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Rehabilitation after Hypoxic and Metabolic Brain Injury in a Mountain Climber [Case Report]

Chen, Henry Han; Lercara, Charnette; Lee, Vincent; Bushi, Sharon
A patient in her 50s presented with altered mental status and shortness of breath at 4600 m elevation. After descent to the base of the mountain, the patient became comatose. She was found to have bilateral pulmonary infiltrates and a serum sodium of 102 mEq/L. She was rapidly corrected to 131 mEq/L in 1 day. Initial MRI showed intensities in bilateral hippocampi, temporal cortex and insula. A repeat MRI 17 days post injury showed worsened intensities in the bilateral occipital lobes. On admission to acute rehabilitation, the patient presented with blindness, agitation, hallucinations and an inability to follow commands. Midway through her rehabilitation course, antioxidant supplementations were started with significant improvement in function. Rapid correction of hyponatraemia may cause central pontine myelinolysis or extrapontine myelinolysis (EPM). In some cases of hypoxic brain injury, delayed post-hypoxic leucoencephalopathy (DPHL) may occur. Treatment options for both disorders are generally supportive. This report represents the only documented interdisciplinary approach to treatment of a patient with DPHL and EPM. Antioxidant supplementation may be beneficial as a treatment option for both EPM and DPHL.
PMID: 38238166
ISSN: 1757-790x
CID: 5624422

When Free Is Not for Me: Confronting the Barriers to Use of Free Quitline Telephone Counseling for Tobacco Dependence

Sheffer, Christine; Brackman, Sharon; Lercara, Charnette; Cottoms, Naomi; Olson, Mary; Panissidi, Luana; Pittman, Jami; Stayna, Helen
Remarkable disparities in smoking rates in the United States contribute significantly to socioeconomic and minority health disparities. Access to treatment for tobacco use can help address these disparities, but quitlines, our most ubiquitous treatment resource, reach just 1%-2% of smokers. We used community-based participatory methods to develop a survey instrument to assess barriers to use of the quitline in the Arkansas Mississippi delta. Barriers were quitline specific and barriers to cessation more broadly. Over one-third (34.9%) of respondents (n = 799) did not have access to a telephone that they could use for the quitline. Respondents reported low levels of knowledge about the quitline, quitting, and trust in tobacco treatment programs as well as considerable ambivalence about quitting including significant concerns about getting sick if they quit and strong faith-based beliefs about quitting. These findings suggest quitlines are not accessible to all lower socioeconomic groups and that significant barriers to use include barriers to cessation. These findings suggest targets for providing accessible tobacco use treatment services and addressing concerns about cessation among lower income, ethnic minority, and rural groups.
PMID: 26703662
ISSN: 1660-4601
CID: 5262322