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Treatment outcomes and quality-of-life assessment in a university-based fertility preservation program: Results of a registry of female cancer patients at 2 years

Reh, Andrea E; Lu, Lucy; Weinerman, Rachel; Grifo, James; Krey, Lewis; Noyes, Nicole
PURPOSE: To explore patient goals and quality of life (QOL) via a prospective registry and compare fertility preservation (FP) outcomes before, during, and after cancer therapy. METHODS: Of 35 patients entering the registry from 3/2008 to 3/2010, 29/35 completed the study survey and agreed to follow-up, and 31/35 completed treatment. Survey results and FP outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Most patients rated the impact of cancer treatment on fertility of highest importance at baseline and 1-year follow-up. QOL scores were overall positive at both intervals. Patients naive to any cancer treatment (n = 12) had more gametes frozen than patients with prior cancer treatment (n = 19) with no difference in age or gonadotropin dosage. For patients awaiting cancer treatment, the median time from consultation to oocyte retrieval was 25 days. Cancer treatment sequalae posed challenges to optimal FP outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Fertility preservation remains a significant issue for cancer patients. With early reproductive endocrinologist referral, cancer treatment delay is minimized and FP outcomes are optimized
PMCID:3162054
PMID: 21424818
ISSN: 1573-7330
CID: 136992

Effect of autoimmune thyroid disease in older euthyroid infertile woman during the first 35 days of an IVF cycle

Reh, Andrea; Chaudhry, Sonal; Mendelsohn, Felicia; Im, Shelly; Rolnitzky, Linda; Amarosa, Alana; Levitz, Mortimer; Srinivasa, Suman; Krey, Lewis; Berkeley, Alan S; Grifo, James A; Danoff, Ann
In this case-control study of euthyroid first-cycle IVF patients >/= 38 years old with singleton baby, miscarriage, biochemical pregnancy, and no pregnancy outcomes from 2005-2008, we assayed frozen serum for autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) and thyroid function at cycle start, trigger, and 4 and 5 weeks' gestation. AITD prevalence in older infertile women was similar across clinical outcomes, and although AITD was associated with a higher baseline TSH, TSH remained within acceptable ranges, suggesting that T(4) supplementation may not affect maternal outcomes in older euthyroid AITD patients through 5 weeks gestation
PMCID:3059547
PMID: 21047632
ISSN: 1556-5653
CID: 138179

BLASTOCYST CULTURE SELECTS FOR EUPLOID EMBRYOS: COMPARISON OF BLASTOMERE BIOPSY (EB) AND TROPHECTODERM BIOPSY (TE) FOR ANEUPLOIDY RATES USING ARRAY COMPARATIVE GENOMIC HYBRIDIZATION (A-CGH) [Meeting Abstract]

Adler, A; Lee, H-L; Ampeloquio, E; Clarke-Williams, M; Grifo, J
ISI:000294452700366
ISSN: 0015-0282
CID: 2051862

Comparison of Pregnancy Outcomes in Elective Single-Blastocyst Transfer Versus Double-Blastocyst Transfer Stratified by Age [Editorial]

Mullin, Christine M.; Fino, M. Elizabeth; Talebian, Sheeva; Krey, Lewis C.; Licciardi, Frederick; Grifo, Jamie A.
ISI:000292735400019
ISSN: 0029-7828
CID: 2305422

What is a normal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level? Effects of stricter TSH thresholds on pregnancy outcomes after in vitro fertilization

Reh, Andrea; Grifo, James; Danoff, Ann
Using a thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) cutoff of 2.5 mIU/L or 4.5 mIU/L, no differences in the rates of clinical pregnancy, delivery, or miscarriage were observed in this large, retrospective cohort study of first-cycle IVF patients from 2005 through 2008, after controlling for age. Although lowering the TSH threshold to 2.5 mIU/L would result in a nearly fivefold increase in the number of women being classified as hypothyroid, the lack of differences in maternal clinical outcomes must be considered in the current controversy regarding the relative merits of lowering the upper limit of normal of TSH
PMID: 20655528
ISSN: 1556-5653
CID: 149782

Oocyte cryopreservation outcomes including pre-cryopreservation and post-thaw meiotic spindle evaluation following slow cooling and vitrification of human oocytes

Noyes, Nicole; Knopman, Jaime; Labella, Patty; McCaffrey, Caroline; Clark-Williams, Melicia; Grifo, Jamie
OBJECTIVE: To report our oocyte cryopreservation (OC) outcomes including meiotic spindle (MS) evaluation of metaphase II (MII) oocytes destined for OC and thaw. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: University-based infertility center. PATIENT(S): Women attempting pregnancy using cryopreserved oocytes. INTERVENTION(S): OC, MS evaluation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Survival, two pronuclear (2PN) fertilization, achieving embryo quality suitable for transfer or refreezing, blastocyst formation. RESULT(S): Thirty-two OC-thaw cycles resulted in 20 pregnancies, 18 either ongoing or delivered. In 26 cycles, MS evaluation was performed: 262/303 (86%) thawed/recovered oocytes survived, 218/262 (83%) achieved 2PN fertilization, 133/218 (61%) became suitable for day-3 and 122/218 (56%) for day-5 transfer. In total, 58 embryos were transferred resulting in a 62% pregnancy and a 41% implantation rate. Of oocytes evaluated before cryopreservation, 247 (82%) were spindle-positive; 96% of these were also spindle-positive after thawing. Blastocyst formation and suitability for day-5 transfer was achieved more often if a post-thaw spindle was visualized. Of all slow-cooled and vitrified oocytes, a higher percentage of those slow-cooled achieved 2PN fertilization and usability. MS evaluation of oocytes cryopreserved by either method was associated with similar outcomes. CONCLUSION(S): OC outcomes are improving. An MS was almost always exhibited both before cryopreservation and after thawing, suggesting that, with appropriate technique, OC presents minimal harm to the MII oocyte. A meiotic spindle evaluation might help to further OC technology
PMID: 20188356
ISSN: 1556-5653
CID: 114041

Fate of cryopreserved donor embryos

Knopman, Jaime M; Talebian, Sheeva; Berkeley, Alan S; Grifo, James A; Noyes, Nicole; Licciardi, Frederick
OBJECTIVE: To review a center's experience with cryopreserved embryos generated from donor eggs and to analyze their long-term disposition. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of donor egg cycles with cryopreserved embryos. SETTING: University-based IVF program. PATIENT(S): Eight hundred twenty-nine women undergoing oocyte donation. INTERVENTION(S): N/A. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Factors affecting the decision regarding disposition of donor frozen embryo transfer (dFET) and the association between fresh and dFET cycles. RESULT(S): From January 2000 to December 2004, donor egg recipients underwent 829 fresh embryo transfer cycles that resulted in a 54% live birth rate. Of the 444 recipients who delivered, 177 (40%) also cryopreserved embryos at transfer; however, only 37 (21%) returned for a dFET by August 2009 and only 18 women had children from fresh and frozen transfers. In contrast, 128 of the 385 recipients who failed the fresh transfer (33%) cryopreserved embryos and 111 (87%) returned for a dFET. Of these, 44 had children from the dFET. Frozen cycle success rates between these recipient groups did not depend on fresh cycle outcome or prior parity. CONCLUSION(S): Donor oocyte recipients often initiate treatment with a desire to cryopreserve embryos for future use and family expansion. However, our data demonstrates that most recipients with a child from the fresh transfer do not return to use their cryopreserved embryos. Although fresh transfer success correlated with embryo disposition, it did not correlate with the outcome of thawed embryo transfer
PMID: 20056205
ISSN: 1556-5653
CID: 138166

WHAT'S THE SCORE?: A QUANTITATIVE MEANS TO ASSESS EMBRYO QUALITY (EQ) [Meeting Abstract]

Knopman, J. M.; Krey, L. C.; McCaffrey, C.; Noyes, N.; Hodes-Wertz, B.; Grifo, J. A.
ISI:000281441000085
ISSN: 0015-0282
CID: 113762

GENERATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF DISEASE-SPECIFIC HUMAN EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS FROM GENETICALLY ABNORMAL EMBRYOS [Meeting Abstract]

Hansis, C.; Rice, C. E.; Lehmann, R.; Grifo, J. A.
ISI:000281441000101
ISSN: 0015-0282
CID: 113763

ARE WE UNDERESTIMATING THE PREVALENCE OF ANEUPLOIDY- RELATED MISCARRIAGES? A DESCRIPTION OF CYTOGENETIC RESULTS FROM PRODUCTS OF CONCEPTION (POC) AFTER DILATION AND CURETTAGE (D&C) [Meeting Abstract]

Werner, M. D.; Reh, A.; Perle, M. A.; Grifo, J.
ISI:000281441000143
ISSN: 0015-0282
CID: 113764