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Surgical Management of Giant Intrapericardial Teratoma Encasing the Coronary Artery

Minocha, Prashant; Hodzic, Emina; Sharma, Madhu; Bhatla, Puneet; Nielsen, James; Ramirez, Michelle; Magid, Margret; Fisher, Jason C; Mosca, Ralph; Kumar, Tk Susheel
Intrapericardial teratomas are rare, predominantly benign tumors that warrant surgical resection in the neonatal period because of their potential detrimental effects on the cardiorespiratory system. Surgical resection can be a challenge when the tumor encases and obscures a coronary artery. Adherence to certain operative principles is necessary to achieve successful outcomes.
PMID: 33888026
ISSN: 2150-136x
CID: 4852092

Inferior Right Ventricular Wall Thickness by Echocardiogram: A Novel Method of Assessing Hypertrophy in Neonates and Infants

Pravder, Harrison D; Hodzic, Emina; Bhatla, Puneet; Busovsky-McNeal, Melissa; Nielsen, James C
An established echocardiographic (echo) standard for assessing the newborn right ventricle (RV) for hypertrophy has not been thoroughly developed. This is partially due to the RV's complex architecture, which makes quantification of RV mass by echo difficult. Here, we retrospectively evaluate the thickness of the inferior RV wall (iRVWT) by echo in neonates and infants with normal cardiopulmonary physiology. Inferior RVWT was defined at the medial portion of the inferior wall of the RV at the mid-ventricular level, collected from a subxiphoid, short axis view. iRVWT was indexed to body surface area (BSA) to the 0.5 power and normalized to iLVWT to explore the best normalization method. Ninety-eight neonates and 32 infants were included in the final analysis. Mean age for neonates and infants was 2 days and 59 days, respectively. Mean ± SD for neonate and infant end-diastole iRVWT was 2.17 ± 0.35 mm and 1.79 ± 0.28 mm, respectively. There was no residual relationship between the index iRVWT and BSA (r = 0.03, p = NS). In the infant cohort, the iRVWT was significantly lower and iLVWT was significantly higher compared to neonate, consistent with known physiologic changes of RV and LV mass. Thus, iRVWT may serve as a reliable and accurate proxy for RV mass and the parameter warrants further evaluation.
PMID: 32715337
ISSN: 1432-1971
CID: 4542862

Fetal Diagnosis of Tetralogy of Fallot, Major Aortopulmonary Collateral Arteries, and an "Inverted" Pulmonary Valve Causing a Circular Shunt [Case Report]

Satzer, Michael; Hodzic, Emina; Argilla, Michael; Choueiter, Nadine
PMID: 33117928
ISSN: 2468-6441
CID: 4646732