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Disarming racial microaggressions: Microintervention strategies for targets, White allies, and bystanders

Sue, Derald Wing; Alsaidi, Sarah; Awad, Michael N; Glaeser, Elizabeth; Calle, Cassandra Z; Mendez, Narolyn
Given the immense harm inflicted on individuals and groups of color via prejudice and discrimination, it becomes imperative for our nation to begin the process of disrupting, dismantling, and disarming the constant onslaught of micro- and macroaggressions. For too long, acceptance, silence, passivity, and inaction have been the predominant, albeit ineffective, strategies for coping with microaggressions. Inaction does nothing but support and proliferate biased perpetrator behaviors which occur at individual, institutional and societal levels. This article introduces a new strategic framework developed for addressing microaggressions that moves beyond coping and survival to concrete action steps and dialogues that targets, allies, and bystanders can perform (microinterventions). A review of responses to racist acts, suggest that microaggression reactions/interventions may be primarily to (a) remain passive, retreat, or give up; (b) strike back or hurt the aggressor; (c) stop, diminish, deflect, or put an end to the harmful act; (d) educate the perpetrator; (e) validate and support the targets; (f) act as an ally; (g) seek social support; (h) enlist outside authority or institutional intervention; or (h) achieve any combination of these objectives. We organize these responses into four major strategic goals of microinterventions: (a) make the invisible visible, (b) disarm the microaggression, (c) educate the perpetrator, and (d) seek external reinforcement or support. The objectives and rationale for each goal are discussed, along with specific microintervention tactics to employ and examples of how they are executed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).
PMID: 30652905
ISSN: 1935-990x
CID: 4903712

Family-Based Interventions with Transgender and Gender Expansive Youth: Systematic Review and Best Practice Recommendations [Review]

Malpas, Jean; Pellicane, Michael J.; Glaeser, Elizabeth
ISSN: 2688-4887
CID: 4903752

Paving their own paths : what kids & teens can teach us about sexual and gender identity

Chapter by: Janssen, Aron; Glaeser, Elizabeth; Liaw, K
in: Cultural Sensitivity in Child and Adolescent Mental Health by Parekh, Ranna; Gorrindo, Tristan; Rubin, David
[Boston MA] : Massachusetts General Hospital Psychiatry Academy, 2016
pp. ?-?
ISBN: 0985531878
CID: 2914652

Persecution Experiences and Mental Health of LGBT Asylum Seekers

Hopkinson, Rebecca A; Keatley, Eva; Glaeser, Elizabeth; Erickson-Schroth, Laura; Fattal, Omar; Nicholson Sullivan, Melba
INTRODUCTION: Asylum seekers are a unique population, particularly those who have endured persecution for their sexual orientation or gender identity. Little data exist about the specific experiences and needs of asylum seekers persecuted due to lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT) identity. METHODS: Quantitative data were gathered regarding demographics, persecution histories, and mental health of 61 clients from a torture survivors program in New York City who reported persecution due to LGBT identity. Thirty-five clients persecuted due to their LGBT identity were matched by country of origin and sex with clients persecuted for other reasons in order to explore how persecution and symptoms may differ for LGBT clients. RESULTS: LGBT asylum seekers have a higher incidence of sexual violence, persecution occurring during childhood, persecution by family members, and suicidal ideation. CONCLUSIONS: Understanding the type of persecution experiences and how these influence mental health outcomes is an essential step towards designing and delivering effective treatments.
PMID: 27831853
ISSN: 1540-3602
CID: 2304482

Implementing evidence-based psychotherapies for children and adolescents within complex mental health systems

Chapter by: Hoagwood, Kimberly Eaton; Peth-Pierce, Robin; Glaeser, Elizabeth; Whitmyre, Emma; Shorter, Priscilla; Vardanian, Maria Michelle
in: Evidence-based psychotherapies for children and adolescents by Weisz, John R [Ed]; Kazdin, Alan E [Ed]
New York, NY, US: Guilford Press, 2018
pp. 466-483
ISBN: 978-1-4625-2269-9
CID: 3155642

Developing a sustainable child and family service system after a community tragedy: Lessons from Sandy Hook

Hoagwood, Kimberly Eaton; Olin, Su-Chin Serene; Wang, Nicole M; Pollock, Michele; Acri, Mary; Glaeser, Elizabeth; Whitmyre, Emma D; Storfer-Isser, Amy; Horwitz, Sarah McCue
This paper describes a systematic approach to assessing community services post-Sandy Hook shooting. An evaluation team was invited to develop a sustainability plan for community services in Newtown. Service organizations, providers and families were interviewed. Descriptive statistics were used to characterize the range of services; respondent perspectives were coded using content analysis. We found that Newtown has a broad array of community services, but respondent groups varied in their perceptions of service adequacy. Consensus existed about core components of an ideal service system, including centralizing access; coordinating care; personalizing and tailoring services for families; and providing evidence-based care. The strategic community assessment approach developed here may inform how communities examine their service capacity and develop sustainability plans post-disaster.
PMID: 28775389
ISSN: 0090-4392
CID: 2655962

Working with gender-expansive clients in psychotherapy [Case Report]

Brewster, Melanie E; Motulsky, Wei; Glaeser, Elizabeth
Gender expansive individuals of all ages are at an elevated risk for mental and physical health problems compared not only to the general population, but also to lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals. Yet mental healthcare providers tend to be underprepared to provide services to this population, which is due in part to the dearth of scholarship on how to provide competent care to gender-expansive people. The present article introduces themes and terminology crucial to working with this population, as well as three case studies-two individuals and one family-highlighting the nuances inherent in workng with gender expansive clients. We conclude by offering ways to conceptualize each case, and by highlighting certain areas that we believe deserve specific considerations from care providers.
PMID: 31503335
ISSN: 1097-4679
CID: 4903722

Adonis on the Apps: Online Objectification, Self-Esteem, and Sexual Minority Men

Breslow, Aaron S.; Sandil, Riddhi; Brewster, Melanie E.; Parent, Mike C.; Chan, Anthea; Yucel, Aysegul; Bensmiller, Nicholas; Glaeser, Elizabeth
ISSN: 1524-9220
CID: 4903742

A Descriptive Case Study of a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Group Intervention Adaptation for Transgender Youth With Social Anxiety Disorder

Busa, Samantha; Wernick, Jeremy; Kellerman, John; Glaeser, Elizabeth; McGregor, Kyle; Wu, Julius; Janssen, Aron
PMID: 35765467
ISSN: 0278-8403
CID: 5281132

Thematic Qualitative Content Analysis of Cishet Allies' Activism: Perceptions of Igniting Events and Barriers to Activism

Jones, K Nicole; Hoover, Stephanie; Glaeser, Elizabeth; Woods, Christy Jersin; Clark, Michael; Brewster, Melanie
Though notable progress has been made in protections for LGBTQ people in the United States, they are still disproportionately victims of discrimination and harassment. Activism efforts on behalf of LGBTQ communities by heterosexual, cisgender people-known as cishet allies-are critical to maintaining and gaining civil rights. Social justice praxis encourages people with privileged identities, such as heterosexuals, to act on behalf of and in coalition with LGBTQ communities. The current study conducted a thematic qualitative content analysis of open-ended self-report data about activist behaviors and beliefs of 249 self-identified cishet allies. Results describe: types of activism, events that sparked activism, motivators for activism, and barriers to activism. Findings show that educating self and others are key activist behaviors while social media usage may mitigate barriers, such as perceived lack of social support and time. Findings are discussed in context of sample limitations and future research directions are outlined.
PMID: 34003082
ISSN: 1540-3602
CID: 4903732