Inferior Right Ventricular Wall Thickness by Echocardiogram: A Novel Method of Assessing Hypertrophy in Neonates and Infants
An established echocardiographic (echo) standard for assessing the newborn right ventricle (RV) for hypertrophy has not been thoroughly developed. This is partially due to the RV's complex architecture, which makes quantification of RV mass by echo difficult. Here, we retrospectively evaluate the thickness of the inferior RV wall (iRVWT) by echo in neonates and infants with normal cardiopulmonary physiology. Inferior RVWT was defined at the medial portion of the inferior wall of the RV at the mid-ventricular level, collected from a subxiphoid, short axis view. iRVWT was indexed to body surface area (BSA) to the 0.5 power and normalized to iLVWT to explore the best normalization method. Ninety-eight neonates and 32 infants were included in the final analysis. Mean age for neonates and infants was 2Â days and 59Â days, respectively. Meanâ€‰Â±â€‰SD for neonate and infant end-diastole iRVWT was 2.17â€‰Â±â€‰0.35Â mm and 1.79â€‰Â±â€‰0.28Â mm, respectively. There was no residual relationship between the index iRVWT and BSA (râ€‰=â€‰0.03, pâ€‰=â€‰NS). In the infant cohort, the iRVWT was significantly lower and iLVWT was significantly higher compared to neonate, consistent with known physiologic changes of RV and LV mass. Thus, iRVWT may serve as a reliable and accurate proxy for RV mass and the parameter warrants further evaluation.