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Return to driving following anatomic and reverse shoulder arthroplasty: a comparative analysis

DeBernardis, Dennis A; Lynch, Jeffrey C; Radack, Tyler; Austin, Luke S
BACKGROUND:The currently recommended time to return to driving following shoulder arthroplasty is controversial. The purpose of this study was to determine patient-specific factors associated with early return to driving after anatomic (aTSA) and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). METHODS:All patients aged >18 years undergoing primary aTSA or RTSA at a single institution over a 3-year period were retrospectively identified. Patients were emailed a questionnaire to determine time to postoperative return to driving and frequency of driving prior to and following surgery. Patients who did not drive prior to surgery or did not complete the questionnaire were excluded from analysis. Multivariate analysis was used to determine patient-specific factors associated with early return to driving (within 2 weeks following surgery) and delayed return (>6 weeks following surgery). RESULTS:Four hundred six patients were included for analysis (aTSA = 214, RTSA = 192). Patients undergoing aTSA were significantly younger (68 vs. 74 years) and drove more frequently both pre- and postoperatively than the RTSA cohort. One hundred percent of patients returned to driving postoperatively. Patients undergoing aTSA more commonly demonstrated earlier return to driving than RTSA patients (34% vs. 20%). Factors associated with increased odds of early return to driving included male sex (aTSA) and compliance with surgeon instruction (aTSA). Decreased odds of early return was associated with waiting to drive until cessation of sling use (RTSA), older age (RTSA), and increased body mass index (RTSA). The presence of surgical complications (aTSA) and prolonged use of narcotics (RTSA) were associated with return to driving >6 weeks following surgery. No difference in the rate of motor vehicle accidents was found between patients returning to driving <2 vs. >2 weeks postoperatively. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Patients undergoing aTSA return to driving sooner than those undergoing RTSA. Early return to driving appears to be influenced by patient sex, age, BMI, narcotic and sling use, and compliance with surgeon instruction, but does not appear to result in a high incidence of postoperative MVA.
PMID: 36528223
ISSN: 1532-6500
CID: 5504972

The Incidence of Symptomatic Mediastinal Compromise Following Medial Clavicle Fractures

DeBernardis, Dennis; Hameed, Daniel; Radack, Tyler M; Austin, Luke S
Medial clavicle fractures pose a concern for mediastinal compromise because of their proximity to the sternoclavicular joint. However, the true incidence of this complication is unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate fracture configuration and determine the incidence of mediastinal compromise following medial clavicle fractures. A retrospective analysis of all patients treated for isolated medial one-third clavicle fractures at a single institution was performed. Patient demographics, the mechanism of injury, complications, and treatment were recorded. The fracture pattern and orientation were determined from a review of injury radiographs and computed tomography scans. The incidence of subsequent mediastinal compromise was then identified via a chart review. One hundred five patients were included for analysis. Twenty-two patients (20.8%) had computed tomography scans for review. The average age was 56 years, with 53% of patients being male. Sixty-eight percent of patients reported a high-energy mechanism of injury. No patients demonstrated evidence of mediastinal compression on physical examination. No patients required hospitalization for complications secondary to mediastinal compromise. Ninety percent (n=94) of patients were treated nonoperatively. Forty-three percent of fractures were nondisplaced. The remaining fractures demonstrated anterior or superior displacement of the lateral fragment, with a 0% incidence of posterior displacement. The most common indication for surgery was fracture displacement (n=10). A classification of medial clavicle fractures was developed using data from our cohort and a literature review. Medial clavicle fractures rarely demonstrate posterior displacement. Despite fracture proximity, mediastinal injury is exceedingly uncommon. [Orthopedics. 2023;46(3):e161-e166.].
PMID: 36623270
ISSN: 1938-2367
CID: 5504982

Effectiveness of Corticosteroid Injections in Diabetic Patients With De Quervain Tenosynovitis

Buddle, Vincent Patrick; DeBernardis, Dennis; Lutsky, Kevin F; Beredjiklian, Pedro K; Matzon, Jonas L
PURPOSE:We sought to determine the effectiveness of corticosteroid injections (CSIs) for de Quervain tenosynovitis in patients with diabetes mellitus. METHODS:We retrospectively identified all patients with diabetes receiving a CSI for de Quervain tenosynovitis by 16 surgeons over a 2-year period. Data collected included demographic information, medical comorbidities, number and timing of CSIs, and first dorsal compartment release. Success was defined as not undergoing an additional CSI or surgical intervention. The mixture of a corticosteroid and local anesthetic provided in each injection was at the discretion of each individual surgeon. RESULTS:Corticosteroid injections were given to 169 wrists in 169 patients with diabetes. Out of 169 patients, 83 (49%) had success following the initial CSI, 44 (66%) following a second CSI, and 6 (67%) following a third CSI. A statistically significant difference was identified in the success rates between the first and second CSIs. Ultimately, 36 of 169 wrists (21%) underwent a first dorsal compartment release. CONCLUSIONS:Patients with diabetes mellitus have a decreased probability of success following a single CSI for de Quervain tenosynovitis in comparison to nondiabetic patients, as described in the literature. However, the effectiveness of each additional CSI does not appear to diminish. TYPE OF STUDY/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:Therapeutic IV.
PMID: 35534325
ISSN: 1531-6564
CID: 5504952

Biomechanical comparison of elbow stability constructs

Stenson, James F; Lynch, Jeffrey C; Cheesman, Quincy T; DeBernardis, Dennis; Kachooei, Amir; Austin, Luke S; Rivlin, Michael
BACKGROUND:Despite surgical stabilization of complex elbow trauma, additional fixation to maintain joint congruity and stability may be required. Multiple biomechanical constructs include a static external fixator (SEF), a hinged external fixator (HEF), an internal joint stabilizer (IJS), and a hinged elbow orthosis (HEO). The optimal adjunct fixation to surgical reduction is yet to be determined. METHODS:Eight matched cadaveric upper extremities were tested in a biomechanical model. Anteroposterior stress radiographs were obtained of the elbow in full supination at 0° and 45° of elbow flexion with the weight of the hand serving as a varus load as the baseline. A 360° capsuloligamentous soft-tissue release was performed around the elbow. The biomechanical constructs were applied in the same sequential order: SEF, HEF, IJS, and HEO. For each construct, 0 kg (0-lb) and 2.3 kg (5-lb) of weight were applied to the distal arm. At both weights, radiographs were obtained with the elbow at 0° and 45° of flexion, with subsequent measurement of displacement, congruence at the ulnohumeral joint, and the ulnohumeral opening angle. Statistical analysis was performed to quantify the strength and stability of each construct. RESULTS:Compared with the control group at 0° with and without 2.3 kg (5-lb) of varus force and at 45° with and without 2.3 kg (5-lb) of varus force, no difference was noted in the medial ulnohumeral joint space, lateral ulnohumeral joint space, or ulnohumeral opening angle between the SEF, HEF, and IJS. The gap change after exertion of a 2.3-kg (5-lb) force between the control condition and application of each construct demonstrated no difference between the SEF, HEF, and IJS. Comparison among destabilized elbows showed no significant difference between the SEF, HEF, and IJS. The HEO catastrophically failed in each position at 0 kg (0-lb) of weight. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:The SEF, HEF, and IJS are neither superior nor inferior at maintaining elbow congruity with the weight of the arm and 2.3 kg (5-lb) of varus stress. The HEO did not provide additional stability to the unstable elbow.
PMID: 35247577
ISSN: 1532-6500
CID: 5504932

Effect of Preoperative MRI Coracoid Dimensions on Postoperative Outcomes of Latarjet Treatment for Anterior Shoulder Instability

Paul, Ryan W; DeBernardis, Dennis A; Hameed, Daniel; Clements, Ari; Kamel, Sarah I; Freedman, Kevin B; Bishop, Meghan E
BACKGROUND/UNASSIGNED:Preoperative coracoid dimensions may affect the size of the bone graft transferred to the glenoid rim and thus the postoperative outcomes of Latarjet coracoid transfer. PURPOSE/UNASSIGNED:To determine the effect of coracoid length and width as measured on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on outcomes after Latarjet treatment of anterior shoulder instability. STUDY DESIGN/UNASSIGNED:Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS/UNASSIGNED:test, Mann-Whitney test, chi-square test, and Fisher exact test were used to compare outcomes between groups, and univariate correlation coefficients were calculated to evaluate the relationships between demographics and coracoid dimensions. RESULTS/UNASSIGNED:≥ .05 for all). CONCLUSION/UNASSIGNED:Patients undergoing Latarjet coracoid transfer had similar postoperative outcomes regardless of preoperative coracoid dimensions. These findings should be confirmed in a larger cohort before further clinical recommendations are made.
PMID: 35923867
ISSN: 2325-9671
CID: 5504962

Midterm outcomes and survivorship of arthroscopic elbow debridement: a comparison of posttraumatic versus primary degenerative osteoarthritis

DeBernardis, Dennis A; Santoro, Adam J; Minissale, Nicholas J; Kirsch, Jacob M; Cheesman, Quincy T; Alberta, Frank G; Austin, Luke S
BACKGROUND:Arthroscopic debridement is an effective means of surgical management of both degenerative osteoarthritis (DOA) and posttraumatic arthritis (PTA) of the elbow. However, the difference in the efficacy and longevity of this procedure when performed for these two distinct pathologies remains in question. The purpose of this study was to identify and compare the midterm outcomes and survivorship of arthroscopic debridement of elbow PTA and DOA. METHODS:A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing arthroscopic debridement of DOA and PTA of the elbow was performed. A questionnaire containing the Oxford Elbow Score, as well as questions regarding the incidence of reoperation, additional nonoperative intervention, complications, pain, and satisfaction, was given at 5 years, minimum, after surgery. The midterm survivorship of arthroscopic debridement free of reoperation for any reason, as well as the remaining outcome measurements obtained via the questionnaire and in-office evaluation, was compared between PTA and DOA cohorts. RESULTS: < .001) and ROM. Postoperative ROM was obtained at the final clinic visit at an average follow-up duration of 151 days and 255 days in the DOA and PTA cohorts, respectively. However, no difference in the degree of improvement in either outcome variable was identified after a comparison between cohorts. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Arthroscopic debridement is an equally efficacious treatment option for DOA and PTA of the elbow. Patients with either pathology can expect satisfactory elbow function and an improvement in pain with little chance of reoperation at the midterm of the follow-up duration.
PMID: 35141693
ISSN: 2666-6383
CID: 5504922

The Opioid Risk Tool: Can This Validated Tool Predict Post-Operative Opioid Dependence Following Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair?

DeBernardis, Dennis A; Stenson, DeBernardis; Cheeseman, Quincy T; Austin, Luke S
BACKGROUND/UNASSIGNED:Numerous attempts have been made to decrease the incidence of opioid dependence after orthopedic surgeries. However, no effective means of preoperative risk stratification currently exists. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of the Opioid Risk Tool (ORT) to predict the rate of opioid dependence 2 years after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR). METHODS/UNASSIGNED:We prospectively evaluated all patients undergoing primary ARCR at a single institution over a 1.5 year period with a minimum of 2-year follow-up. All patients completed the ORT prior to surgery and were stratified into Low, Moderate, and High risk categories. The primary outcome was postoperative opioid dependence, defined as receiving a minimum of 6 opioid prescriptions within 2 years following surgery. Secondary outcomes included the total number of morphine milligram equivalents prescribed, total number of opioid prescriptions filled, and total number of opioid pills prescribed during this time interval. All outcome variables were compared amongst Low, Moderate, and High risk groups. Assessment of a statistical correlation between each outcome variable and individual numerical ORT scores (1-9) was performed. RESULTS/UNASSIGNED:A total of 137 patients were included for analysis. No statistically significant difference was noted in any primary or secondary outcome variable when compared between Low, Moderate, and High risk groups. The total cohort demonstrated a 19% rate of post-operative opioid dependence. No correlation was identified between any outcome variable and individual numerical ORT scores. A greater rate of dependence and quantity of opioids prescribed was noted amongst patients with a history of prior opioid use. CONCLUSION/UNASSIGNED:The ORT was not predictive of the risk of opioid dependence or quantity of opioids prescribed after ARCR. Attention should be focused on alternative means of identification and management of patients at risk for opioid dependence after orthopedic procedures, including those with a history of prior opioid use.
PMID: 35291245
ISSN: 2345-4644
CID: 5504942

Percutaneous Skeletal Fixation of Painful Subchondral Bone Marrow Edema Utilizing an Injectable, Synthetic, Biocompatible Hyaluronic Acid-Based Bone Graft Substitute

Stark, Michael; DeBernardis, Dennis; McDowell, Chris; Ford, Elizabeth; McMillan, Sean
Subchondral bone marrow edema (SBME) represents a pathologic alteration of subchondral bone. A strong correlation exists between its presence and the progression of osteoarthritis. Very few treatment options exist between the spectrum of conservative management and the definitive treatment of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Tactoset® is an injectable synthetic, biocompatible hyaluronic acid-based bone graft substitute that allows for a minimally invasive treatment for painful SBME via percutaneous skeletal fixation (PSF). We present the technique of PSF using Tactoset.
PMID: 33294321
ISSN: 2212-6287
CID: 5504912

Percutaneous Skeletal Fixation of Painful Subchondral Bone Marrow Edema of the Knee

DeBernardis, Dennis; Stark, Michael; Ford, Elizabeth; McDowell, Christopher; McMillan, Sean
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE:To investigate the change in patient-reported pain after percutaneous skeletal fixation (PSF) and to determine the success rate of PSF in the prevention of additional intervention for the treatment of painful subchondral bone marrow edema (SBME) of the knee over a 2-year postoperative period. METHODS:This was a retrospective, single-surgeon analysis of patients undergoing PSF for painful, atraumatic SBME of the knee confirmed on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging with a minimum 2-year follow-up. Inclusion criteria were age >18 years, pain localized to the area of edema, failure of nonsurgical intervention (4 weeks of physical therapy and non-steroidal medication use), and absence of tricompartmental Kellgren-Lawrence grade 4 osteoarthritis. All patients underwent arthroscopy, followed by isolated PSF without additional chondral procedures. Pre- and postoperative visual analog scale scores were compared. The primary outcome measure of success was defined as a lack of additional intervention. This included viscosupplementation, corticosteroid injection, or conversion to arthroplasty. RESULTS: = .001). CONCLUSIONS:Patients undergoing PSF for the treatment of painful SBME may expect a decrease in knee pain and low rates of additional intervention over a 2-year postoperative period. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE/METHODS:Level IV; Therapeutic Case Series.
PMID: 33134998
ISSN: 2666-061x
CID: 5504902

The Application of Telemedicine in Upper Extremity Surgery

DeBernardis, Dennis A; Rivlin, Michael
PMID: 32607401
ISSN: 2345-4644
CID: 5504892