Expanding the knowledge base of resident and facility outcomes of care delivered by advanced practice nurses in long-term care: expert panel recommendations
In 2003, a panel of nationally recognized experts in geriatric practice, education, research, public policy, and long-term care convened to examine and make recommendations about care quality and safety issues related to advanced practice nurses (APNs) in nursing home practice. This article reports on the panel recommendation that addressed expanding the evidence base of resident and facility outcomes of APN nursing home practice. A review of the small but important body of research related to nursing home APN practice suggests a positive impact on resident care and facility outcomes. Recommendations are made for critically needed research in four key areas: (a) APN nursing home practice, (b) relative value unit coding, (c) outcomes related to geropsychiatric and mental health nursing services, and (d) outcomes related to geriatric specialization. The APN role could be significantly enhanced and executed if its specific contribution to resident and facility outcomes was more clearly delineated through the recommended rigorous research.
Bariatric programs in nursing homes
The increase in prevalence of obesity in older individuals and the association of obesity with increased morbidity, functional decline, hospitalization, and complications is expected to increase the number of individuals who have obesity requiring nursing home care, particularly subacute and short-term rehabilitation. Providing appropriate nursing home care to residents who have obesity requires environmental modifications, specialized equipment, and staff training. Effective nursing home care of residents who have obesity is interdisciplinary and requires special nursing, medical, nutritional, psychosocial, and rehabilitation considerations.
Experts recommend strategies for strengthening the use of advanced practice nurses in nursing homes
In 2003, The John A. Hartford Foundation Institute for Geriatric Nursing, New York University Division of Nursing, convened an expert panel to explore the potential for developing recommendations for the caseloads of advanced practice nurses (APNs) in nursing homes and to provide substantive and detailed strategies to strengthen the use of APNs in nursing homes. The panel, consisting of nationally recognized experts in geriatric practice, education, research, public policy, and long-term care, developed six recommendations related to caseloads for APNs in nursing homes. The recommendations address educational preparation of APNs; average reimbursable APN visits per day; factors affecting APNs caseload parameters, including provider characteristics, practice models, resident acuity, and facility factors; changes in Medicare reimbursement to acknowledge nonbillable time spent in resident care; and technical assistance to promote a climate conducive to APN practice in nursing homes. Detailed research findings and clinical expertise underpin each recommendation. These recommendations provide practitioners, payers, regulators, and consumers with a rationale and details of current advanced practice nursing models and caseload parameters, preferred geriatric education, reimbursement strategies, and a range of technical assistance necessary to strengthen, enhance, and increase APNs' participation in the care of nursing home residents