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Respiratory Mechanics and Association With Inflammation in COVID-19-Related ARDS

Bhatt, Alok; Deshwal, Himanshu; Luoma, Kelsey; Fenianos, Madelin; Hena, Kerry; Chitkara, Nishay; Zhong, Hua; Mukherjee, Vikramjit
BACKGROUND:The novel coronavirus-associated ARDS (COVID-19 ARDS) often requires invasive mechanical ventilation. A spectrum of atypical ARDS with different phenotypes (high vs low static compliance) has been hypothesized in COVID-19. METHODS:test, chi-square test, ANOVA test, and Pearson correlation was used to identify relationship between subject variables and respiratory mechanics. The primary outcome was duration of mechanical ventilation. Secondary outcomes were correlation between fluid status, C- reactive protein, PEEP, and D-dimer with respiratory and ventilatory parameters. RESULTS:= .02). CONCLUSIONS:In our cohort of mechanically ventilated COVID-19 ARDS subjects, high PEEP and D-dimer were associated with increase in physiologic dead space without significant effect on oxygenation, raising the question of potential microvascular dysfunction.
PMID: 34521759
ISSN: 1943-3654
CID: 5038882

Clinical Outcomes in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients: A Unique New York City Public Hospital Experience

Mukherjee, Vikramjit; Toth, Alexander T; Fenianos, Madelin; Martell, Sarah; Karpel, Hannah C; Postelnicu, Radu; Bhatt, Alok; Deshwal, Himanshu; Kreiger-Benson, Elana; Brill, Kenneth; Goldlust, Sandra; Nair, Sunil; Walsh, B Corbett; Ellenberg, David; Magda, Gabriela; Pradhan, Deepak; Uppal, Amit; Hena, Kerry; Chitkara, Nishay; Alviar, Carlos L; Basavaraj, Ashwin; Luoma, Kelsey; Link, Nathan; Bails, Douglas; Addrizzo-Harris, Doreen; Sterman, Daniel H
To explore demographics, comorbidities, transfers, and mortality in critically ill patients with confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2.
PMCID:7437795
PMID: 32885172
ISSN: 2639-8028
CID: 4583592

Genetic Variants Associated with FDNY WTC-Related Sarcoidosis

Cleven, Krystal L; Ye, Kenny; Zeig-Owens, Rachel; Hena, Kerry M; Montagna, Cristina; Shan, Jidong; Hosgood, H Dean; Jaber, Nadia; Weiden, Michael D; Colbeth, Hilary L; Goldfarb, David G; Spivack, Simon D; Prezant, David J
Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. It may develop in response to an exposure or inflammatory trigger in the background of a genetically primed abnormal immune response. Thus, genetic studies are potentially important to our understanding of the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis. We developed a case-control study which explored the genetic variations between firefighters in the Fire Department of the City of New York (FDNY) with World Trade Center (WTC)-related sarcoidosis and those with WTC exposure, but without sarcoidosis. The loci of fifty-one candidate genes related to granuloma formation, inflammation, immune response, and/or sarcoidosis were sequenced at high density in enhancer/promoter, exonic, and 5' untranslated regions. Seventeen allele variants of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and non-HLA genes were found to be associated with sarcoidosis, and all were within chromosomes 1 and 6. Our results also suggest an association between extrathoracic involvement and allele variants of HLA and non-HLA genes found not only on chromosomes 1 and 6, but also on chromosomes 16 and 17. We found similarities between genetic variants with WTC-related sarcoidosis and those reported previously in sporadic sarcoidosis cases within the general population. In addition, we identified several allele variants never previously reported in association with sarcoidosis. If confirmed in larger studies with known environmental exposures, these novel findings may provide insight into the gene-environment interactions key to the development of sarcoidosis.
PMID: 31126090
ISSN: 1660-4601
CID: 3921102

Clinical Evaluation of Sarcoidosis in Community Members with World Trade Center Dust Exposure

Hena, Kerry M; Murphy, Scarlett; Zhang, Yian; Shao, Yongzhao; Kazeros, Angeliki; Reibman, Joan
Background: Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease involving intrathoracic and extrathoracic organs. Genetic and environmental factors, such as exposure to World-Trade Center (WTC) dust after 9/11, may play a role in clinical presentation. Characterization of sarcoidosis in community members with exposure to the WTC dust can provide further insight into the relationship between environmental exposure and sarcoidosis. Methods: Patients with documented sarcoidosis were identified in the WTC Environmental Health Center (EHC), a treatment program for community members. Demographic and clinical data were collected from standardized questionnaires and chart review. Organ involvement was assessed with a standard instrument. Results: Among patients in the WTC EHC, 87 were identified with sarcoidosis after 9/11. Sarcoidosis cases were more likely African-American, local workers, and had more respiratory symptoms, compared with non-sarcoidosis WTC EHC patients. Many (46%) had ≥ Scadding stage 3 on chest imaging, and had reduced lung function measures. Extrathoracic involvement was identified in 33/87 (38%) with a diversity of organs involved. Conclusions: WTC-exposed sarcoidosis in community members is often characterized by severe pulmonary disease and a high rate of diverse extrathoracic involvement. Further analysis is required to characterize the course of disease progression or resolution.
PMCID:6480441
PMID: 30974916
ISSN: 1660-4601
CID: 3908692

Time Is TB! A Case of CNS Tuberculosis Presenting with Ring Enhancing Lesions [Meeting Abstract]

Sinokrot, O.; Nair, S.; Hena, K.; Pradhan, D.
ISI:000449980304280
ISSN: 1073-449x
CID: 3512862

World Trade Center-Associated Sarcoidosis: A Pilot Genotype Survey [Meeting Abstract]

Spivack, S. D.; Shan, J.; Ye, K.; Shi, M.; Aldabagh, M.; Hena, K.; Yip, J.; Jaber, N.; Cleven, K.; Zeig-Owens, R.; Barker, L. A.; Maier, L. A.; Aldrich, T. K.; Prezant, D. J.
ISI:000449980301395
ISSN: 1073-449x
CID: 3513032

Clinical Course of Sarcoidosis in World Trade Center Exposed Firefighters

Hena, Kerry M; Yip, Jennifer; Jaber, Nadia; Goldfarb, David; Fullam, Kelly; Cleven, Krystal; Moir, William; Zeig-Owens, Rachel; Webber, Mayris P; Spevack, Daniel M; Judson, Marc A; Maier, Lisa; Krumerman, Andrew; Aizer, Anthony; Spivack, Simon D; Berman, Jessica; Aldrich, Thomas K; Prezant, David J; Christodoulou, Vasilios; Hena, Zachary; Plotycia, Steven M; Soghier, Israa; Gritz, David; Acuna, Dianne S; Weiden, Michael D; Nolan, Anna; Diaz, Keith; Ortiz, Viola; Kelly, Kerry
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is thought to represent a genetically-primed, abnormal immune response to an antigen exposure or inflammatory trigger, with both genetic and environmental factors playing a role in disease onset and phenotypic expression. In a population of firefighters with post-WTC-9/11/2001 (9/11) sarcoidosis, we have a unique opportunity to describe the clinical course of incident sarcoidosis during the 15-years post-exposure and, on average, 8-years after diagnosis. METHODS: Among the WTC-exposed cohort, 74 firefighters with post-9/11 sarcoidosis were identified through medical records review. 59 were enrolled in follow-up studies. For each participant, the World Association of Sarcoidosis and Other Granulomatous Diseases organ assessment tool was used to categorize sarcoidosis involvement of each organ system at time of diagnosis and at follow-up. RESULTS: The incidence of sarcoidosis post-9/11 was 25/100,000. Radiographic resolution of intrathoracic involvement occurred in 24 (45%). Lung function for nearly all was within normal limits. Extrathoracic involvement increased, most prominently joints (15%) and cardiac (16%). There was no evidence for calcium dysmetabolism. Few had ocular (5%) or skin (2%) involvement. None had beryllium sensitization. Most (76%) did not receive any treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Extrathoracic disease was more prevalent in WTC-related sarcoidosis than reported for sarcoidosis patients without WTC-exposure or for other exposure-related granulomatous diseases (beryllium disease and hypersensitivity pneumonitis). Cardiac involvement would have been missed if evaluation stopped after electrocardiogram, 48-hour recordings and echocardiogram. Our results also support the need for advanced cardiac screening in asymptomatic patients with strenuous, stressful, public safety occupations, given the potential fatality of a missed diagnosis.
PMCID:6026251
PMID: 29066387
ISSN: 1931-3543
CID: 2757372

Cardiac Sarcoidosis In World Trade Center (wtc) Exposed Fire Department Of The City Of New York (fdny) Firefighters [Meeting Abstract]

Hena, K; Yip, J; Jaber, N; Goldfarb, D; Fullam, K; Cleven, K; Christodoulou, V; Moir, W; Hena, Z; Zeig-Owens, R; Webber, MP; Spevack, D; Soghier, I; Acuna, D; Prezant, DJ; Aldrich, TK; Spivack, SD
ISI:000400372504285
ISSN: 1535-4970
CID: 2591102

Airway Disease in Rescue/Recovery Workers: Recent Findings from the World Trade Center Collapse

Cleven, Krystal L; Webber, Mayris P; Zeig-Owens, Rachel; Hena, Kerry M; Prezant, David J
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Our goal is to summarize the airway disease literature since September 11, 2001 (9/11), focusing on studies published since 2011 in World Trade Center-exposed rescue/recovery workers. RECENT FINDINGS: Since 2011, studies have confirmed relationships between initial World Trade Center exposure intensity, severity of symptoms, airway disease diagnoses, and biomarkers of disease progression. Studies continue to document ongoing morbidity in rescue/recovery workers over 10 years after 9/11. Future research should further identify correlates of symptom persistence and new airway disease diagnoses. The unique characteristics of the airway diseases in this population warrant ongoing monitoring and treatment.
PMID: 28181152
ISSN: 1534-6315
CID: 2436292

A Man in His 60s With Renal Failure and Shock Refractory to Vasopressors [Case Report]

Hena, Kerry M; Eisen, Lewis A; Shiloh, Ariel L
PMID: 26621295
ISSN: 1931-3543
CID: 2173112