Valproic Acid-Induced Necrotic Pancreatitis With Superior Mesenteric Vein Thrombosis: Case Report and Literature Review [Meeting Abstract]
The ACGME Self-Study-An Opportunity, Not a Burden
A SECOND LOOK AT POST-INTERVIEW COMMUNICATION [Meeting Abstract]
Adult (not internal) medicine [Letter]
Risk of postoperative upper gastrointestinal tract hemorrhage in patients with active peptic ulcer disease undergoing nonulcer surgery [Case Report]
BACKGROUND:Although peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is common in adults, the risk of bleeding from an active ulcer after nonulcer surgery is poorly defined in the literature. The objectives of this study were to define the risk of postoperative upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract hemorrhage in patients with active PUD and to identify risk factors that predict bleeding. METHODS:This case-control study was conducted at a suburban community teaching hospital. Sixty patients with active PUD at the time of nonulcer surgery were identified and compared with a control group of 120 patients without PUD. All charts were reviewed for the presence of coagulopathy, antiplatelet and anticoagulant drug use, preoperative and postoperative UGI tract bleeding, and perioperative medical therapy for PUD. RESULTS:Cases and controls were similar in age, length of stay, number of procedures, type of surgery, anticoagulant use, and presence of coagulopathy. Most patients had general surgery; none had neurosurgery, and few had cardiac surgery. Patients with PUD had a greater number of major diagnoses (P < .02), rate of preoperative UGI tract bleeding (P < .001), and use of perioperative antiulcer medications (P < .02). There was no difference in the rate of postoperative UGI tract bleeding between the two groups (P = .63; odds ratio, 1.3; 95% confidence interval, 1.21 to 1.41). There were no patient characteristics that predicted postoperative UGI tract bleeding. While 10% of patients with PUD experienced postoperative UGI tract bleeding, only one required blood transfusion; in the majority, the bleeding was clinically unimportant. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:For patients with PUD similar to this study group, nonulcer surgery need not be deferred to allow for peptic ulcer healing.
RISK OF BLEEDING FROM ACTIVE PEPTIC-ULCER DISEASE AFTER NONULCER SURGERY [Meeting Abstract]
Coronary artery disease in surgical patients. Preoperative evaluation
Primary care physicians play a major role in the risk stratification of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) preparing for noncardiac surgery. Preoperative risk assessment takes into account the type and urgency of surgery and the extent of underlying CAD. With this approach, patients can be categorized as being at high, intermediate, or low risk for postoperative cardiac complications. Judicious use of preoperative noninvasive cardiac testing may help identify those patients at particularly high risk for such complications.
Coronary artery disease in surgical patients. Perioperative management
With effective communication, optimal use of perioperative therapeutic techniques, and postoperative follow-up, the medical, surgical, and anesthetic teams can prevent or minimize cardiac complications that occur during the postoperative period. Up to 50% of postoperative myocardial infarctions may be silent, or they may present as congestive heart failure, hypotension, or arrhythmia. Dyspnea is a common finding. All high-risk patients should be monitored in the intensive care unit during the first 7 days after surgery, when adverse cardiac events are most common.
Thromboembolism prophylaxis. Choosing the proper method for surgical patients
The primary care physician can play a major role in preoperative consultation in terms of assisting the surgical team to reduce the risk of thromboembolism. A preoperative risk assessment takes into account the type and duration of surgery as well as the existence of risk factors such as age and underlying medical conditions. With careful communication, the consulting physician and surgical team can together select a method of preventing thromboembolism that will prove both safe and effective.
On-call experience of medical interns [Letter]