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Integrating medicine, engineering and business to educate early-stage researchers in cardiovascular device development

Vizgan, Gabriel; Hill-Whilton, Zachary; Gillespie, Colleen; Cobos, Daniel; Johnson, LeAnn; Dib, Nabil; Gold-von Simson, Gabrielle
PMID: 36207597
ISSN: 1546-1696
CID: 5339902

Chronic Non-infectious Osteomyelitis Mimicking Scurvy as the Presenting Sign of Crohn's Disease: Case Report [Case Report]

Goldfarb, Alexa; Breitling, Stefan; Amadasun, Owen; Kiernan, Bridget; Gold-von Simson, Gabrielle; Sagalowsky, Selin T
Chronic non-infectious osteomyelitis (CNO) is a rare, inflammatory process associated with pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Signs and symptoms of CNO parallel scurvy, a nutritional deficiency that can affect children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This is the first report of a child initially thought to have scurvy, then subsequently diagnosed with CNO as the presenting manifestation of Crohn's disease. This case enhances the literature elucidating extra-intestinal manifestations of IBD and pediatric nutritional deficiencies.
PMID: 35498788
ISSN: 2296-2360
CID: 5203372

Characteristics of Hospitalized Children With SARS-CoV-2 in the New York City Metropolitan Area

Verma, Sourabh; Lumba, Rishi; Dapul, Heda M; Simson, Gabrielle Gold-von; Phoon, Colin K; Phil, M; Lighter, Jennifer L; Farkas, Jonathan S; Vinci, Alexandra; Noor, Asif; Raabe, Vanessa N; Rhee, David; Rigaud, Mona; Mally, Pradeep V; Randis, Tara M; Dreyer, Benard; Ratner, Adam J; Manno, Catherine S; Chopra, Arun
PMID: 33033078
ISSN: 2154-1671
CID: 4627202

Factors Associated With Parental Participation in Family-Centered Rounds

Glick, Alexander F; Goonan, Michael; Kim, Chan; Sandmeyer, Diana; Londoño, Kevin; Gold-von Simson, Gabrielle
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:Although families positively perceive family-centered rounds (FCR), factors associated with engagement have been examined in few studies. Our objective for this study was to test the hypothesis that inviting the parent to speak and nurse presence are associated with parent engagement during FCR. METHODS:= 199) of inpatients on the pediatric hospital medicine service at an academic medical center. We used a standardized checklist to record outcomes of engagement (number of questions asked and participation occurrences), predictor variables (team invited parent to speak, nurse presence), and other encounter-related variables. Parents were surveyed to assess parent and child characteristics and experiences during FCR. We examined parent, child, and encounter characteristic associations with the above outcomes using bivariate analyses and (for those associated in bivariate analyses) Poisson regressions. RESULTS:Inviting the parent to speak was independently associated with the number of questions asked (incident rate ratio [IRR] 1.4; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.1-1.7). Trusting the medical team was inversely associated with questions asked (IRR 0.8; 95% CI 0.6-0.97). Factors associated with total participation included invitation for the parent to speak (IRR 1.5; 95% CI 1.3-1.6), nurse presence (IRR 1.3; 95% CI 1.1-1.5), white race (IRR 1.2; 95% CI 1.1-1.4), clerkship student presentation (IRR 1.2; 95% CI 1.03-1.3), and parent inclusion in rounding arrangement (IRR 1.5; 95% CI 1.05-2). CONCLUSIONS:Parents present during FCR are more engaged when invited to speak. Nurse presence was associated with total parent participation. Future studies to inform interventions to optimize engagement are warranted.
PMID: 33303474
ISSN: 2154-1671
CID: 4709252

Cultivating a New Generation of Biomedical Entrepreneurs

Gold-von Simson, Gabrielle; Gilon-Yanai, Michal; Gillespie, Colleen; Chitale, Sadhana; Achuonjei, Joy; Cobos, Daniel
In recent years, scientific and technological advances have brought great innovation within the life sciences industry, introducing the need for entrepreneurship training for medical and engineering graduates. With this in mind, Michal Gilon-Yanai, Dr Robert Schneider and their collaborators developed an academic program designed to provide students and faculty members with the skills they need to become successful entrepreneurs. The team of collaborators includes Dr Gabrielle Gold-von Simson, an expert in implementing academic programs, and Dr Colleen Gillespie, who specialises in education, evaluation and dissemination science. Their pioneering program trains students on how to bring new biomedical technologies to the market.
PMID: 34194817
ISSN: 2059-898x
CID: 4926842

Improving Birth Dose Hepatitis B Vaccination Rates: A Quality Improvement Intervention

Bradshaw, Chanda; DiFrisco, Eileen; Schweizer, William; Pavsic, Joy; Demarco, Kathleen; Weckesser, Jane; Gold-VonSimson, Gabrielle; Rosenberg, Rebecca E
BACKGROUND:There are 43 000 new cases of hepatitis B virus infection and 1000 cases of perinatally acquired infection each year in the United States. National recommendations are to administer hepatitis B (HepB) vaccine to all stable newborns >2000 g within 24 hours of birth. Our primary objective was to increase institutional vaccination rates from a baseline of 52% to goal >85% before hospital discharge. METHODS:In February 2017, we instituted a multidisciplinary quality improvement project aimed at increasing HepB vaccination birth dose rates. Interventions included (1) standardizing the process of offering HepB vaccine via scripting and timing, (2) engaging and educating parents, and (3) educating physicians and nurses regarding the importance of HepB vaccination and strategies to discuss HepB vaccination with vaccine-hesitant parents. The main outcome measure was the percentage of newborns receiving HepB vaccination by discharge. The secondary outcome was the percentage of newborns receiving HepB vaccination by 12 hours of life per New York State Department of Health recommendation. Data were analyzed by using statistical process control P-charts. RESULTS:A total of 21 108 newborns were included between July 2015 and April 2019. In addition to several upward centerline shifts, implementation of interventions resulted in increased and sustained HepB vaccination rates by hospital discharge from a baseline of 52.4% to 72.5%. Rates by 12 hours of life increased from 21.5% to 42.5%. CONCLUSIONS:Multidisciplinary collaboration, scripting, and provider and staff education regarding the risks of hepatitis B virus, benefits of HepB vaccine, and strategies to discuss HepB vaccination with parents significantly increased vaccination rates. Further efforts to improve vaccination rates to within 12 hours are preferable.
PMID: 32341000
ISSN: 2154-1671
CID: 4436852

Parent Perspectives on Participation in Family-Centered Rounds and Informational Resource Use

Glick, Alexander F; Goonan, Michael; Sherman, Jacob; Sandmeyer, Diana; Gold-von Simson, Gabrielle
Objectives: Family-centered rounds (FCR) can improve communication and patient/family engagement. While use of informational resources (e.g., tablets, computers on wheels, paper notes) can guide FCR, there are limited data concerning parental perspectives on how use of these resources during FCR, or other factors, affect their engagement. Our objectives were to examine parental perspectives on factors that affect their participation during FCR and preferences for informational resources used. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study with English-speaking parents (n = 200), of pediatric inpatients at an academic medical center, present during FCR. We surveyed parents to ascertain factors they believed affect their engagement during FCR. We asked about their preferences regarding informational resources used by the medical team. Responses were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Parents described their reasoning behind resource preferences, and we categorized these responses. Results: Parents reported that participation was affected by: clarity of the medical team's explanations (78.5%), understanding the information (75.5%), the child's health (74.5%), and being asked for their input (71%). Few (25%) parents believed the informational resource affects participation. Tablets were the preferred resource (24%) due to portability and ease of use, although 56% of parents had no preference. Conclusions: Parents of hospitalized children placed importance on delivery of clear information and an "invitation" to participate during FCR. The resource used by the team was less important, although tablets were most preferred. Next steps are to examine factors associated with objective measures of participation and further study FCR in families with limited English proficiency.
PMID: 32695734
ISSN: 2296-2360
CID: 4532362

A Longitudinally Extensive Spinal Cord Lesion Restricted to Gray Matter in an Adolescent Male [Case Report]

Golub, Danielle; Williams, Faith; Wong, Taylor; Iyengar, Nishanth; Jolley, Hannah; Sabadiah, Sakinah; Rhee, David; Gold-von Simson, Gabrielle
Longitudinally extensive spinal cord lesions (LECL) restricted to gray matter are poorly understood as are their neurodevelopmental repercussions in children. We herein report the critical case of a 13-year-old male presenting with progressive quadriparesis found to have cervical LECL restricted to the anterior horns. Challenged with a rare diagnostic dilemma, the clinical team systematically worked through potential vascular, genetic, infectious, rheumatologic, and paraneoplastic diagnoses before assigning a working diagnosis of acute inflammatory myelopathy. Nuanced consideration of and workup for both potential ischemic causes (arterial dissection, fibrocartilaginous embolism, vascular malformation) and specific inflammatory conditions including Transverse Myelitis, Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorders (NMOSD), Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM), and Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM) is explained in the context of a comprehensive systematic review of the literature on previous reports of gray matter-restricted longitudinally extensive cord lesions in children. Treatment strategy was ultimately based on additional literature review of treatment-refractory acute inflammatory neurological syndromes in children. A combination of high-dose steroids and plasmapheresis was employed with significant improvement in functional outcome, suggesting a potential benefit of combination immune-modulatory treatment in these patients. This case furthermore highlights quality clinical reasoning with respect to the elusive nature of diagnosis, nuances in neuroimaging, and multifocal treatment strategies in pediatric LECL.
PMID: 30949125
ISSN: 1664-2295
CID: 4095202

Teaching Targeted Drug Discovery and Development to Healthcare Professionals

Fruchter, Renee; Ahmad, Meleha; Pillinger, Michael; Galeano, Claudia; Cronstein, Bruce N; Gold-von Simson, Gabrielle
Drug discovery and development (DDD) is an interdisciplinary enterprise that spans the translational continuum. Despite DDD's importance, formal training within medical and biomedical schools is lacking. In this tutorial, we outline the current educational landscape in DDD and the growing educational need in this area. Lastly, we describe the Health Innovations and Therapeutics concentration as an example of how to design and implement an educational program in DDD.
PMID: 29110398
ISSN: 1752-8062
CID: 2773132

Training scientists as future industry leaders: teaching translational science from an industry executive's perspective

Lee, Gloria; Kranzler, Jay D; Ramasamy, Ravichandran; Gold-von Simson, Gabrielle
PhDs and post-doctoral biomedical graduates, in greater numbers, are choosing industry based careers. However, most scientists do not have formal training in business strategies and venture creation and may find senior management positions untenable. To fill this training gap, "Biotechnology Industry: Structure and Strategy" was offered at New York University School of Medicine (NYUSOM). The course focuses on the business aspects of translational medicine and research translation and incorporates the practice of business case discussions, mock negotiation, and direct interactions into the didactic. The goal is to teach scientists at an early career stage how to create solutions, whether at the molecular level or via the creation of devices or software, to benefit those with disease. In doing so, young, talented scientists can develop a congruent mindset with biotechnology/industry executives. Our data demonstrates that the course enhances students' knowledge of the biotechnology industry. In turn, these learned skills may further encourage scientists to seek leadership positions in the field. Implementation of similar courses and educational programs will enhance scientists' training and inspire them to become innovative leaders in the discovery and development of therapeutics.
PMID: 29657853
ISSN: 2059-268x
CID: 3042632