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Cheilectomy With Decompression Osteotomy for Treatment of Hallux Limitus and Rigidus: A Retrospective Study With 5-Year Outcomes

Shields, John; Gambhir, Neil; Alben, Matthew; Kogan, Alina; Greenberg, Paul; Delmonte, Rick
We examined outcomes following metatarsophalangeal joint cheilectomy with decompression osteotomy to evaluate the efficacy of this technique for treatment of hallux limitus/rigidus. At a minimum follow-up of 5 years, we identified 94 patients who fit the inclusion criteria. Chart review was performed to obtain range of motion (ROM) of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) preoperatively and at 6 weeks, 6 months, and 5 years postoperatively. Additionally, time to traditional shoe gear return, need for revision arthrodesis, radiographic findings, and postoperative visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores were reviewed. Statistical analysis was conducted by 1-way analysis of variance with post-hoc analysis and independent sample t-test. At an average follow-up of 6.3 ± 0.9 years, 42.3% (33/78) of females and 25.0% (4/16) of males reported limited ROM of the first MTPJ with 5 patients requiring first MTPJ arthrodesis. MTPJ ROM improved on average from 11.0° to 36.3° by 5-year minimum follow-up after surgery (p < .001). Analysis of variance revealed a significant difference of the preoperative ROM when compared to all postoperative time points (F[3,368] = 69.4, p < .001). Mean postoperative VAS pain scores after decompression osteotomy of the 5 patients who required MTPJ fusion were higher when compared to the rest of the patient cohort at final follow-up (7.4 ± 0.6 vs 1.5 ± 1.3; p < .001). Cheilectomy with decompression osteotomy for treatment of hallux limitus/rigidus leads to satisfactory long-term outcomes.
PMID: 36117052
ISSN: 1542-2224
CID: 5332992

Improved Clinical Outcomes and Patient Satisfaction of In-Office Needle Arthroscopy for the Treatment of Posterior Ankle Impingement

Mercer, Nathaniel P; Samsonov, Alan P; Dankert, John F; Gianakos, Arianna L; Stornebrink, Tobias; Delmonte, Rick J; Kerkhoffs, Gino M M J; Kennedy, John G
Purpose/UNASSIGNED:To investigate the short-term clinical outcomes and satisfaction for the first set of patients at our institution receiving in-office needle arthroscopy (IONA) for the treatment of posterior ankle impingement syndrome (PAIS). Methods/UNASSIGNED:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate patients who underwent IONA for PAIS between January 2019 and January 2021. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Pain Interference, and Pain Intensity scores. Patient satisfaction was measured at the final follow-up visit with a 5-point Likert scale. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was performed to compare preoperative and postoperative outcome scores. Results/UNASSIGNED:Ten patients (4 male and 6 female) with a mean age of 41.9 ± 15.5 years (range, 24-66 years) were included in the study. The mean follow-up time was 13.3 ± 2.9 months (range, 11-17 months). All mean preoperative FAOS scores demonstrated improvement after IONA, including FAOS symptoms (71.48 ± 10.3 to 80.3 ± 12.6), pain (69.3 ± 11.0 to 78.2 ± 13.9), activities of daily living (61.7 ± 8.8 to 77.93 ± 11.4), sports activities (55.6 ± 12.7 to 76.0 ± 13.6), and quality of life (46.6 ± 9.2 to 71.1 ± 12.1). There were 7 patients who participated in sports activities before the IONA procedure. Within this group, all patients returned to play at a median time of 4.1 weeks (range, 1-14 weeks). The median time to return to work was 3.4 ± 5.3 days. Patients reported an overall positive IONA experience with a mean rating scale of 9.5 ± 1.5 (range, 5-10). Conclusions/UNASSIGNED:The current study demonstrates that IONA treatment of PAIS results in significant pain reduction, a low complication rate, and excellent patient-reported outcomes. In addition, IONA for PAIS leads to high patient satisfaction with a significant willingness to undergo the same procedure again. Level of Evidence/UNASSIGNED:IV, therapeutic case series.
PMID: 35494297
ISSN: 2666-061x
CID: 5215792

Metastasis of Cutaneous B-Cell Lymphoma Affecting the Metatarsal Head: A Case Report [Case Report]

Huchital, Michael; Hoda, Syed T; Delmonte, Rick; Greenberg, Paul
There are few reported cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma metastasis to bone in the lower extremities. The authors present a case of cutaneous B-cell lymphoma thought to be in remission, with metastasis to the first metatarsal head with involvement in the synovial tissue of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. Following excision of the lesion, no further treatment was determined to be necessary. The patient was to be observed for local recurrence.
PMID: 33872366
ISSN: 1930-8264
CID: 5342042

Ankle Block

Chapter by: Kay, Joseph; Delmonte, Rick; Greenberg, Paul M
in: Hadzic's textbook of regional anesthesia and acute pain management by Hadzic, Admir (Ed)
New York : McGraw-Hill Education, [2017]
pp. ?-?
ISBN: 0071717595
CID: 2745682

Ankle block

Chapter by: Kay, Joseph; Delmonte, Rick J; Greenberg, Paul M
in: Textbook of regional anesthesia and acute pain management by Hadzic, Admir [Eds]
New York : McGraw-Hill, Medical Pub. Division, 2007
pp. 545-553
ISBN: 9780071449069
CID: 2056042

Modified lapidus arthrodesis for adolescent hallux abducto valgus

Grace, D; Delmonte, R; Catanzariti, A R; Hofbauer, M
The Lapidus arthrodesis was originally described for the surgical correction of hallux valgus associated with metatasus primus adductus. It was popularized on the adult patient with moderate to severe hallux valgus deformity. However, the authors present a retrospective review of 23 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 20 who underwent the procedures. Characteristics of adolescent hallux valgus include a smaller dorsal medial eminence, less valgus rotation of the hallux, and certain mechanical influences. These influences may include a generalized increase in motion at the first metatarsocuneiform joint. The modified Lapidus arthrodesis eliminates motion at the first metatarsocuneiform joint and therefore directly addresses an etiology of the deformity. Both preoperative and postoperative radiographs were evaluated for reduction in the 1-2 intermetatarsal angle. Patients were evaluated through either chart review or telephone interview for present activity level, comfortable footgear, and overall satisfaction of the procedure. Twenty-seven out of 30 feet (90%) had either a good or excellent result with only three complications and two recurrences over a mean follow-up of 61 months.
PMID: 10028464
ISSN: 1067-2516
CID: 2078662

Realistic expectations for pedal bypass grafts in patients with end-stage renal disease

Leers, S A; Reifsnyder, T; Delmonte, R; Caron, M
PURPOSE: Limb-threatening ischemia in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) represents a challenging clinical problem. Multiple series have shown the inferior limb salvage rate for femoropopliteal or femorotibial bypass grafts in this group. This outcome study is restricted to those patients with ESRD who require pedal bypass grafts for attempted limb salvage. METHODS: Between December 1, 1990, and December 31, 1997, 34 patients with ESRD underwent pedal bypass grafting on 41 limbs. This review explores the patient and bypass graft outcomes and their relationships to typical risk factors. RESULTS: The average age in the study was 64 years (range, 39 to 85 years). Twenty patients (59%) were men, 31 (91%) had diabetes, 32 (94%) were hypertensive, and 28 (82%) had coronary artery disease, but only 10 patients (29%) were smokers. All the patients were undergoing dialysis except 2 patients with functioning renal transplants. All bypass grafting procedures were performed for limb salvage. The follow-up periods ranged from 1 to 84 months (average, 13.5 months). With life-table analysis, the cumulative assisted primary patency rate was 62% at 1 year and 62% at 2 years. The limb salvage rate was 56% and 50% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. All the patients who were seen with heel gangrene had early limb loss or died. Seven of the 16 amputations (44%) were performed despite patent bypass grafts. Ten of the 16 amputations (63%) occurred within 3 months of the surgery. The survival rate was 64% at 1 year and 52% at 2 years. After the bypass graft procedure, the mean ankle brachial index and the toe pressure rose from 0.48 to 1.05 and 18 to 86, respectively. CONCLUSION: Modest success can be expected with pedal bypass grafts in patients with ESRD, with most failures occurring in the first 3 months. Limb salvage rates lag behind graft patency rates because of progressive necrosis despite a hemodynamically functioning bypass graft. Heel gangrene is a strong predictor for a negative outcome. Lastly, overall patient survival rates are poor but comparable with the rates of other patients with ESRD.
PMID: 9845648
ISSN: 0741-5214
CID: 2078652

The misuse of the Lapidus procedure [Letter]

Delmonte, R; Lee, M S
PMID: 9031035
ISSN: 1067-2516
CID: 2078672

Autogenous bone grafting

Hofbauer, M H; Delmonte, R J; Scripps, M L
Complex, out-of-the-ordinary problems are often encountered when evaluating patients for reconstructive foot and ankle surgery. Salvage of these complex problems in the foot and ankle often requires the use of autogenous bone grafts. This article provides a brief overview of autografts including indications, healing, graft types, and perioperative management.
PMID: 8915859
ISSN: 1067-2516
CID: 2078642