Factors affecting young gay men's preference for sexual orientation-and gender identity-concordant providers [Meeting Abstract]
McLaughlin, S E; Blum, C; Gomes, A; Drake, C; Gillespie, C; Greene, R; Halkitis, P; Kapadia, F
Background: A relative dearth of literature exists on preferences of young gay male patients have regarding the sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) of their healthcare providers. Further research in this area is warranted to better serve the young MSM population.
Method(s): Data collection: A sample of 800 young adult gay men completed a brief survey on healthcare preferences between 2015-2016. Participant inclusion criteria were: age 18-29, male gender, self-identified gay sexual orientation, living in US for 5+ years, and being a resident of the New York City metropolitan area. Only participants who reported having a current PCP provided information on preferred PCP characteristics (i.e. male and/or LGBT). Data analysis: Multivariable logistic regression models were built to assess factors associated with participant preference for an LGBT or male PCP. Covariates for inclusion were considered based on prior literature as well as those identified as significant in bivariate logistic regression analyses. Backward model selection with variance inflation factor (VIF) analysis was used to eliminate collinearity and arrive at the most parsimonious models.
Result(s): In this sample, n=614 men (77%) reported having a PCP. Of those 614 with a PCP, 42% indicated a preference for male PCP, 36% preferred a gay or LGBT PCP, and a total of 20% preferred a male-LGBT provider. A preference for consolidated care and distrust in the health system were associated with preference for a sexual orientation concordant PCP. Preference for sexual orientation concordance was strongly associated with preference for gender concordance, and vice versa. Minority race was also found to be associated with preference for a gender-identity concordant (male) PCP.
Conclusion(s): Gay men who wish to discuss their overall health and sexual health with their primary care provider (ie, receive consolidated care) tend to prefer a LGBT provider. This is also true of gay men who distrust the healthcare system, possibly because they anticipate these providers will provide more culturally sensitive care. A surprising association was found between minority racial Background and preference for a gender concordant provider. Further research is warranted to explore the factors giving rise to this finding
Incidence of Diabetes Mellitus and Obesity and the Overlap of Comorbidities in HIV+ Hispanics Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy
Gomes, Angelina; Reyes, Emily V; Garduno, L Sergio; Rojas, Rita; Mir Mesejo, Geraldine; Del Rosario, Eliza; Jose, Lina; Javier, Carmen; Vaughan, Catherine; Donastorg, Yeycy; Hammer, Scott; Brudney, Karen; Taylor, Barbara S
BACKGROUND:Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading health threat for HIV+ patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART); cardiometabolic comorbidities are key predictors of risk. Data are limited on incidence of metabolic comorbidities in HIV+ individuals initiating ART in low and middle income countries (LMICs), particularly for Hispanics. We examined incidence of diabetes and obesity in a prospective cohort of those initiating ART in the Dominican Republic. METHODS:Participants â‰¥18 years, initiating ART <90 days prior to study enrollment, were examined for incidence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG), diabetes mellitus (DM), overweight, and obesity. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) 100-125mg/dl defined IFG; FPG â‰¥126 mg/dl, diagnosis per medical record, or use of hypoglycemic medication defined DM. Overweight and obesity were BMI 25-30 and â‰¥30kg/m2, respectively. Dyslipidemia was total cholesterol â‰¥240mg/dl or use of lipid-lowering medication. Framingham risk equation was used to determine ten-year CVD risk at the end of observation. RESULTS:Of 153 initiating ART, 8 (6%) had DM and 23 (16%) had IFG at baseline, 6 developed DM (28/1000 person-years follow up [PYFU]) and 46 developed IFG (329/1000 PYFU). At baseline, 24 (18%) were obese and 36 (27%) were overweight, 15 became obese (69/1000 PYFU) and 22 became overweight (163/1000 PYFU). Median observation periods for the diabetes and obesity analyses were 23.5 months and 24.3 months, respectively. Increased CVD risk (â‰¥10% 10-year Framingham risk score) was present for 13% of the cohort; 79% of the cohort had â‰¥1 cardiometabolic comorbidity, 48% had â‰¥2, and 13% had all three. CONCLUSIONS:In this Hispanic cohort in an LMIC, incidences of IFG/DM and overweight/obesity were similar to or higher than that found in high income countries, and cardiometabolic disorders affected three-quarters of those initiating ART. Care models incorporating cardiovascular risk reduction into HIV treatment programs are needed to prevent CVD-associated mortality in this vulnerable population.