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Perceptions of dietary factors promoting and preventing nephrolithiasis: a cross-sectional survey

Fakhoury, Mathew Q; Gordon, Barbara; Shorter, Barbara; Renson, Audrey; Borofsky, Michael S; Cohn, Matthew R; Cabezon, Elizabeth; Wysock, James S; Bjurlin, Marc A
OBJECTIVE:To assess knowledge of both promoting and preventive dietary factors on nephrolithiasis in a diverse patient population. Precipitating factors of kidney stone disease include diet, lifestyle, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity. However, patient awareness of these influences is poorly described. MATERIALS AND METHODS/METHODS:A 24-question survey, assessing intake-related risk factors for stone disease, was administered prospectively to 1018 patients. Responses were summarized with frequency and percent. Statistical comparisons were made using a propensity scoring method in order to account for potential confounding variables. Propensity scores were stratified into quintiles. Further analysis with multiple imputation was performed to account for any missing data in the survey. The results of the propensity-adjusted log-binomial regression model are presented as prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS:Respondents demonstrated limited knowledge of nutrient factors that influence stone development. However, most study participants (70.3%) reported a willingness to make lifestyle changes aimed at lowering their risk for stone disease. Respondents reporting previous nephrolithiasis education were less likely to report that diet had no effect on kidney stone formation (PR = 0.795, 95% CI 0.65, 0.96, p = 0.01) The type of physician who counseled the respondent had no association with patient knowledge for stone disease (PR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.63, 1.10, p = 0.2). CONCLUSIONS:Knowledge of diet-related risk factors for nephrolithiasis is limited among this population. Respondents who received prior education appeared to maintain the knowledge of dietary risk for nephrolithiasis. Participants also expressed a willingness to make requisite dietary changes if that information is provided. Given that most stone formers experience a recurrence, these findings highlight the need for more comprehensive patient education strategies on the modifiable risk factors for nephrolithiasis.
PMID: 30554273
ISSN: 1433-8726
CID: 3556862

A semi-persistent adult ocular dominance plasticity in visual cortex is stabilized by activated CREB

Pham, Tony A; Graham, Sarah J; Suzuki, Seigo; Barco, Angel; Kandel, Eric R; Gordon, Barbara; Lickey, Marvin E
The adult cerebral cortex can adapt to environmental change. Using monocular deprivation as a paradigm, we find that rapid experience-dependent plasticity exists even in the mature primary visual cortex. However, adult cortical plasticity differs from developmental plasticity in two important ways. First, the effect of adult, but not juvenile monocular deprivation is strongly suppressed by administration of barbiturate just prior to recording visual evoked potentials, suggesting that the effect of adult experience can be inactivated acutely. Second, the effect of deprivation is less persistent over time in adults than in juveniles. This correlates with the known decline in CREB function during maturation of the visual cortex. To compensate for this decline in CREB function, we expressed persistently active VP16-CREB and find that it causes adult plasticity to become persistent. These results suggest that in development and adulthood, the regulation of a trans-synaptic signaling pathway controls the adaptive potential of cortical circuits.
PMID: 15537732
ISSN: 1072-0502
CID: 776472