosis in high surgical risk patients. US is the primary method used to follow carotid stent patency. This study investigates US velocity measurements in carotid ISR. METHODS: Two hundred sixty consecutive patients with CAS placement from June 2000 to June 2004 were followed with serial US. ISR was determined by using the standard US velocity criteria for nonstented carotid artery using peak systolic velocity (PSV), end-diastolic velocity (EDV), and internal carotid artery to common carotid velocity ratio (ICA/CCA ratio). Patients suspected of having carotid ISR > or =50% by US, underwent invasive angiography with stenosis graded by NASCET criteria. Results were compared to patients with nonstented carotid artery stenosis using Two-tailed Student's t-test. RESULTS: PSV and ICA/CCA ratio increased to a greater degree in ISR. In 50-69% stenotic arteries, the mean ICA/CCA ratio was 2.76 +/- 0.7 in the ISR group compared to 2.04 +/- 0.3 in the nonstented carotid group (P < 0.05). In > or =70% stenotic arteries, there were increases in PSV (520 +/- 93 vs. 362 +/- 60, P < 0.05) and ICA/CCA ratio (7.58 +/- 2 vs. 4.51 +/- 1.3, P < 0.05) in ISR versus nonstented carotid arteries, respectively. CONCLUSION: PSV and ICA/CCA ratio in ISR increased to a greater extent for angiographic stenosis > or =50%. PSV 240 cm/sec and ICA/CCA ratio 2.45 are optimal thresholds for > or =50% ISR, and PSV 450 cm/sec and ICA/CCA ratio 4.3 are optimal thresholds for > or =70% ISR.
New Doppler ultrasound criteria for renal artery in-stent restenosis [Meeting Abstract]
Intra-arterial adenoviral mediated tumor transfection in a novel model of cancer gene therapy
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to develop and characterize a novel in vivo cancer gene therapy model in which intra-arterial adenoviral gene delivery can be characterized. In this model, the rat cremaster muscle serves as the site for tumor growth and provides convenient and isolated access to the tumor parenchyma with discrete control of arterial and venous access for delivery of agents. RESULTS: Utilizing adenovirus encoding the green fluorescent protein we demonstrated broad tumor transfection. We also observed a dose dependent increment in luciferase activity at the tumor site using an adenovirus encoding the luciferase reporter gene. Finally, we tested the intra-arterial adenovirus dwelling time required to achieve optimal tumor transfection and observed a minimum time of 30 minutes. CONCLUSION: We conclude that adenovirus mediated tumor transfection grown in the cremaster muscle of athymic nude rats via an intra-arterial route could be achieved. This model allows definition of the variables that affect intra-arterial tumor transfection. This particular study suggests that allowing a defined intra-tumor dwelling time by controlling the blood flow of the affected organ during vector infusion can optimize intra-arterial adenoviral delivery.