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International Medical Graduate Advising Recommendations From the Council of Residency Directors in Emergency Medicine Advising Student Committee

Zhang, Xiao Chi; Jarou, Zachary J; Danovich, Dimitry; Kellogg, Adam R; Lutfy-Clayton, Lucienne; Kenney, Adam; Edens, Mary Ann; Hillman, Emily
International Medical Graduate (IMG) physicians applying to residency training programs in a country different from where they completed medical school, bring beneficial diversity to a training program, but also face significant challenges matching into an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited residency program. Despite the growing number of IMG applications in Emergency Medicine (EM), there is a paucity of targeted recommendations for IMG applicants. As a result, the Council of Residency Directors (CORD) Advising Students Committee in EM (ASC-EM) created a dedicated IMG Advising Team to create a set of evidence-based advising recommendations based on longitudinal data from the National Residency Match Program (NRMP) and information collected from EM program directors and clerkship directors. IMG applicants should obtain at least two EM standardized letters of evaluation (SLOEs), review IMG matched percentages for programs-of-interest, analyze their objective scores with the previous matched cohorts, and rank at least 12 programs to maximize their chances of matching into EM.
PMID: 33005544
ISSN: 2168-8184
CID: 4617302

Effect of New York State Electronic Prescribing Mandate on Opioid Prescribing Patterns

Danovich, Dimitry; Greenstein, Josh; Chacko, Jerel; Hahn, Barry; Ardolic, Brahim; Ilyaguyev, Ben; Berwald, Nicole
BACKGROUND:Drug overdose was the leading cause of injury and death in 2013, with drug misuse and abuse causing approximately 2.5 million emergency department (ED) visits in 2011. The Electronic Prescriptions for Controlled Substances (EPCS) program was created with the goal of decreasing rates of prescription opioid addiction, abuse, diversion, and death by making it more difficult to "doctor-shop" and alter prescriptions. OBJECTIVE:In this study, we describe the opioid-prescribing patterns of emergency physicians after the introduction of the New York State EPCS mandate. METHODS:We conducted a retrospective, single-center, descriptive study with a pre-/post-test design. The pre-implementation period used for comparison was April 1-July 31, 2015 and the post-implementation period was April 1-July 31, 2016. All ED discharge prescriptions for opioid medications prior to and after the initiation of New York State EPCS were identified. RESULTS:During the pre-implementation study period, 22,221 patient visits were identified with 1366 patients receiving an opioid prescription. During the post-implementation study period, 22,405 patient visits were identified with 642 patients receiving an opioid prescription. This represented an absolute decrease of 724 (53%) opioid prescriptions (p < 0.0001), which is an absolute difference of 2.3% (95% confidence interval 2.0-2.6%). CONCLUSIONS:There was a significant decline in the overall number of opioid prescriptions after implementation of the New York EPCS mandate.
PMID: 31256931
ISSN: 0736-4679
CID: 4090212