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Autoimmune and Cutaneous Inflammatory Comorbidities in Adult-Onset Morphea in the All of Us Research Program [Letter]

Shah, Jill T; Richardson, William Mark; Mittal, Lavanya; Hejazi, Emily; Mazori, Daniel R; Femia, Alisa N
PMID: 38305944
ISSN: 1179-1888
CID: 5626922

Dermatomyositis Diagnosis and Treatment in the Inpatient Setting

Hejazi, Emily Z.; Mittal, Lavanya; Sicco, Kristen Lo; Mazori, Daniel R.; Femia, Alisa N.; Caplan, Avrom S.
Purpose of Review: Dermatomyositis can present with a range of manifestations and severity that may necessitate hospital admission. Dermatologists are frequently consulted for patients with dermatomyositis inpatient. Herein we describe clinical features and management of multisystem complications of dermatomyositis with a focus on the inpatient setting. Recent Findings: Patients with dermatomyositis are at risk for hospitalization due to disease flares, infections, and systemic complications. Furthermore, patients may seek care for symptoms including shortness of breath, fever, or cutaneous eruptions which can lead to a new diagnosis of dermatomyositis. Patients with dermatomyositis have increased healthcare utilization and necessitate multidisciplinary and collaborative care. Cutaneous findings may be subtle yet provide important prognostic information. Symptoms arising from skin disease may also be chronic and refractory. Summary: Dermatologists are essential in both diagnosing and managing dermatomyositis and must be attuned to the multiple systemic manifestations and complications that impact inpatient care.
ISSN: 2162-4933
CID: 5499992

Association of Dermatomyositis with Cardiovascular Disease: A Case-Control Study in the All of Us Research Program [Meeting Abstract]

Shah, J; Shah, K; Mazori, D; Caplan, A; Hejazi, E; Femia, A
Background/Purpose: Previous studies on the association of dermatomyositis (DM) with cardiovascular (CV) disease have used combined idiopathic inflammatory myositis cohorts, included only non-United States (US) cohorts, included only inpatients, or have not included matched controls. We aimed to describe the burden and timing of CV disease in a demographically and geographically diverse sample of inpatients and outpatients with DM in the US. Table 1. All of Us Database Diagnosis Search Terms.
Method(s): We performed a nested, matched, case-control analysis based on diagnostic coding in the All of Us Registered Tier Dataset v5 (Table 1). We used nearest neighbor propensity score matching to select for age-, sex-, race-, and ethnicity-matched controls for each DM case. We compared CV comorbidities and their dates of diagnosis between cases and controls using Pearson's chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test for categorical variables and the unpaired t-test for continuous variables. A multivariable conditional logistic regression model was built by including comorbidities with significance of P < 0.1 in univariable analysis, followed by backward elimination of comorbidities with a significance of P > 0.1 or with evidence of collinearity. A sensitivity analysis was performed that excluded DM cases with comorbid systemic lupus Table 2. Demographic and clinical characteristics of DM cases versus age-, sex-, race-, and ethnicity-matched controls in All of Us. erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, or systemic sclerosis.
Result(s): Of the 214,206 All of Us participants with electronic health record data, we identified 248 DM cases and 992 controls (Table 2). The mean follow-up time for DM cases was 7.1 +/- 4.8 years. Compared to controls, DM cases were significantly associated with 14 of 14 tested CV comorbidities in univariable analysis: atrial fibrillation (AF), cerebrovascular disease (CVD), chronic kidney disease (CKD), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary artery disease, deep vein thrombosis, heart failure, hyperlipidemia, hypertensive disorder (HTN), myocardial infarction, peripheral artery disease, pulmonary embolism, type 2 diabetes (T2D), and valvular heart disease (VHD). Aside from HTN, which was diagnosed on average 3.6 years earlier in the DM cohort, comorbidities were diagnosed at similar ages between cases and controls. In multivariable analysis, CKD, CVD, T2D, and VHD remained significantly associated with DM (Table 3). In the sensitivity analysis, 154 cases and 616 controls were identified. Univariable analysis results were similar except AF was not a significant association. In multivariable analysis, CKD, T2D, and VHD remained significantly associated; the odds ratio for CVD was 2.11 (p = 0.086).
Conclusion(s): This study found an association between DM and T2D, which has been previously reported. Unique to this study is the strong association of DM with CKD and with VHD, which remained significant in multiple multivariable models. Elevated risk of CV disease has been established in chronic inflammatory states such as SLE. This study shows a similar association between CV disease and DM. It is necessary to establish if treatment of DM decreases risk of CV disease, as is the case in the treatment of other rheumatologic diseases. Our study is limited by ascertainment of diagnoses using electronic health records and a lack of data on clinical features of DM
ISSN: 2326-5205
CID: 5513132

Profound leukemia cutis in a patient with relapsed T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia [Case Report]

Nohria, Ambika; Criscito, Maressa C; Weston, Gillian K; Kim, Randie H; Lo Sicco, Kristen I; Femia, Alisa N; Hejazi, Emily Z; Milam, Emily C
PMID: 34815993
ISSN: 2352-5126
CID: 5063622

Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus: An Update on Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment

Hejazi, Emily Z; Werth, Victoria P
Cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) includes a broad range of dermatologic manifestations, which may or may not be associated with systemic disease. Recent studies in this area continue to shape our understanding of this disease and treatment options. Epidemiologic studies have found an incidence of CLE of 4.30 per 100,000, which approaches similar analysis for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Although there have been extensive efforts to define SLE, the classification of CLE and its subgroups remains a challenge. Currently, diagnosis relies on clinical and laboratory findings as well as skin histology. The Cutaneous Lupus Area and Severity Index (CLASI) is a validated measure of disease activity and damage. CLE pathogenesis is multifactorial and includes genetic contributions as well as effects of ultraviolet (UV) light. Immune dysregulation and aberrant cell signaling pathways through cytokine cascades are also implicated. Patient education and avoidance of triggers are key to disease prevention. Antimalarials and topical steroids continue to be the standard of care; however, immunosuppressants, thalidomide analogs and monoclonal antibodies are possible systemic therapies for the treatment of recalcitrant disease.
PMID: 26872954
ISSN: 1175-0561
CID: 2045112

Pruritic, Pink Scaling Plaques on the Face and Trunk. Pemphigus erythematosus [Case Report]

Pritchett, Ellen N; Hejazi, Emily; Cusack, Carrie Ann
PMID: 26267852
ISSN: 2168-6084
CID: 4482442

An acute linear pruritic eruption following allergic contact dermatitis

Sommer, Lacy L; Hejazi, Emily Z; Heymann, Warren R
PMID: 25489384
ISSN: 1941-2789
CID: 4482432