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[Transperineal laparoscopic nephrectomy in live-donors.]

Zhang, Da-Hong; Liu, Feng; Qi, Xiao-Long; Bai, Hong; Ding, Qing; Zhang, Yue-Long; Mao, Xia-Wa; Zhang, Wei; Mao, Zhu-Jie; Ren, Li-Gang; Xiao, Jia-Quan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy in live-donors. METHODS: Two cases of live-donor underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy in May and August 2008 respectively and both were followed up. RESULT: In two cases the operation time was 130, 10 min; blood loss was 50 ml; warm ischemic time was 30 s and 2 min; the length of artery was 4.0 cm and 3.5 cm; the length of vein was 3.0 cm. The grafted kidneys started to produce urine at 30 s and 10 s after blood supply. Renal function of donor returned to normal after two days. The donors were discharged at 7th day after the operation. Renal function of recipient was normal after 3 days. Conclusion: Transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy in live-donor is a safe and effective procedure, which provides kidney with satisfactory blood vessels and ureter for graft
PMID: 19253436
ISSN: 1008-9292
CID: 96393

Correlation between body weight (epididymal fat) and permeation rate of serum leptin through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in male rats aged 8 months

Suzuki, Mitsuro; Ding, Qing; Muranaka, Shiro; Kigure, Megumi; Kojima, Masaaki; Terada, Misao; Kataoka, Noyuri; Hagiwara, Akiko; Kromkhun, Pudcharaporn; Moritani, Naoki; Hashimoto, Haruo; Yokosuka, Makoto; Sakurai, Fujiro; Tanaka, Minoru; Saito, Toru R
In this study, in order to clarify the kinetics of leptin, we focused on the ratio of leptin concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid and serum in aged male rats, and examined the weight of epididymal fat, and the passage rate of leptin through the blood-brain barrier. In the lighter animals, the epididymal fat weight was low, while leptin concentrations in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid were also low. Conversely, in the heavier animals, the weight of epididymal fat and leptin concentrations in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid were higher. With regard to the ratio of leptin in the cerebrospinal fluid and serum, the passage rate of leptin through the blood-brain barrier was lower in the heavier animals than in the lighter animals
PMID: 18946186
ISSN: 1341-1357
CID: 96394

Tat-mediated intracellular delivery of T-bet protein into THP-1 cells can induce Th1-type response

Yang, Min; Wang, Shengjun; Wang, Suoying; Ma, Jie; Xu, Xiaopeng; Mao, Chaoming; Ma, Bing; Tong, Jia; Qiu, Gufeng; Shao, Qixiang; Ding, Qing; Xu, Huaxi
T-bet, a Th1-specific transcription factor, can promote the production of IFN-gamma. IFN-gamma is the principal Th1 effector cytokine and it has a crucial role in Th1 differentiation, which can drive the differentiation of naive CD4+T cells into T-helper 1 (Th1) cells. In our study, a human T-bet gene was fused with a gene fragment encoding HIV-1 protein transduction domain in a bacterial expression vector to produce a Tat/T-bet fusion protein. The expressed and purified Tat/T-bet proteins were transduced efficiently into THP-1 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner; when Tat/T-bet pretreated THP-1 cells were co-cultured with CD4+T cells, the IFN-gamma level increased higher to about 7 pg/ml, 10-folds as compared with the normal level when tested at 48 hours. The results demonstrated that the Tat/T-bet fusion protein can be efficiently transduced into antigen-presenting cells (APCs) like THP-1 cells and then regulated Th1/Th2 balance, which may act as a potential tool for gene therapy
PMID: 18300036
ISSN: 1532-4311
CID: 96395

MHC class II transactivator represses human IL-4 gene transcription by interruption of promoter binding with CBP/p300, STAT6 and NFAT1 via histone hypoacetylation

Zhou, Xiaorong; Jiang, Yang; Lu, Liming; Ding, Qing; Jiao, Zhijun; Zhou, Yun; Xin, Lijun; Chou, Kuang-Yen
In addition to its property of enhancing major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II expression, the class II transactivator (CIITA) was recently demonstrated to be involved in T helper type 1/type 2 (Th1/Th2) differentiation by regulating interleukin-4 (IL-4) gene transcription. There was however, controversy regarding whether CIITA promotes or suppresses IL-4 expression in the experiments with transgenic mice. To clarify the discrepancy by using simpler experimental systems, human Jurkat T cells that express IL-4 but not interferon-gamma, even if stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate plus ionomycin, were used for CIITA transfection. Significant suppression of IL-4 gene expression was demonstrated. Simultaneously, histones H3 and H4 in the IL-4 promoter were hypoacetylated. The suppression could be totally reversed by the histone deacetylatase inhibitor trichostatin A. Furthermore, the IL-4 expression was determined in primarily established human Th1/Th2 cells to which CIITA small interference RNA (siRNA) had been introduced. A substantially increased level of IL-4 was recorded in the CIITA siRNA-transfected Th1 cells, which was in parallel with significantly enhanced acetylation in histone H3 of the IL-4 promoter. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis indicated that CIITA abrogated the binding of coactivator CBP/p300 and transcription factors STAT6/NFAT1 to IL-4 promoter in the CIITA-transfected cells. In conclusion, CIITA was active in the repression of transcription activation of human IL-4 gene in both the T-cell line and the primary human CD4 T cells by preventing transcription factors from binding to IL-4 promoter through histone hypoacetylation. Our data confirm a potential significant role of CIITA in controlling Th1/Th2 differentiation via modulation of IL-4 gene activation
PMID: 17645498
ISSN: 1365-2567
CID: 96396

Up-regulation of IL-10 expression in dendritic cells is involved in Trichosanthin-induced immunosuppression

Zhou, Xiaorong; Yang, Neng; Lu, Liming; Ding, Qing; Jiao, Zhijun; Zhou, Yun; Chou, Kuang-Yen
We report here that Trichosanthin (Tk), a primary active component isolated from a Chinese traditional medicinal herb, Trichosanthes kirilowii, potently inhibits lymphocyte proliferative response in vitro. We found that Tk treatment increased production of the interleukins IL-4 and IL-10, while production of IL-2 and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) decreased in the allogeneic antigen-induced immune response. Moreover, up-regulation of IL-10 and IL-4 contributed to the inhibitory activities of Tk. Tk induced immunosuppression through an antigen presenting cell dependent way. Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most potent of the antigen presenting cells, which play a critical role in initiation and regulation of immune responses. We found that Tk could stimulate bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDC) to express IL-10. In addition, pre-exposure of BMDC to Tk produced increased levels of IL-10, but decreased levels of IL-12, following subsequent lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. Using BMDC obtained from IL-10 deficient mice, we provided evidence that it was IL-10 derived from DCs that initiated the Tk-induced immunosuppression. Furthermore, we found that Tk activated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) of BMDC and that JNK and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activations were associated with Tk-induced IL-10 up-regulation. These data suggest that Tk acts on the function of DCs to change the ratio of IL-10 to IL-12 production and, thus, predominantly inhibits Th1 responses
PMID: 17467810
ISSN: 0165-2478
CID: 96397

B7H1-Ig fusion protein activates the CD4+ IFN-gamma receptor+ type 1 T regulatory subset through IFN-gamma-secreting Th1 cells

Ding, Qing; Lu, Liming; Wang, Baolong; Zhou, Yun; Jiang, Yang; Zhou, Xiaorong; Xin, Lijun; Jiao, Zhijun; Chou, Kuang-Yen
It has been demonstrated in our previous work that, in the human skin-grafting model, the expression of costimulatory molecule B7H1 (PD-L1) by keratinocytes plays an essential role in inducing local tolerance via activation of IL-10-secreting T cells. This study further analyzes the role of B7H1 in differentiation of type 1 T regulatory (Tr1) cells and explores underlying mechanisms. Mouse fusion protein B7H1-Ig is used, together with immobilized anti-CD3 mAb, to costimulate the purified naive CD4+ T cells. B7H1-Ig-treated CD4+ T cells were found to activate a characteristic Tr1 population possessing a CD4+ CD25- Foxp3- CD45RBlow phenotype. These regulatory T cells strongly inhibited the Th1-dominated MLR by secretion of IL-10 and TGF-beta. Moreover, B7H1-treated Tr1 cells also resulted in suppressed clinical scores and demyelination when adoptively transferred into mice with experimental allergic encephalomyelitis. Furthermore, analysis of the cytokine profile indicated that there were two differential reaction patterns during the B7H1-Ig-induced Tr1 development. These two patterns were characterized by activation of IFN-gammaR+ IL-10R- Th1 and IFN-gammaR+ IL-10R+ Tr1 cells, respectively. Secretion of IFN-gamma by Th1 and the expression of IFN-gammaR on Tr1 were critical for further Tr1 differentiation, as demonstrated by mAb blocking and by analysis in IFN-gamma(-/-) mice. In conclusion, B7H1 is capable of inducing Tr1 differentiation from naive CD4+ T cells by coactivation in an IFN-gamma- or Th1-dependent manner. Our study may shed some light upon the clinical usage of B7H1 as a therapeutic reagent for induction of tolerance
PMID: 16951320
ISSN: 0022-1767
CID: 96398