Risk of hand-foot skin reaction with sorafenib: a systematic review and meta-analysis
BACKGROUND:Hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR) is a dose-limiting toxicity associated with sorafenib, an oral multi-kinase inhibitor with clinical activity against solid tumors. This study was conducted to determine the risk of developing HFSR among patients receiving sorafenib. PATIENTS AND METHODS/METHODS:Databases from Pubmed, Web of Science, and abstracts presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meetings from 2004 through July, 2007 were searched to identify relevant studies. Eligible studies were prospective clinical trials using single agent sorafenib. The summary incidence rate and the relative risk (RR) were calculated using random-effects model. RESULTS:A total of 4 883 patients in 11 trials with metastatic tumors were included for analysis. Among patients receiving sorafenib, the summary incidence of all-grade HFSR was 33.8% (95% CI: 24.5-44.7%) with significant difference between patients with RCC and non-RCC malignancy (RR 1.52, 95% CI: 1.32-1.75%, p<0.001). The incidence of high-grade HFSR was 8.9% (95% CI: 7.3-10.7%). In addition, sorafenib was associated with a significant increased risk of HFSR with RR of 6.6 (95% CI: 3.7 to 11.7, p<0.001) in comparison with controls. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:There is a significant risk of HFSR associated with sorafenib. Proper management and further study are recommended to reduce the risk.