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Diagnosing PFAPA during the COVID-19 era: clarity during quarantine [Letter]

Fiorito, Theresa; Akerman, Meredith; Noor, Asif; Krilov, Leonard R
PMID: 35190384
ISSN: 1468-2044
CID: 5172042

Multivalvular Endocarditis With Abscess: A Wild Goose Chase

Abuso, Stephanie; Rubin, Lily; Geraghty, Brian; Hoque, Tasneem; Better, Donna; Kumar, T K Susheel; Small, Adam; Halpern, Dan; Weisenberg, Scott; Fiorito, Theresa M
We report a case of Streptococcus mutans multivalvular infective endocarditis complicated by aortic root abscess and septic emboli in a 19-year-old male with a bicuspid aortic valve. This case illustrates the progression of untreated subacute bacterial endocarditis and highlights the importance of ongoing clinical suspicion for infective endocarditis in patients with underlying valvular defects.
PMID: 35389950
ISSN: 1532-0987
CID: 5205002

Suspected Case of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children Associated With SARS-CoV-2 Infection Presenting as Acute Pancreatitis in a Child With Leukemia [Case Report]

Goldstein, Rebecca; Kogan, Diana; Fiorito, Theresa M; Glasser, Chana L
Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) associated with SARS-CoV-2 may present with fever, elevated inflammatory markers, and multiorgan involvement. Although the gastrointestinal system is commonly affected in MIS-C patients, associated necrotizing pancreatitis is rare. We present an 11-year-old boy with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia in remission undergoing maintenance chemotherapy presenting with acute necrotizing pancreatitis. He developed fevers, fluid and electrolyte imbalance, respiratory distress, cytopenias, and coagulopathy, and was found to have markedly elevated inflammatory markers and positive SARS-CoV-2 antibodies. The patient met criteria for MIS-C and was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin with significant clinical improvement. This is the first known reported case of a child with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia who met criteria for MIS-C presenting as acute pancreatitis, and highlights the importance of considering a broader differential for pancreatitis in children given the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.
PMID: 34803353
ISSN: 1056-9103
CID: 5063232

Human Papillomavirus Knowledge and Communication Skills: A Role-Play Activity for Providers

Fiorito, Theresa M; Krilov, Leonard R; Nonaillada, Jeannine
Introduction:Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and related cancers are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Routine vaccination against HPV is recommended for patients starting at age 9-12 years. Discussing this vaccine with parents of young children can be challenging for clinicians. Barriers include parental beliefs, strength and quality of clinician recommendations, physician knowledge of HPV disease and vaccines, and provider comfort levels with discussing sexuality. Methods:Our interactive workshop began with a predidactic role-play session addressing common concerns about the HPV vaccine where participants took turns playing a concerned parent or provider. We then gave a 30-minute didactic lecture and conducted a postdidactic role-play session to practice communication skills in promoting the HPV vaccine. All participants completed pre- and postintervention knowledge and skill self-assessments. Results:< .0001, average score based on a 5-point Likert scale). Discussion:An interactive workshop utilizing role-play supplemented by a didactic lecture was effective in improving participants' knowledge, communication skills, comfort levels, and confidence levels regarding HPV disease and vaccines. The workshop offers a practical and interpersonal approach to improving learners' skills in discussing the HPV vaccine with parents.
PMID: 33907710
ISSN: 2374-8265
CID: 4853282

Neonatal Conjunctivitis Caused by Neisseria cinerea: A Case of Mistaken Identity

Fiorito, Theresa M; Noor, Asif; Silletti, Rodger; Krilov, Leonard R
We report a case of a 3-day-old boy with Neisseria cinerea conjunctivitis, originally misidentified as Neisseria gonorrhoeae conjunctivitis. Neonates are at increased risk for disseminated gonococcal infection, and physicians should be cognizant of N cinerea and its potential to be mistaken for N gonorrhoeae.
PMID: 30462276
ISSN: 2048-7207
CID: 3479812

Cold Weather Viruses

Noor, Asif; Fiorito, Theresa; Krilov, Leonard R
PMID: 31575801
ISSN: 1526-3347
CID: 4116892

Nephrotoxicity With Vancomycin in the Pediatric Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Fiorito, Theresa M; Luther, Megan K; Dennehy, Penelope H; LaPlante, Kerry L; Matson, Kelly L
BACKGROUND:Vancomycin is frequently used to treat methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections in pediatric patients. Vancomycin exposure may lead to an increase in frequency of nephrotoxicity. Our aim was to conduct a systematic review to describe predictors of nephrotoxicity associated with vancomycin, including documented trough concentrations ≥15 mg/L. We also aimed to use a meta-analysis to assess the impact of a vancomycin trough ≥15 mg/L on nephrotoxicity. METHODS:A literature search was performed using PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase and Web of Sciences database. We included randomized clinical trials and observational studies evaluating the relationship between vancomycin troughs and nephrotoxicity in pediatric-age patients. Studies not measuring troughs or defining a different cut-off point than 15 mg/L were excluded. Data on age, exclusion criteria, nephrotoxicity definition, risk factors for nephrotoxicity and vancomycin trough levels were extracted from selected papers. RESULTS:Ten studies were identified for meta-analysis. All subjects had comparatively normal baseline serum creatinine values. Common risk factors identified included elevated (≥15 mg/L) trough levels, renal impairment, hypovolemia and concurrent use of nephrotoxic medications. Troughs ≥15 mg/L increased nephrotoxicity by 2.7-fold (odds ratio (OR), 2.71; 95% confidence interval: 1.82-4.05; I = 40%; Q = 0.09). These odds were further increased among patients in the pediatric intensive care unit (OR, 3.61; 95% confidence interval: 1.21-10.74; I = 45%; Q = 0.18). CONCLUSIONS:Though the rate of vancomycin-induced nephrotoxicity is increased in pediatric patients with higher vancomycin troughs, other factors such as intensive care unit admission, hypovolemia and concurrent nephrotoxic drug use appear to contribute to the development of nephrotoxicity.
PMID: 29280786
ISSN: 1532-0987
CID: 3497072

Adverse Events Following Vaccination With Bivalent rLP2086 (Trumenba®): An Observational, Longitudinal Study During a College Outbreak and a Systematic Review

Fiorito, Theresa M; Baird, Grayson L; Alexander-Scott, Nicole; Bornschein, Suzanne; Kelleher, Catherine; Du, Nan; Dennehy, Penelope H
BACKGROUND:In February 2015, two unlinked culture-confirmed cases of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (MenB) disease occurred at a local college in Rhode Island ("college X") within 3 days. This represented a 489-fold increase in the incidence of MenB disease, and an outbreak was declared. For the first time, bivalent rLP2086 (Trumenba) was selected as a mandatory intervention response. A mass vaccination clinic was coordinated, which provided a unique opportunity to collect safety data in a real-world population of college-age participants. Though the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends MenB vaccination for college-age individuals (16-23 year olds), there is limited quantifiable safety data available for this population. METHODS:The Dillman total design survey method was used. Adverse events of bivalent rLP2086 were solicited and quantified retrospectively 2-4 months following each dose of vaccine. Safety data from six clinical trials were used as comparison tools. RESULTS:The most commonly reported adverse event following vaccination was injection site pain. Reported rates of injection site pain, fatigue, myalgia, fever, and chills were similar than those reported in clinical trials. Reported rates of headache were lower than in clinical trials. CONCLUSIONS:This study is the first to examine adverse events of bivalent rLP2086 in a real-world setting where more than 90% of a college-age population was vaccinated.
PMID: 28834957
ISSN: 1532-0987
CID: 3497062

Borrelia miyamotoi Polymerase Chain Reaction Positivity on a Tick-Borne Disease Panel in an Endemic Region of Rhode Island A Case Series

Fiorito, Theresa M.; Reece, Rebecca; Flanigan, Timothy P.; Silverblatt, Fredric J.
Background: Borrelia miyamotoi is a newer cause of ixodid (hardbodied) tick-borne illness. Because symptoms are generally nonspecific and pathognomonic clinical features are lacking, whole blood polymerase chain reaction (PCR) may be useful for confirming a diagnosis. A tick-borne disease panel ("TBD-3") bundled with Borrelia species (including B. miyamotoi) PCR ("TBD-3M") was offered for patients with suspicion of TBD during 2014-2015 at South County Hospital in Rhode Island, an endemic region for many tick-borne illnesses.
ISSN: 1056-9103
CID: 3496662

Rapid response to a college outbreak of meningococcal serogroup B disease: Nation's first widespread use of bivalent rLP2086 vaccine

Fiorito, Theresa M; Bornschein, Suzanne; Mihalakos, Alysia; Kelleher, Catherine M; Alexander-Scott, Nicole; Kanadanian, Koren V; Raymond, Patricia; Sicard, Kenneth; Dennehy, Penelope H
OBJECTIVE:To outline the reasoning behind use of bivalent rLP2086 in a Rhode Island college meningococcal B disease outbreak, highlighting the timeline from outbreak declaration to vaccination clinic, emphasizing that these two time points are <3 days apart. PARTICIPANTS/METHODS:Staff, faculty, and students at College X eligible for vaccination. METHODS:An outbreak response was initiated, advantages/disadvantages of available MenB vaccines were discussed, and a vaccination clinic was coordinated. RESULTS:Bivalent rLP2086 was chosen as the vaccination intervention. We achieved a 94% coverage rate for the first dose. To date, this intervention has prevented further cases of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B disease at College X. CONCLUSIONS:The close, efficient collaboration of public health stakeholders and College X led 94% of the eligible population to be safely vaccinated with at least one dose of bivalent rLP2086. This outbreak marked the first time bivalent rLP2086 was effectively used as an intervention response.
PMID: 28121236
ISSN: 1940-3208
CID: 3497052