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Surgical Treatment of Patients with Poorly Differentiated Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Carcinoma: An NCDB Analysis

Kaslow, Sarah R; Vitiello, Gerardo A; Prendergast, Katherine; Hani, Leena; Cohen, Steven M; Wolfgang, Christopher; Berman, Russell S; Lee, Ann Y; Correa-Gallego, Camilo
BACKGROUND:Consensus guidelines discourage resection of poorly differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma (panNEC) given its association with poor long-term survival. This study assessed treatment patterns and outcomes for this rare malignancy using the National Cancer Database (NCDB). METHODS:Patients with non-functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors in the NCDB (2004-2016) were categorized based on pathologic differentiation. Logistic and Cox proportional hazard regressions identified associations with resection and overall survival (OS). Survival was compared using Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests. RESULTS:Most patients (83%) in the cohort of 8560 patients had well-differentiated tumors (panNET). The median OS was 47 months (panNET, 63 months vs panNEC, 17 months; p < 0.001). Surgery was less likely for older patients (odds ratio [OR], 0.97), patients with panNEC (OR, 0.27), and patients with metastasis at diagnosis (OR, 0.08) (all p < 0.001). After propensity score-matching of these factors, surgical resection was associated with longer OS (82 vs 29 months; p < 0.001) and a decreased hazard of mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 0.37; p < 0.001). Surgery remained associated with longer OS when stratified by differentiation (98 vs 41 months for patients with panNET and 36 vs 8 months for patients with panNEC). Overall survival did not differ between patients with panNEC who underwent surgery and patients with panNET who did not (both 39 months; p = 0.294). CONCLUSIONS:Poorly differentiated panNEC exhibits poorer survival than well-differentiated panNET. In the current cohort, surgical resection was strongly and independently associated with improved OS, suggesting that patients with panNEC who are suitable operative candidates should be considered for multimodality therapy, including surgery.
PMID: 35246811
ISSN: 1534-4681
CID: 5173682

ASO Visual Abstract: Surgical Treatment of Patients with Poorly Differentiated Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Carcinoma-An NCDB Analysis

Kaslow, Sarah R; Vitiello, Gerardo A; Prendergast, Katherine; Hani, Leena; Cohen, Steven M; Wolfgang, Christopher; Berman, Russell S; Lee, Ann Y; Correa-Gallego, Camilo
PMID: 35249164
ISSN: 1534-4681
CID: 5173692

Massive, Extended Pedicled Anterolateral Thigh Flap for Abdominal Wall Reconstruction

Frey, Jordan D; Jacoby, Adam; Cohen, Steven M; Saadeh, Pierre B; Levine, Jamie P
PMID: 33048851
ISSN: 1529-4242
CID: 4762402

Acute Care Surgeons' Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic: Observations and Strategies From the Epicenter of the American Crisis

Klein, Michael J; Frangos, Spiros G; Krowsoski, Leandra; Tandon, Manish; Bukur, Marko; Parikh, Manish; Cohen, Steven M; Carter, Joseph; Link, Robert Nathan; Uppal, Amit; Pachter, Hersch Leon; Berry, Cherisse
PMID: 32675500
ISSN: 1528-1140
CID: 4574222

Robotically Assisted Omentum Flap Harvest: A Novel, Minimally Invasive Approach for Vascularized Lymph Node Transfer

Frey, Jordan D; Yu, Jason W; Cohen, Steven M; Zhao, Lee C; Choi, Mihye; Levine, Jamie P
Background/UNASSIGNED:The omentum provides abundant lymphatic tissue with reliable vascular anatomy, representing an ideal donor for vascularized lymph node transfer without risk for donor site lymphedema. We describe a novel, robotically assisted approach for omental flap harvest. Methods/UNASSIGNED:All patients undergoing robotically assisted omentum harvest for vascularized lymph node transfer from 2017 to 2019 were identified. Patient demographics, intraoperative variables, and postoperative outcomes were reviewed. Results/UNASSIGNED:, respectively. Indications for lymph node transfer were upper extremity lymphedema following mastectomy, radiation, and lymphadenectomy (60.0%); congenital unilateral lower extremity lymphedema (20.0%); and bilateral lower extremity/scrotal lymphedema following partial penectomy and bilateral inguinal/pelvic lymphadenectomy (20.0%). Four patients (80.0%) underwent standard robotic harvest, whereas 1 patient underwent single-port robotic harvest. The average number of port sites was 4.4. All patients underwent omentum flap transfer to 2 sites; in 2 cases, the flap was conjoined, and in 3 cases, the flap was segmented. The average overall operative time was 9:19. The average inpatient hospitalization was 5.2 days. Two patients experienced cellulitis, which is resolved with oral antibiotics. There were no major complications. All patients reported subjective improvement in swelling and softness of the affected extremity. The average follow-up was 8.8 months. Conclusions/UNASSIGNED:Robotically assisted omental harvest for vascularized lymph node transfer is a novel, safe, and viable minimally invasive approach offering improved intra-abdominal visibility and maneuverability for flap dissection.
PMID: 32440389
ISSN: 2169-7574
CID: 4447032

Primary small intestine mesenteric low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma with foci of atypical epithelioid whorls and diffuse DOG1 expression: a case report

Huang, Jialing; Cohen, Steven; Jour, Gerorge
BACKGROUND:Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a rare fibroblastic tumor often involving deep tissue of trunk and lower extremities in young to middle-aged patients. Rarely, LGFMS can occur in other sites including head and neck, chest, abdomen and female reproductive system. Three cases of LGFMS in mesentery of small intestine have been reported and all have conventional histologic features. Herein we reported a unique case of LGFMS in mesentery of small intestine. CASE PRESENTATION/METHODS:A 43 year-old male with chief complaint of lower back pain for 4 years presented to our hospital. Physical exam reveal a firm, non-tender, non-distended, mobile large abdominal mass, which was shown on abdominal CT as a 10 cm retroperitoneal tumor. Biopsy revealed a spindle cell neoplasm in a myxoid background with a delicate vascular network. Tumor resection was performed. Gross examination of the resected specimen showed a 10.8 cm, tan-white, smooth, firm, lobulated mesenteric mass with bulging and gelatinous cut surface and confined within small bowel serosa. Microscopic examination demonstrated foci epithelioid cords and whorls with prominent atypia, in additional of regular, bland-appearing spindle cells in a fibrous and myxoid stroma and osseous metaplasia. The tumor cells stained diffusely positive for DOG1 with moderate staining density, and diffusely and strongly positive for MUC4. Rearrangement involving FUS (16p11.2) gene was identified with break-apart probe and confirmed by Anchored Multiplex PCR. A final diagnosis of low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma was rendered. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Our case highlights the importance of including LGFMS in the differential diagnosis of mesenteric tumors and the DOG1 positivity which could represent a potential diagnostic pitfall.
PMID: 32164724
ISSN: 1746-1596
CID: 4349842

Peripancreatic paraganglioma mimics pancreatic/gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumor on fine needle aspiration: report of two cases and review of the literature

Zeng, Jennifer; Simsir, Aylin; Oweity, Thaira; Hajdu, Cristina; Cohen, Steven; Shi, Yan
Cytologic diagnosis of extra-adrenal paraganglioma presenting as a peripancreatic mass is challenging with a high error rate due to its rarity. We report two cases of peripancreatic masses identified by radiology. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) of the masses showed a moderately cellular tumor composed of small to medium sized neoplastic cells with round to oval nuclei, arranged singly and in loose clusters. Focal rosette-like structures were present. The cells were positive for neuroendocrine markers (synaptophysin and chromogranin). A diagnosis of a neoplasm with neuroendocrine differentiation and neuroendocrine tumor was made respectively on FNA for each case. The subsequent surgical resection of the tumors revealed peripancreatic paraganglioma. Although paraganglioma has been reported in the literature, the detailed comparison of perpancreatic paraganglioma versus pancreatic/gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumor is still lacking. Therefore using these two cases with literature review, we wish to illustrate the differential diagnosis between these two entities based on cytomorphology and immunohistochemical study.
PMID: 28560856
ISSN: 1097-0339
CID: 2591722

Use of the surgical Apgar score to enhance Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program surgical risk assessment in veterans undergoing major intra-abdominal surgery

Masi, Antonio; Amodeo, Salvatore; Hatzaras, Ioannis; Pinna, Antonio; Rosman, Alan S; Cohen, Steven; Saunders, John K; Berman, Russell; Newman, Elliot; Ballantyne, Garth H; Pachter, Leon H; Melis, Marcovalerio
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the surgical Apgar score (SAS) may enhance the Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program (VASQIP) risk assessment for prediction of early postoperative outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated demographics, medical history, procedure, SAS, VASQIP assessment, and postoperative data for patients undergoing major/extensive intra-abdominal surgery at the Manhattan Veterans Affairs between October 2006 and September 2011. End points were overall morbidity and 30-, 60- , and 90-day mortality. Pearson's chi-square, ANOVA, and multivariate regression modeling were employed. RESULTS: Six hundred twenty-nine patients were included. Apgar groups did not differ in age, sex, and race. Low SASs were associated with worse functional status, increased postoperative morbidity, and 30-, 60- , and 90-day mortality rates. SAS did not significantly enhance VASQIP prediction of postoperative outcomes, although a trend was detected. Multivariate analysis confirmed SAS as an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: SAS effectively identifies veterans at high risk for poor postoperative outcome. Additional studies are necessary to evaluate the role of SAS in enhancing VASQIP risk prediction.
PMID: 27523923
ISSN: 1879-1883
CID: 2219252

Minimally Invasive Management of Ectopic Pancreas

Vitiello, Gerardo A; Cavnar, Michael J; Hajdu, Cristina; Khaykis, Inessa; Newman, Elliot; Melis, Marcovalerio; Pachter, H Leon; Cohen, Steven M
BACKGROUND: The management of ectopic pancreas is not well defined. This study aims to determine the prevalence of symptomatic ectopic pancreas and identify those who may benefit from treatment, with a particular focus on robotically assisted surgical management. METHODS: Our institutional pathology database was queried to identify a cohort of ectopic pancreas specimens. Additional clinical data regarding clinical symptomatology, diagnostic studies, and treatment were obtained through chart review. RESULTS: Nineteen cases of ectopic pancreas were found incidentally during surgery for another condition or found incidentally in a pathologic specimen (65.5%). Eleven patients (37.9%) reported prior symptoms, notably abdominal pain and/or gastrointestinal bleeding. The most common locations for ectopic pancreas were the duodenum and small bowel (31% and 27.6%, respectively). Three out of 29 cases (10.3%) had no symptoms, but had evidence of preneoplastic changes on pathology, while one harbored pancreatic cancer. Over the years, treatment of ectopic pancreas has shifted from open to laparoscopic and more recently to robotic surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Our experience is in line with existing evidence supporting surgical treatment of symptomatic or complicated ectopic pancreas. In the current era, minimally invasive and robotic surgery can be used safely and successfully for treatment of ectopic pancreas.
PMID: 28121494
ISSN: 1557-9034
CID: 2418502

Fatal Falls in New York City: An Autopsy Analysis of Injury Patterns

Obeid, Nabeel R; Bryk, Darren Jeremy; Lee, Timothy; Hemmert, Keith C; Frangos, Spiros G; Simon, Ronald J; Pachter, H Leon; Cohen, Steven M
INTRODUCTION: Falls from heights are an important cause of unintentional fatal injury. We investigated the relationship between the characteristics of fatal falls and resulting injury patterns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed prospectively collected data from the Office of Chief Medical Examiner in New York City between 2000 and 2010. Data included fall height, work or non-work related, use of safety equipment, intentionality, specific organ injuries, and death on impact. The primary outcome was organ injury based on fall height. RESULTS: Higher falls were associated with hemorrhage as well as rib and various organ injuries. Organ injury pattern did not differ based on work status. The presence of equipment misuse or malfunction was associated with more deaths upon impact. Victims of falls from 200 ft or higher were 11.59 times more likely to die on impact than from lower than 25 ft. CONCLUSIONS: Fall height and work-related falls were significantly associated with death on impact. This is a public health issue, as 13% of falls were work related and 4% of falls were due to improper use of safety equipment. Some work-related falls are potentially preventable with proper safety equipment use. Understanding patterns of injury may play a role in prevention and management of survivors in the acute period.
PMID: 26825256
ISSN: 1533-404x
CID: 2044112